Afsana may refer to:
- A style of short stories in Urdu literature
- Afsana (film), a 1951 Bollywood film directed by Baldev Raj Chopra
- Sanjay Afsana, a fictional character on the HBO drama Oz played by Conrad Lindsey
Afsana is a 1951 Bollywood family drama film. It was the directorial debut of Baldev Raj Chopra and starred Ashok Kumar as twin brothers, starting a trend for such dual roles. It co-starred Veena, Pran, Kuldip Kaur, Jeevan, Cuckoo, and Baby Tabassum. The story was written by I. S. Johar and the music composed by Husnlal Bhagatram.