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n. (context mineral English) An orthorhombic mineral first discovered on the Moon.


Armalcolite is a titanium-rich mineral with the chemical formula (Mg,Fe)TiO. It was first found at Tranquility Base on the Moon in 1969 and is named for Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins, the three Apollo 11 astronauts. Together with tranquillityite and pyroxferroite, it is one of three new minerals that were discovered on the Moon. Armalcolite was later identified at various locations on Earth and has been synthesized in the laboratory. The synthesis requires low pressures, high temperatures and rapid quenching from about 1,000 °C to the ambient temperature. Armalcolite breaks down to a mixture of magnesium-rich ilmenite and rutile at temperatures below 1,000 °C, but the conversion slows down with cooling. Because of this quenching requirement, armalcolite is relatively rare and is usually found in association with ilmenite and rutile, among other minerals.

Usage examples of "armalcolite".

The largest asteroid in this sector had deposits of armalcolite ore they needed to fix the Oltion circuits in the warp processor.