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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a good/keen/acute sense of sth
▪ Pigs have a keen sense of smell.
acute embarrassment (=very strong and not lasting very long)
▪ There was a moment of acute embarrassment when we realized people were watching.
acute (=becoming serious very quickly)
▪ A lot of illnesses can be either acute or chronic.
acutemedical (= a serious infection that develops suddenly)
▪ The disease usually occurs as an acute infection of the throat.
acute/deep/high anxiety
▪ The patient's panic attacks are caused by acute anxiety.
an acute embarrassment (=extremely severe and important)
▪ Her memoirs were an acute embarrassment to the president.
an acute shortage (=very bad)
▪ They were suffering because of an acute shortage of doctors and nurses.
▪ My hearing isn't as good as it used to be.
▪ Owls and other predatory birds have very acute hearing.
intense/acute/violent etc dislike (=very strong dislike)
▪ His colleagues regarded him with intense dislike.
▪ I suffered a dislocation as acute as when I arrived in this country.
▪ But while cynics often serve as acute commentators, they seldom make for effective organizational leaders.
▪ The dilemma facing the parents of a seriously ill child was especially acute.
▪ And the overlap could be especially acute in this deal, because both companies are major producers of missiles and radar.
▪ Upper respiratory tract infections, especially acute otitis media, are the most important determinants for the development of an effusion.
▪ This may become an especially acute problem for a newly installed revolutionary regime, for example the Soviet Union.
▪ It is an especially acute problem when we consider party elites, since they are Janus-faced.
▪ These are especially acute where a substantial private company is being acquired in a Reverse or Super Class One transaction.
▪ The problem is less acute in specialist fields identified to one particular agency.
▪ The problem is less acute with phrases and sentences because there the speaker or writer is more fully on his own.
▪ In botany the theoretical debate was less acute, although the prospect for the practical application of scientific knowledge was greater.
▪ These differences are perhaps more acute on an intellectual level than in reality.
▪ After two thousand years, the problem is more acute now than it was in the time of Rome.
▪ For display through a television, one image needs about 800 kilobytes, making the storage problem even more acute.
▪ Meanwhile, the internal situation was becoming more acute for the Herrera administration.
▪ Without the newcomers many more villages would be ghost villages and the social demoralization would be even more acute.
▪ Hers is clearly a more acute and dismal spiral than his own.
▪ In the middle of a recession this is even more acute.
▪ It was a whole new experience, and at first it made my own feeling of being a fraud even more acute.
▪ The difficulties are most acute for those associations specialising in short-term accommodation and for those finding housing for refugees and asylum seekers.
▪ To Warthen, the declines of Bochtler and Veras were most acute.
▪ That has now been reduced to 15 and the problem is at its most acute in East Swindon.
▪ The fish's sense of smell is most acute.
▪ The most acute of Derry's housing problems was the Springtown Camp.
▪ It has become standard practice to picture the two cultures as standing in the most acute opposition at that time.
▪ Dissonances are most acute when the dissonant voices are close together.
▪ Identity crises are often most acute when family and marriage identity collapses.
▪ The situation is particularly acute in remand centres and local prisons.
▪ That responsibility is particularly acute in the Republican race.
▪ The problem is particularly acute for computers.
▪ It was seen as particularly acute in June for S4 pupils.
▪ The problem seemed particularly acute among young gay men and gay men of color.
▪ The problem of remand prisoners, is particularly acute.
▪ These feelings were particularly acute for the branch managers in the securities firms.
▪ However, the complications created by roots are not so acute when the tree is standing on level land.
▪ After a few days I started to develop backache in the lumbar region so acute that I could hardly move.
▪ There are people who are convinced that the problem is so acute that lasting damage has already been done.
▪ Novelists are weirdos with sensitivities wide-ranging but so acute that they can hardly bear the company of others.
▪ Some have hearing which is so acute that they can detect insects as tiny as a midge up to 60 feet away.
