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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
an act of violence/aggression
▪ Incidents of sexual harassment and acts of violence against women were on the increase.
commit an act of violence/terrorism/aggression etc
▪ Anyone committing an act of terrorism will be severely punished.
▪ Eisenhower and Dulles saw such an outcome as a victory for Communist aggression and a failure of containment.
▪ Kennedy wanted to be able to respond to Communist aggression at any level.
▪ It includes innate male aggression and, as recognised by some ethologists, an emphasis on instinctive territoriality.
▪ A society of families both constrains male aggressions and channels them toward the protection and support of family and society.
▪ The role of women in fomenting male aggression is, I now believe, marginal, even irrelevant.
▪ With their banshee wails, squalling guitars and naked aggression, they are baring their souls and they are angry.
▪ Verbal aggression is more likely to occur than physical aggression in groups whose members come from middle- or upper-income families.
▪ A solid majority shows strong correlation with disrespectful behavior, verbal abuse and physical aggression.
▪ Lower income groups use more physical aggression.
▪ Some of their non-verbal behaviour is different, and they display less aggression.
▪ Alas, the streets are full of Czech drivers intent on displaying maximum aggression.
▪ She greeted him as usual, showing not the slightest aggression.
▪ It sometimes happens that yearling or two-year-old colts show signs of aggression, and treat people like an inferior horse.
▪ New emotions were beginning to show, notably aggression and fear of suffocation.
▪ They have begun to show aggression to each other.
display of affection/emotion/aggression etc
▪ Army regulations prohibit public displays of affection by soldiers, and private hideaways are hard to come by.
▪ Minimal displays of aggression towards us are usually best ignored.
▪ Mountain goats are unusual in that mild displays of aggression are especially frequent.
▪ Such a display of emotions was horrifying.
naked truth/self-interest/aggression etc
▪ And that's the naked truth Yes that's the naked truth.
▪ Lonrho itself is authority for the view that pursuit of naked self-interest by criminal means can never amount to conspiracy.
▪ Revealed ... the naked truth about Paul McCartney.
▪ The aristocracy of this period has been castigated for its naked self-interest and expediency.
▪ With their banshee wails, squalling guitars and naked aggression, they are baring their souls and they are angry.
▪ another example of communist aggression
▪ Any eastward expansion would be regarded by the government as an act of aggression.
▪ As our older generation knows from experience, unchecked aggression against a small nation is a prelude to international disaster.
▪ In a prison, drugs sometimes have to be used to control aggression.
▪ Some people think that aggression in children may be caused by the food they eat.
▪ Textbooks tend to ignore past military aggressions.
▪ The invasion was condemned as 'blatant aggression' by the British Prime Minister.
▪ The President promised to use all his powers to prevent further aggression.
▪ A society of families both constrains male aggressions and channels them toward the protection and support of family and society.
▪ He played in an ecstasy of sweat and aggression.
▪ Individual and group exercise programmes promote mobility and confidence, helping to diffuse anxiety and aggression.
▪ She said Scott never turned his aggression on her.
▪ Teenagers often make inappropriate responses to conflicts such as aggression, withdrawing, sulking, tantrums or destructive behaviour.
▪ They have begun to show aggression to each other.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Aggression \Ag*gres"sion\, n. [L. aggressio, fr. aggredi: cf. F. agression.] The first attack, or act of hostility; the first act of injury, or first act leading to a war or a controversy; unprovoked attack; assault; as, a war of aggression. ``Aggressions of power.''

Syn: Attack; offense; intrusion; provocation.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1610s, "unprovoked attack," from French aggression (16c.), from Latin aggressionem (nominative aggressio) "a going to, an attack," noun of action from past participle stem of aggredi "to approach; attack," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + gradi (past participle gressus) "to step," from gradus "a step" (see grade (n.)). Psychological sense of "hostile or destructive behavior" first recorded 1912 in A.A. Brill's translation of Freud.


n. 1 The act of initiating hostility or invasion. 2 The practice or habit of launching attacks. 3 hostile or destructive behavior or actions.

  1. n. a disposition to behave aggressively

  2. a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack [syn: aggressiveness]

  3. violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked [syn: hostility]

  4. the act of initiating hostilities

  5. deliberately unfriendly behavior

Aggression (poker)

In the game of poker, opens and raises are considered aggressive plays, while calls and checks are considered passive (though a check-raise would be considered a very aggressive play). It is said that "aggression has its own value", meaning that often aggressive plays can make money with weak hands because of bluff value. In general, opponents must respond to aggressive play by playing more loosely, which offers more opportunities to make mistakes.

While it is true that aggressive play is generally superior to passive play, using any play exclusively can lead to predictability. A player who is constantly aggressive and plays many inferior hands is called a "maniac", and skilled players will take advantage of him by calling him more often, using isolation plays, and by other means.

If a player is not aggressive with his weaker hands, the opponents can safely fold whenever the player does bet or raise. The appropriate amount of aggression can be computed using game theory, and depends on the game being played and the tendencies of the opponents.

