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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
sentence adverb
▪ But the grammarian is tongue-tied without his labels: noun, adjective, verb, adverb, conjunction, pronoun.
▪ Characteristic activity: necessarily occurring with adverbs like always and continually.
▪ Further, there are no adverbs or adverbial phrases except those of time and place.
▪ He provided frames to enable anyone to derive four major word classes - noun, verb, adjective and adverb.
▪ Other two-syllable words such as adverbs and prepositions seem to behave like verbs and adjectives.
▪ Qualifying adjectives and adverbs should be avoided and the use of unadorned nouns and verbs relied on.
▪ This judgement is supported by the paradoxical result of replacing the adverb by its antonym:?
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Adverb \Ad"verb\, n. [L. adverbium; ad + verbum word, verb: cf. F. adverbe.] (Gram.) A word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., from Late Latin adverbium "adverb," literally "that which is added to a verb," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + verbum "verb, word" (see verb). Coined by Flavius Sosipater Charisius as a translation of Greek epirrhema "adverb," from epi- "upon, on" + rhema "verb."


n. (context grammar English) A word that modify a verb, adjective, other adverbs, or various other types of words, phrases, or clauses.

  1. n. the word class that qualifies verbs or clauses

  2. a word that modifies something other than a noun


An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence. Adverbs typically express manner, place, time, frequency, degree, level of certainty, etc., answering questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?. This function is called the adverbial function, and may be realised by single words (adverbs) or by multi-word expressions ( adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses).

Adverbs are traditionally regarded as one of the parts of speech. However, modern linguists note that it has come to be used as a kind of "catch-all" category, used to classify words with various different types of syntactic behavior, not necessarily having much in common except that they do not fit into any of the other available categories (noun, adjective, preposition, etc.)

Usage examples of "adverb".

They are Article, Noun, Adjective, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection.

You start with that adverb, and then you follow it with an adverbial clause, and then you follow all that with an adjective.

There are certain times when an adverb or an adverbial phrase can be used to establish the motivation.

We must caution the would-be novelist to use adverbs and adverbial clauses sparingly.

Count the adverbs or adverbial clauses in your first chapter and decide if you have used them sparingly.

He had a cunning mastery of periphrasis, and a telling command of adverbs.

Latin purists, my apologies for using the word boni as an adjective and an adverb as well as as a noun.

I should mention that some Quenya adverbs are derived from other parts of speech than adjectives.

Dialogue heavily weighted with adverbs after the attributive verb is cluttery and annoying.

Just as I thought that my mind would go down with the adverbs, I arrived at the predictably happy ending.

Scientists would be less embarrassed if they used a language, on the model of Amerindian Nootka, consisting of verbs and adverbs, and leaving off nouns and adjectives.

Amerindian Nootka, consisting of verbs and adverbs, and leaving off nouns and adjectives.

Since we have only a handful of words that Tolkien explicitly identified as adverbs, but plenty of adjectives, it would be nice if we could pin down a Quenya adverb-former like the English ending -ly.

In closing, I should mention that some Quenya adverbs are derived from other parts of speech than adjectives.

Summary of Lesson Ten: Adverbs are words used to fill in extra information about the how, the when, or the where of the verbal action described in a sentence.