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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English


a Christmas tree (=a decorated tree that people have in their homes at Christmas)
▪ Put the gifts under the Christmas tree.
a tree loses/sheds its leaves (=the leaves come off the tree)
▪ Most trees shed their leaves in the autumn.
Christmas tree
family tree
fruit trees
▪ a large garden with fruit trees
▪ a small grove of beech trees
gum tree
palm tree
phone tree
pine tree
plane tree
tea tree oil
the top...the tree (=the highest position in a profession)
▪ the groups that are currently at the top of the tree in the pop world
tree line
tree stump
▪ an old tree stump
tree surgery
tree trunk
▪ He left his bicycle leaning against a tree trunk.
▪ Nomatterhow big the tree may grow, the same branching rule goes on being applied at the tips of all its twigs.
▪ They had these big old trees, too.
▪ It was still too hot so we all left the field for the shade of the big tree.
▪ Instead, here the loggers had come in and simply cut the biggest trees, leaving the rest.
▪ Children swinging on the big walnut tree. 4.
▪ Will: He had two big tree friends that could see everywhere all around.
▪ Great big trees, mountains - that sort of thing - I've got some postcards.
▪ We talked of the big trees in California.
▪ He would make the Britches impenetrable, tackle the dead trees and plant saplings.
▪ And with my eyes closed, I felt low sullen waters wash about a dead tree on a midnight pond.
▪ Julie fell dead beneath a tree, its lower branches hacked off in the frenzied attack.
▪ The official state brochure for the place had not one word about the dead trees, although I was surrounded by thern.
▪ Unusual numbers of dead holly trees with senescent branches or main trunks; 2.
▪ It had been going on since 1963 and was continued despite the fact that dead trees proved to be very effective cover.
▪ I collect snow and start off for the nearest dead tree with the big knife and an axe.
▪ Last February, a National Guard unit cut down the dead trees.
▪ For patron-saint days in the country the table was usually prepared out of doors, in the shade of a large tree.
▪ There, during an eight-year period in the late 1970s and early 1980s, large trees began dying in rapid succession.
▪ The cat was creeping stealthily through a patch of long grass towards the foot of the largest tree.
▪ A large palo verde tree beckons as a shady retreat.
▪ All this lowland country was covered in thick bush, and large trees bordered the river and streams.
▪ Another work detail had been given the task of getting large trees to serve as the rafters for the roof.
▪ A stream flows nearby, bubbling and gurgling, and you sit beneath a large, shady tree.
▪ The seeds are everywhere, and every gust releases another great crowd from every large sugar maple tree.
▪ She stared at the winter world through every aspect of this old tree.
▪ Directly ahead, a pair of stately old coconut trees burst into flame.
▪ Mr Preston had recently cleared out his old trees and planted new young ones.
▪ How old are the old trees of the Ancient Forest?
▪ We stand like three old trees in winter, quivering in the gloom.
▪ One summer night we sat outside under the gnarled 100-year-#old trees and talked while his mom finished fixing dinner.
▪ And old people, like gnarled old trees, attracted him.
▪ Here was a natural progression of young trees, old trees, and decaying fallen trees.
▪ The chemistry lab carefully hidden under two olive trees.
▪ Tom Kitain to its freshly dug grave by a grove of olive and cypress trees.
▪ The Chianti region is full of hills clad with ancient groves of silver-leaved olive trees.
▪ The river banks changed from jagged rock with little vegetation to luscious green slopes covered with olive trees.
▪ The studios are set back from the road and are shaded by the olive trees from which they derive their name.
▪ And they would never use anything other than olive oil from the nearest olive tree, and red wine vinegar.
▪ There was a grove of olive trees opposite the shop, on the other side of the main road.
▪ The biggest tragedy is in respect of the rooting out of thousands of olive trees, many of them ancient.
▪ The hedges are small trees that were planted very close together.
▪ I increased my speed toward him, but only to hastily reach a small maple tree next to the road between us.
▪ The slope was covered with white and yellow wild flowers, and near to the house was a cluster of small trees.
▪ I was so happy when I was able to have two beautiful small trees.
▪ He chose small trees because he wanted them cleared.
▪ Riker flew to the lone hill covered with tall brown grass and a few small trees.
▪ And then I lost him among the boulders and small trees that marked the course of the torrent.
▪ As a result of this phenomenon, the woods walker is actually more aware of the smaller trees.
▪ There were tall trees here and there on either side, oak and sycamore and ash and occasionally a sweet chestnut.
▪ With three air-force pilots along for the ride, James flew along a railroad track bordered by tall trees.
