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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Arctic \Arc"tic\, a. [OE. artik, OF. artique, F. arctique, L. arcticus, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? a bear, also a northern constellation so called; akin to L. ursus bear, Skr. ?ksha.] Pertaining to, or situated under, the northern constellation called the Bear; northern; frigid; as, the arctic pole, circle, region, ocean; an arctic expedition, night, temperature.

Note: The arctic circle is a lesser circle, parallel to the equator, 23[deg] 28' from the north pole. This and the antarctic circle are called the polar circles, and between these and the poles lie the frigid zones. See Zone.


Arctic \Arc"tic\, n.

  1. The arctic circle.

  2. A warm waterproof overshoe. [U.S.]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., artik, from Old French artique, from Medieval Latin articus, from Latin arcticus, from Greek arktikos "of the north," literally "of the (constellation) Bear," from arktos "bear; Ursa Major; the region of the north," the Bear being a northerly constellation. From *rkto-, the usual Indo-European base for "bear" (cognates: Avestan aresho, Armenian arj, Albanian ari, Latin ursus, Welsh arth); see bear (n.) for why the name changed in Germanic. The -c- was restored from 1550s. As a noun, "the Arctic regions," from 1560s.


a. (alternative case form of Arctic English) n. (alternative case form of Arctic English)


The Arctic ( or ) is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Alaska ( United States), Canada, Finland, Greenland ( Denmark), Iceland, Norway, Russia, and Sweden. The Arctic region consists of an ocean and adjacent seas with a seasonally varying ice cover, surrounded by treeless permafrost. The area can be defined as north of the Arctic Circle (66° 33'N), the approximate limit of the midnight sun and the polar night. Alternatively, it can be defined as the region where the average temperature for the warmest month (July) is below ; the northernmost tree line roughly follows the isotherm at the boundary of this region.

Socially and politically, the Arctic region includes the northern territories of the eight Arctic states, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States, although by natural science definitions, much of this territory is considered subarctic. The Arctic region is a unique area among Earth's ecosystems. For example, the cultures in the region and the Arctic indigenous peoples have adapted to its cold and extreme conditions. In recent years, the extent of the sea ice has declined. Life in the Arctic includes organisms living in the ice, zooplankton and phytoplankton, fish and marine mammals, birds, land animals, plants and human societies.

Arctic (disambiguation)

The Arctic is Earth's north polar region.

Arctic may also refer to:

  • Arctic (company), a Swiss manufacturer of computer hardware and consumer electronics
  • Arctic (journal)
  • Arctic, California, a former settlement
  • Arctic Ocean

In ships:

  • MV Arctic, an icebreaking cargo ship built in 1978
  • SS Arctic, a paddle steamer in the Collins Line steamships that began operating in 1850 and was sunk in a collision in 1854
  • , a survey ship in commission in the United States Coast Survey from 1856 to 1858

  • , various United States Navy ships of the name

  • , a United States Navy fast combat support ship in non-commissioned service in the Military Sealift Command from 1995 to 2002

Arctic (journal)

Arctic is a quarterly, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary, scientific journal, published by the Arctic Institute of North America. The focus of Arctic is original research articles on all topics about or related to the northern polar and sub-polar regions of the world. Additional published formats are book reviews, profiles of notable persons, specific geographic locations, notable northern events, commentaries, letters to the editor, and a general interest section consisting of essays and institute news. Mutltidisciplinary coverage encompasses physical sciences, social sciences, biological sciences, humanities, engineering, and technology. The journal was first published in spring of 1948.

Arctic (company)

Arctic Switzerland AG, formerly known as Arctic Cooling, is a Chinese manufacturer of computer cooling components, mainly CPU and graphics card coolers, case fans and thermal compound. Since 2010, Arctic expanded its business by starting a range of products to cater other consumer demands beyond that of computer cooling hardware. Nowadays, Arctic also offers various consumer products—spanning audio, home entertainment, computer peripherals and RC toys. In 2012, Arctic was nominated as one of the finalists in the annual PCR Awards.

Founded in 2001, Arctic has offices in Hong Kong, the United States cooperates with different production facilities in China. Arctic products are distributed worldwide through distributors, dealers and retailers. The United States, United Kingdom and Germany are Arctic’s major markets. The company has also collaborated with leading graphics card brands such as HIS, Inno3D, PowerColor VTX3D and Sapphire in the development of OEM cooling equipment.

Usage examples of "arctic".

Our dogs, purebred Siberian Huskies, could surpass many Alaskan dogs in toughness and cold resistance, but most modern racers used hound Husky crossbred dogs that are speedier than pure arctic breeds.

We moved with the herds along the Algic Current, from the equator almost to the Arctic Circle.

The double river-systems of the Volga and Kama, the Obi and Irtish, the Angara and Yenisei, the Lena and Vitim on the Arctic slope, the Amur and Sungari on the Pacific slope, are instances.

With her great screw barely turning enough to give headway, the Archerfish moved slowly through the Arctic waters.

It was luminous as the Alaskan valleys when on white arctic nights they are lighted, the Athabascans believe, by the gleaming spears of hunting gods.

Great South Land, which was only the translation of the previous name, Terra Australis and Terra del Zur, began calling it Nova Hollandia and Nieuw Holland, a name transferred by them to the southern continent from the icy regions they had explored in the Arctic Seas when attempting to reach India and the Spice Islands by a north-east passage.

Also by Keith Douglass THE CARRIER SERIES: Carrier Viper Strike Armageddon Mode Flame-Out Maelstrom Countdown Afterburn Alpha Strike Arctic Fire Arsenal THE SEAL TEAM SEVEN SERIES: SEAL Team Seven Specter Nucflash Direct Action Firestorm Battleground To my good friend, writing critic, and advisor in all things Navy, Cyndy Mobley.

Six months before, Greenpeace had been protesting the taking of bowhead whales in the Arctic Ocean by the Inupiat people who lived there.

Norway outside a warehouse facing arctic whiteness with a stoicism more southerly bulbs begin strobing faintly just at the thought of.

When Lou Calabrese laughed, it was impossible to remember that the temperature was well below freezing, and that an arctic blast was buffeting the four meager walls around them.

The Fskimo makes his or of Lord Strathcona, quoted in her appearance: Hugh Brody, Liv Pedley, Biography ofLord ing Arctic: Hunters oftbe Cana Strathcona, pp.

His outer gauntlets were too thick to unfasten the strap catches, so he took them off, trying not to wince as the arctic air bit straight through the woolen inner gloves.

The snow-fields were like the vast Arctic ice-fields that Kane looked on, and lay sparkling under the moonlight, crisp and Christmasy, and all the crystals on the trees and bushes hung glistening, as if ready, at a breath of air, to break out into metallic ringing, like a million silver joy-bells.

Arctic Combat Brigade of the 9th Army has not reported back from special training maneuvers off the Chukchi Peninsula.

This novel-and the previous three books in THE FIRST AMERICANS Series-has shown how man first came into the Americas by way of the high Arctic, eventually traversed the upper reaches of the Yukon, penetrated the high passes of the Richardson Mountains, reached the shores of the MacKensie River and-facing the impenetrable mile-high walls of the Cordilleran and Laurentide ice sheets-at last turned south along the eastern spine of the Rocky Mountains and headed straight into the heartland of Ice Age America.