▪ The oral shield is large and distinctly pentagonal, the proximal angle is often very acute.
▪ One would be a very acute, severe degree of disturbance.
▪ Nor do they branch off at acute angles or form perfect oblongs.
▪ Has more yellow on bill than smaller Bewick's Swan, reaching below nostril at an acute angle.
▪ You must have the ability to turn at acute angles at speed and you must be able to stretch and bend.
▪ Patients taking Ativan and Valium for long periods may suffer acute anxiety when they stop.
▪ He suffered, like Vincent, from depressive attacks, of a kind now seen as indicating acute anxiety neurosis.
▪ It is not and an acute anxiety attack will not harm you.
▪ It can gum up the intestine or cause acute appendicitis.
▪ True, one can not postpone an operation for acute appendicitis.
▪ In September 1989 I was taken into hospital with the classic symptoms of acute appendicitis.
▪ The tough rugby player at first put the pain of his acute appendicitis down to the after-effects of his stag night.
▪ The ensuing symptoms are often difficult to distinguish from those of an acute attack of asthma.
▪ Two groups of medications are employed: those used to treat the acute attack and those used prophylactically.
▪ However it is still worth trying one of the following remedies for an acute attack.
▪ In addition, oxygen inhalations are given to abort the acute attacks.
▪ This was the patient who was studied 29 months after his most recent acute attack.
▪ An acute attack of dizziness while doing my sit-ups.
▪ These patients were studied 15, 6, and 4 months after their most recent acute attack.
▪ Is it present constantly, does the sensation wax and wane, or does it come in acute attacks?
▪ The hour of acute awareness was running out into the usual hopeless analysis of a hopeless situation, the usual emotional slush.
▪ The numbers of acute beds that a service needs has long been a contentious issue.
▪ Nevertheless, Professor Morgan highlighted concern about whether there was an adequate number of both acute beds and long-term residential places.
▪ Will they have to contract for rehabilitation services separate from the contract for acute beds?
▪ The health sector provides community nursing, long-stay care and day hospital places as well as acute beds.
▪ Intravenous beta blockade also has a place in acute care in selected patients.
▪ We re licensed as an acute care facility.
▪ In acute care there will be pressure from rapid bed turnover, which emphasises the importance of early preparation for discharge.
▪ Yet we continue to respond with an acute care system of high-technology hospitals and highly trained doctors.
▪ So will closing these hospitals improve acute care?
▪ For many patients, acute care came in county or city general hospitals where patients with contagious diseases were sent.
▪ The structure that I have suggested is sufficiently robust to halt that slide and ensure that acute care remains free throughout.
▪ In acute diseases it is generally adequate to look only at the symptoms of the acute disease itself.
▪ In addition, samples containing granulomatous lesions from patients with acute disease should be most likely to contain a causative pathogen.
▪ Truelove and Witt's criteria were originally developed to classify acute disease attacks and therefore do not include a category for remission.
▪ Strangles is an acute disease caused by infection with a bacteria called Streptococcus Equi.
▪ The prospect of Hitler's trial in the aftermath of the failed putsch caused the Bavarian authorities acute embarrassment.
▪ To my acute embarrassment, the children seemed far more interested in meeting some one from television.
▪ Early in her first premiership it caused her a moment of acute embarrassment.
▪ The bust was an acute embarrassment to Curtis who, in 1970, was the anti-smoking lobby's most famous disciple.
▪ Secondly, share-pushing raised in acute form a problem which bedevils much of civil law.
▪ Most of the conflicts concerning agriculture and amenity also occur in a particularly acute form on the urban fringe.
▪ As might be expected from the study of mortality data acute health problems are not equally distributed throughout the population.
▪ It appears that for acute health problems older people are little different, in terms of prevalence, from younger age groups.
▪ It is essential that Londoners have the same rights of access to acute health care as their provincial counterparts.
▪ A similar trend is evident for acute health problems.
▪ One source of data about self-reported acute health problems is the General Household Survey.
▪ The relationship is less obvious for acute health problems.
