The Collaborative International Dictionary
Albertite \Al"bert*ite\ ([a^]l"b[~e]rt*[imac]t), n. (Min.) A bituminous mineral resembling asphaltum, found in the county of Albert, New Brunswick.
n. (context mineral English) A bituminous mineral resembling asphalt.
It is a deep black and lustrous variety, and is less soluble in turpentine than the usual type of asphalt. It was from Albertite that kerosene was first refined. It was first truly studied by New Brunswick geologist Abraham Gesner, who had heard stories of rocks that burned in the area.