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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Adjudication \Ad*ju`di*ca"tion\, n. [L. adjudicatio: cf. F. adjudication.]

  1. The act of adjudicating; the act or process of trying and determining judicially.

  2. A deliberate determination by the judicial power; a judicial decision or sentence. ``An adjudication in favor of natural rights.''

  3. (Bankruptcy practice) The decision upon the question whether the debtor is a bankrupt.

  4. (Scots Law) A process by which land is attached security or in satisfaction of a debt.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1690s, from French adjudication or directly from Late Latin adiudicationem (nominative adiudicatio), noun of action from past participle stem of adiudicare (see adjudge).


n. 1 The act of adjudicate, of reaching a judgement. 2 A judgment or sentence. 3 (context legal English) The decision upon the question of whether the debtor is a bankrupt. 4 (emergency response) The process of identifying the type of material or device that set off an alarm and assessing the potential threat with corresponding implications for the need to take further action. 5 (context legal Scotland English) A process by which land is attached as security or in satisfaction of a debt.


n. the final judgment in a legal proceeding; the act of pronouncing judgment based on the evidence presented


Adjudication is the legal process by which an arbiter or judge reviews evidence and argumentation, including legal reasoning set forth by opposing parties or litigants to come to a decision which determines rights and obligations between the parties involved. Three types of disputes are resolved through adjudication:

  1. Disputes between private parties, such as individuals or corporations.
  2. Disputes between private parties and public officials.
  3. Disputes between public officials or public bodies.

Usage examples of "adjudication".

Normally the adjudication committee would have refused to allow them to withdraw, but I requested they bend the Rules on this one occasion.

By the solemn adjudication of courts, and under the safeguards of law, the fact of guilt is to be established, and the guilty punished.

It is our pride that our townsman, David Davis, was among the ablest of the great court, by whose adjudication renewed vigor was given to the Constitution, and enduring safeguards established for national life and individual liberty.

A parallel ambivalence pervades both practice and adjudication under the Constitution from the beginning.

An adjudication in bankruptcy is no longer requisite to the exercise of bankruptcy jurisdiction.

In 1867 the debtor for the first time was permitted, either before or after adjudication of bankruptcy, to propose terms of composition which would become binding upon acceptance by a designated majority of his creditors and confirmation by a bankruptcy court.

United States, might not, without any special authority for that purpose, in the then existing state of things, have empowered the officers commanding the armed vessels of the United States, to seize and send into port for adjudication, American vessels which were forfeited by being engaged in this illicit commerce.

Constitution which precludes Congress from making criminal the violation of an administrative regulation, by one who has failed to avail himself of an adequate separate procedure for the adjudication of its validity, or which precludes the practice, in many ways desirable, of splitting the trial for violations of an administrative regulation by committing the determination of the issue of its validity to the agency which created it, and the issue of violation to a court which is given jurisdiction to punish violations.

Court refused to take jurisdiction of a suit in equity brought by the United States to determine the navigability of the New and Kanawha Rivers on the ground that the jurisdiction in such suits is limited to cases and controversies and does not extend to the adjudication of mere differences of opinion between the officials of the two governments.

State A, such adjudication of domicile was held not to bind one subsequently appointed as domiciliary administrator c.

Also, in a suit to enforce double liability, brought in Rhode Island against a stockholder in a Kansas trust company, the courts of Rhode Island were held to be obligated to extend recognition to the statutes and court decisions of Kansas whereunder it is established that a Kansas judgment recovered by a creditor against the trust company is not only conclusive as to the liability of the corporation but also an adjudication binding each stockholder therein.

The fact is that the duty of such adjudication on a basis no less narrow has been committed to this Court.

State of Texas filed an original petition in the Supreme Court, in which it asserted that its claim, together with those of three other States, exceeded the value of the estate, that the portion of the estate within Texas alone would not suffice to discharge its own tax, and that its efforts to collect its tax might be defeated by adjudications of domicile by the other States.

Within twenty-four hours of listening to Bashkir business disputes, he felt as if he had been incarcerated in the Forum of Adjudication for twenty-four years.

Khagggun barracks and even nearer the Forum of Adjudication, where Bashkir butted heads over who was making more coins.