▪ Three cases of severe acute hepatitis have been reported in association with piroxicam.
▪ Only about 30/-40% of patients with hepatitis B develop clinically apparent acute hepatitis.
▪ Although changes in liver function tests are very rare, three cases of severe acute hepatitis secondary to piroxicam have been reported.
▪ Over half the patients who acquire acute hepatitis C virus infection develop chronic hepatitis.
▪ The reported incidence of acute hepatitis B virus in the general population increased by 37 percent from 1979 to 1989.
▪ Severe acute hepatitis immediately after intravenous amiodarone has been reported four times.
▪ Patients still need to recuperate but do not need to stay in an acute hospital to do so.
▪ This in turn underpins the move to decentralised care and the stripping away of much that is done in acute hospitals today.
▪ For many patients, irrespective of age, admission to an acute hospital constitutes only one phase of their medical career.
▪ They have demonstrated that it is possible to construct systems of clinical budgeting in acute hospitals.
▪ Little is known about the attitudes of older people towards the services offered by the acute hospital sector.
▪ At the time of his death he was a member of the review team on acute hospital services in Northern Ireland.
▪ These were acute hospitals providing a full range of services to a population of about 100,000 - 150,000.
▪ Those aged 65 + are, therefore, the largest single consumer group of the services provided by acute hospitals.
▪ However, unless an accident or acute illness was associated with onset, memory problems are likely to confuse the result.
▪ Young physicians, trained in medical school according to an acute illness model, found Carville an unusual place.
▪ Let us look at an example of acute illness that would naturally resolve in time.
▪ If you have built up some experience using the remedies then you will find the 30 an excellent potency for acute illness.
▪ In treating acute illnesses there are only two outcomes to giving the wrong low potency remedy.
▪ They may be impatient, hurried and quick tempered in an acute illness.
▪ The three month limit should cover most acute illnesses, especially if it can be extended when necessary.
▪ Some one might question why acute illness should merit free care while chronic ones should not.
▪ The rare acute infection shows dyspnoea and violent cough, with white-yellow, occasionally bloody, sputum.
▪ This gave way to an acute infection of the liver, and on 9 February, 1883, he died.
▪ In contrast, an IgG and IgA response to this antigen has been reported in children with acute infection.
▪ In acute infections, there is anaemia and lassitude and occasionally respiratory embarrassment.
▪ Viruses, cancer and acute Infection Viruses attack cells by several distinct routes.
▪ Little is known of the fundamental aspects of the immunology of chronic infection versus acute infection in giardiasis.
▪ Monica Dunnell, Terry's wife, is gradually recovering from an acute infection.
▪ In this regard, increased plasma renin activity and decreased renal prostaglandin production have been reported in patients with acute liver failure.
▪ Mrs Barnett, 35, suffered acute liver failure after a rare reaction to a drug.
▪ The site of increased resistance in patients with acute liver failure has not been clearly established.
▪ The aetiology of acute liver failure was viral hepatitis in all but one patients.
▪ This may indicate that other factors also play an important role in increasing hepatic venous pressure gradient in acute liver failure.
▪ The present study also shows a high prevalence of ascites in patients with acute liver failure.
▪ Central nervous system treatment in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: long-term follow-up of patients diagnosed between 1973 and 1985.
▪ Second neoplasms after acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood.
▪ Late multifocal gliomas in adolescents previously treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
▪ Conventional compared with individualized chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
▪ Second malignancies in patients treated for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
▪ This was a drug that would ease the acute pain that crucifixion brought to the victim.
▪ One of the most promising areas to find answers is in the treatment of acute pain.
▪ They may suffer sickness, vomiting or acute pain, but they do not die.
▪ Chronic pain is continuous and unassociated with the physiological responses to acute pain such as sweating and tachycardia.
▪ Four patients died of acute pancreatitis and its complications.