Most theorists, like David Sklansky and Doyle Brunson, suggest aggression as an important tool. Aggressive play should not be confused with loose play. Loose players may play passively, resulting in a calling station, while tight players may play aggressively, referred to as a TAG. Aggression is called for in particular circumstances. Very strong starting hands should be played very aggressively most of the time. A very strong propositional hand – one that is more likely to win with a straight or a flush – is one of the hands that can be played for effect with an aggressive style. Such aggression is deceptive, as the low and unpaired ranks of the starting hand require much improvement to win. This is beneficial for two reasons:

  • When the hand improves, the preceding aggression has increased the size of the pot, meaning a larger win.
  • On future raises with more traditionally powerful hands, other players must consider that the aggressor's open or raise is indicative of a strong drawing hand as opposed to a high pair.

The second reasoning is what is known as "advertising" in poker. It can be very profitable for a player to convince the other players at the table that he is willing to gamble with less than premium cards. The result is larger pots when the aggressive player has tremendously strong hands.


Aggression is overt, often harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other unpleasantness upon another individual. It may occur either in retaliation or without provocation. In humans, frustration due to blocked goals can cause aggression. Human aggression can be classified into direct and indirect aggression, whilst the first is characterized by physical or verbal behavior intended to cause harm to someone, the second one is characterized by a behavior intended to harm social relations of an individual or a group.

In definitions commonly used in the social sciences and behavioral sciences, aggression is a response by an individual that delivers something unpleasant to another person. Some definitions include that the individual must intend to harm another person. Predatory or defensive behavior between members of different species may not be considered aggression in the same sense.

Aggression can take a variety of forms, which may be expressed physically, or communicated verbally or non-verbally: including anti-predator aggression, defensive aggression (fear-induced), predatory aggression, dominance aggression, inter-male aggression, resident-intruder aggression, maternal aggression, species-specific aggression, sex-related aggression, territorial aggression, isolation-induced aggression, irritable aggression, and brain-stimulation-induced aggression (hypothalamus). There are two subtypes of human aggression: (1) controlled-instrumental subtype (purposeful or goal-oriented); and (2) reactive-impulsive subtype (often elicits uncontrollable actions that are inappropriate or undesirable). Aggression differs from what is commonly called assertiveness, although the terms are often used interchangeably among laypeople (as in phrases such as "an aggressive salesperson").

Aggression (disambiguation)

Aggression may refer to:

  • Aggression, behavior between members of the same species that is intended to cause pain or harm.
  • Non-aggression principle, the initiation of force (or force substitute) against another moral agent
  • War of aggression, a military conflict waged without international legality
  • Aggression (poker), plays such as opens, raises and a check-raise
  • Agression (band), an American rock band
  • The Aggression, a 1988 German film
  • WWF Aggression, a 2000 hip hop album

Usage examples of "aggression".

As a result one may aggress towards objects as an acceptable outlet of the aggression.

Iraq can be prevented from new aggression, even after he acquires nuclear weapons, by a strategy of deterrence, just as the Soviet Union was for forty-five years.

United States and the Soviet Union during the latter half of the Cold War, when both superpowers recognized that there was no possible gain from aggression that was worth the risk of an escalation to nuclear warfare and so generally refrained from any provocative moves toward each other.

When confronted with a problem, he has generally reacted with aggression and justified his offensives with distortions and convoluted logic.

Even if Saddam intended only to threaten Kuwait, he should have recognized that such a demonstration of recidivist aggression would only ensure that the sanctions were maintained even longer, which is in fact what happened.

He has a twenty-eight-year pattern of aggression, violence, miscalculation, and purposeful underestimation of the consequences of his actions that should give real pause to anyone considering whether to allow him to acquire nuclear weapons.

There is no question that the world would be better off if Saddam did not have these weapons, but the danger is considerably less than if Saddam were allowed to acquire nuclear weapons, which he believes will deter the United States and Israel and thereby would encourage him to engage in the kind of foreign aggression that would be likely to provoke a nuclear crisis.

Iraqi aggression, and spend resources and effort working to convince Saddam that we really would defend Kuwait with our own nuclear arsenal.

Iraqi attacks on American forces in the region would be acts of unprovoked aggression and would galvanize international support for the invasion.

Although a successor Sunni general almost certainly would not be as willing as Saddam to take risks, interpret reality to suit his needs, and pursue an expansive foreign policy based on aggression, it would still be tough to accept what would look like a Saddam clone.

But ask yourself if you truly are willing to bet your savings, your job, or your life that Saddam Hussein will not use a nuclear weapon or embark on some new aggression in the belief that his nuclear weapons will deter the United States.

Her allies in the East, Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Rumania and Yugoslavia, suddenly were faced with the fact that France would not fight against German aggression to preserve the security system which the French government itself had taken the lead in so laboriously building up.

Wehrmacht chiefs and the Foreign Minister were confronted with specific dates for actual aggression against two neighboring countries - an action which they were sure would bring on a European war.

This is the first mention of a telegram that was to pop up throughout the frantic events of the next few hours and which would be used to perpetrate the swindle by which Hitler justified his aggression to the German people and to the foreign offices of the world.

At any rate, it was believed at least in Prague and London that Hitler was about to launch aggression against Czechoslovakia.