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Answer for the clue "A semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum", 5 letters:
chyme

Word definitions for chyme in dictionaries

The Collaborative International Dictionary Word definitions in The Collaborative International Dictionary
Chyme \Chyme\, n. [L. chymus chyle, Gr. ? juice, like ?, fr. ? to pour: cf. F. chyme. See Chyle .] (Physiol.) The pulpy mass of semi-digested food in the small intestines just after its passage from the stomach. It is separated in the intestines into chyle...

Wiktionary Word definitions in Wiktionary
n. The thick semifluid mass of partly digested food that is passed from the stomach to the duodenum.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary Word definitions in Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
early 15c., "bodily fluid;" c.1600 in specific sense of "mass of semi-liquid food in the stomach," from Latin chymus , from Greek khymos , nearly identical to khylos (see chyle ) and meaning essentially the same thing. Differentiated by Galen, who used...

WordNet Word definitions in WordNet
n. a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum

Wikipedia Word definitions in Wikipedia
Chyme or chymus (; from Greek χυμός khymos , "juice") is the semifluid mass of partly digested food that is expelled by the stomach , through the pyloric valve , into the duodenum (the beginning of the small intestine ). Chyme results from the mechanical...

Usage examples of chyme.

The transformation of starch into sugar, which is almost, if not entirely, suspended while the food remains in the stomach, owing to the acidity of the chyme, is resumed in the duodenum, the acid of the chyme, being neutralized by the alkaline secretions there encountered.

Incandenza'd open up and pour his heart's thickest chyme right out there for all to be affected and potentially scarred by.

A match-sore Hal not limping but stiff-legged and shoulders slightly rolling as he and Troeltsch move serpentine around tables, steering way clear of the custodian and dull-steel bucket on rollers and the mop spreading and diluting Makulic's chyme out in a thinning circle that clears three tables, which Hal and Troeltsch avoid with practiced curves around tables whose layout they all know well, Hal to say Hey and How's the Limb, Troeltsch to say Hey and be basically relieved he's away from a discussion of females as sexual objects.