▪ The values of amylase and lipase activity are significantly elevated in acute pancreatitis and obstruction of the pancreatic duct.
▪ In this study, 43% of patients developed acute pancreatitis.
▪ Iii most cases of acute pancreatitis, the lipase activity Stays elevated longer than amylase activity. 321-328.
▪ The therapeutic implications of the present findings are to be established in acute pancreatitis.
▪ PLA2 has been considered earlier to act mainly as a harmful agent in the pathology of various inflammatory diseases including acute pancreatitis.
▪ In acute pancreatitis, the catalytic activity of PLA2 in serum correlates with the severity of the disease.
▪ Similarly, there are mild disturbances only of acute phase reactants in chronic viral hepatitis.
▪ Compounds containing aspirin or acetaminophen with or without codeine and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are useful for pain control during the acute phase.
▪ The acute phase response also involves changes in the plasma concentrations of a number of liver synthesised proteins.
▪ From an observer's point of view this adhoc approach to eternity and salvation poses acute problems of description.
▪ Chronic and acute problems associated with sickle cell anaemia.
▪ Because Britain had been producing nuclear power longer than most other countries, this was a particularly acute problem.
▪ This may become an especially acute problem for a newly installed revolutionary regime, for example the Soviet Union.
▪ It is an especially acute problem when we consider party elites, since they are Janus-faced.
▪ Furthermore, he had an acute sense of deviation from the norm in any society.
▪ This changeless spell brought an acute sense of temporariness and the feeling of inevitability fading with the dusk.
▪ His acute sense of observation was remarkable, and his pictures show how sensitive he was to his surroundings.
▪ He has an acute sense of priority.
▪ As he did so, he felt a great sadness, an acute sense of loss, filling his entire being.
▪ I had an acute sense of the absence of Alison, of the probably permanent loss of her.
▪ The theory would have to be tested, of course, but the body has an acute sense of self-preservation, you know.
▪ There's an acute sense of having been betrayed or wronged.
▪ As part of its general consultation process, Greater Glasgow health board consulted in respect of its acute services strategy for Glasgow.
▪ It now seems likely that 65 percent. of acute services could be trust-based by April 1993.
▪ In both areas there is an acute shortage of expertise at the Garden.
▪ And once again the acute shortage of materials was noticeable.
▪ They acknowledged that there was an acute shortage of nurses throughout the country and concluded that a training scheme should be organised.
▪ The acute shortage of time was a problem that everyone felt.
▪ Although recently the Association has been enabled to take on some 250 full-time archaeologists, there is still an acute shortage.
▪ Will he accept that there is indeed an acute shortage of intensive care beds for children?
▪ There's an acute shortage of good land.
▪ Gedge was determined that the band would release a single, despite an acute shortage of money.
acute tuberculosis
▪ De Tocqueville was an acute observer of American ways.
▪ In San Diego, the shortage of skilled workers is acute.
▪ Nowhere is the problem more acute than Los Angeles County, where gang-related homicide is on the increase.
▪ Patients suffering from acute depression may well need medication.
▪ Patients with acute lower back pain often do well with bed rest and painkillers.
▪ She was taken to the hospital suffering from acute appendicitis.
▪ Simmons' book is an acute analysis of Middle Eastern history.
▪ Solving the problem will require acute perception and subtle communication.
▪ The impact of the problem has been especially acute in New England.
▪ There are acute shortages of food and medical equipment.
▪ Boston employers are facing an acute labour shortage with potentially serious consequences for economic growth.
▪ I suffered a dislocation as acute as when I arrived in this country.
▪ It was seen as particularly acute in June for S4 pupils.
▪ The more serious effects include acute confusional states, tachycardia, urinary retention, and aggravation of glaucoma.
▪ The problem is less acute with phrases and sentences because there the speaker or writer is more fully on his own.
▪ There are no studies on the effect of acute alcohol intake on gastric secretion in the chronic alcoholic patient.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Acute \A*cute"\, a. [L. acutus, p. p. of acuere to sharpen, fr. a root ak to be sharp. Cf. Ague, Cute, Edge.]

  1. Sharp at the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; -- opposed to blunt or obtuse; as, an acute angle; an acute leaf.

  2. Having nice discernment; perceiving or using minute distinctions; penetrating; clever; shrewd; -- opposed to dull or stupid; as, an acute observer; acute remarks, or reasoning.

  3. Having nice or quick sensibility; susceptible to slight impressions; acting keenly on the senses; sharp; keen; intense; as, a man of acute eyesight, hearing, or feeling; acute pain or pleasure.

  4. High, or shrill, in respect to some other sound; -- opposed to grave or low; as, an acute tone or accent.

  5. (Med.) Attended with symptoms of some degree of severity, and coming speedily to a crisis; -- opposed to chronic; as, an acute disease.

    Acute angle (Geom.), an angle less than a right angle.

    Syn: Subtile; ingenious; sharp; keen; penetrating; sagacious; sharp-witted; shrewd; discerning; discriminating. See Subtile.


Acute \A*cute"\, v. t. To give an acute sound to; as, he acutes his rising inflection too much. [R.]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

late 14c., originally of fevers and diseases, "coming and going quickly" (opposed to a chronic), from Latin acutus "sharp, pointed," figuratively "shrill, penetrating; intelligent, cunning," past participle of acuere "sharpen" (see acuity). Meaning "sharp, irritating" is from early 15c. Meaning "intense" is from 1727. Related: Acutely; acuteness.

  1. 1 urgent. 2 sensitive. 3 short, quick, brief. n. (context orthography English) An acute accent. v

  2. (context phonetics English) To give an acute sound to.

  1. adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course; "acute appendicitis"; "the acute phase of the illness"; "acute patients" [ant: chronic]

  2. extremely sharp or intense; "acute pain"; "felt acute annoyance"; "intense itching and burning" [syn: intense]

  3. having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions; "an acute observer of politics and politicians"; "incisive comments"; "icy knifelike reasoning"; "as sharp and incisive as the stroke of a fang"; "penetrating insight"; "frequent penetrative observations" [syn: discriminating, incisive, keen, knifelike, penetrating, penetrative, piercing, sharp]

  4. of an angle; less than 90 degrees [ant: obtuse]

  5. ending in a sharp point [syn: acuate, sharp, needlelike]

  6. of critical importance and consequence; "an acute (or critical) lack of research funds"


n. a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation [syn: acute accent, ague]


Acute may refer to:

  • Acute accent
  • Acute angle
  • Acute triangle
  • Acute leaf shape
  • Acute (medicine)
  • Acute (phonetic)
  • Acute toxicity
Acute (medicine)

In medicine, an acute disease is a disease, a short course, or both.

Acute may be used to distinguish a disease from a chronic form, such as acute leukemia and chronic leukemia, or to highlight the sudden onset of a disease, such as acute myocardial infarction. The word "acute" may also be used in the context of medicine to refer to the acute phase of injury, meaning the immediate post-injury healing processes.

Usage examples of "acute".

The experience of hearing other women relive abusive experiences gave this patient acute anxiety attacks.

A case is reported on the page before me of a soldier affected with acute inflammation in the chest, who took successively aconite, bryonia, nux vomica, and pulsatilla, and after thirty-eight days of treatment remained without any important change in his disease.

I should rather say--of the intensest acuteness, and-- and of the acutest intensity.

The branches and branchlets are tense and straight, crowded, adpressed and acute.

Hence, the palpitation of the heart, dyspepsia or acute attacks of indigestion, with colicky pains and heaviness after meals, with eructations or belchings of gas, or local discomfort and unnatural action affecting, at different times, almost every organ of the body.

The acute ailment reproduced itself in her daughter in spite of an otherwise vigorous constitution.

Some acute ailments are attended by greater risks of a relapse during convalescence, and this applies particularly to those affecting respiration.

I plan to have a huge party, and then develop an acute attack of amnesia for the next ten years.

But a high amylase could also indicate other acute abdominal processes.

Acute articular rheumatism implies an affection of the articulations or joints.

Acute articular rheumatism is always accompanied with more or less fever.

Sub-acute articular rheumatism is not always chronic, and may disappear in a shorter time than in the acute form.

What astonished the most acute was that this wonderful treaty was conceived and carried out by a young ambassador who had hitherto been famed only as a wit.

The symptoms and auscultatory signs of chronic bronchitis are on the whole similar to those pertaining to the acute form, except that the febrile disturbance and pain are much less marked.

The emptiness of my stomach and the shock I had undergone began to stupefy me, and for a few moments I forgot my anguish only to re-awaken to acuter pains soon after.