▪ So these early groups used the newly-acquired strength of their stems to grow very tall and become trees.
▪ Both sides of the stream were sandy and lined with big, tall palm trees.
▪ Many of the country roads are lined on either side with tall trees, at times breathtakingly beautiful.
▪ The valley was scrubby here: elephant grass, occasional tall trees, and dry rice paddies.
▪ Protected by high pearl-grey walls, the Palace is set in spacious grounds with many tall trees.
▪ In addition, date farmers are finding they can make good money by selling their tallest trees to landscapers.
▪ The sound had only been Isaac, but as Alan turned, he saw what was wrong with the trees.
▪ However, those who advocate a federal takeover of workers' compensation are barking up the wrong tree.
▪ In retrospect it now seems that both camps were barking up the wrong tree.
▪ They have maybe barked up the wrong tree.
▪ People who feel sorry for my old bridesmaid and travelling companion are barking up the wrong tree.
▪ Could he once again be barking up the wrong tree?
▪ There was definitely something wrong with those trees ahead.
▪ Can't help thinking that they are on the right track and it's we who are barking up the wrong tree.
▪ The deer were to be removed, because they ate young trees and crops.
▪ The young almond trees were crotch deep in river water.
▪ They turned into a dirt track flanked by very young gum trees.
▪ From there you do not hear the rustling of the few remaining dry beech leaves on young trees.
▪ Hope and youthful energy rose up in her again, like leaves on a young tree in spring.
▪ The snags offer safe nesting sites for birds, as thousands of young trees and plants sprout up on the surrounding riverbank.
▪ Avoid accidents with the strimmer by protecting young trees with plastic tubes or weed by hand.
▪ Everywhere the tops of the shoots of the young trees were browsed off.
▪ Presently he stopped and sat under the apple tree.
▪ I know she likes the blossoms of the apple trees in the twilight, but they are long gone.
▪ The hours spent beneath the apple tree assumed a distorted quality as though she were looking at them through an unfocused lens.
▪ Ash and sugar maple trees were shooting up among the apple trees in the remorseless struggle for light.
▪ And horseshoes and croquet and a grape arbor and apple trees?
▪ The apple trees covered the whole orchard and were very close together, most of their branches touching each other.
▪ That was how he got the idea about the apple trees for his story.
▪ From high noon to sundown we blazed and buzzed like hot island bees on sweet cherry trees.
▪ Across the field the bloom of the cherry tree, under which they had sat that morning, hung sodden and spoiled.
▪ There were 20 to 30 wild cherry trees, most about 20m tall.
▪ It was very windy and one of the new sightscreens had blown over, destroying an ornamental cherry tree.
▪ The garden was his domain; he had his rabbits to feed and the birds to admonish for ravaging his cherry trees.
▪ Peach and cherry trees are out in blossom, and we've seen quite a few birds.
▪ Death raced downstairs and out the front door to look in the baby carriage under the cherry tree.
▪ The cherry tree was coming into blossom, encouraged by the unseasonably warm sunshine.
▪ The familiar figure of Selwyn Hopkins sat on the bench under the horse chestnut tree, gazing out over the estuary.
▪ He got up in his night-shirt and looked incredulously out at the twigs of the stately chestnut tree in front of the castle.
▪ Ahead now was a road junction shaded by two big chestnut trees.
▪ She laughed as she watched the dove soar above the chestnut trees, which were already showing the first flecks of green.
▪ She sat on the chair by the window and gazed out at the wide lawns edged by chestnut trees.
▪ In minutes you can leave the sea for chestnut trees and olive groves.
▪ He watched the turn in the road by the chestnut trees.
▪ Rose and Dieter were watching from the shade of a chestnut tree, chatting in low voices and giggling.
▪ All that glitters may not be gold, but these decorations would add elegance and sparkle to any Christmas tree.
▪ The house was lit like a Christmas tree and shaped like a gigantic igloo.
▪ We've got our own Christmas tree to see to.
▪ Who would want a tumbleweed for a Christmas tree in a home resting among evergreens?
▪ We had a big Christmas tree once - ages ago, it was.
▪ Prevent pine-needle fall-out from covering your floors when removing your Christmas tree.
▪ They've switched the Christmas tree lights off, but apart from that, the station's pretty light.
▪ O Christmas tree, O Christmas tree / How brightly shine thy candles.
▪ By the 1870s Darwinians were using diagrams showing hypothetical family trees to account for relationships among species.
▪ Perhaps you can give me some help on the family tree.
▪ But after the revolution, many family trees were destroyed or forgotten, especially in the cities.
▪ The Arellanos have drug smuggling in their family tree.
▪ There also are successful family trees that grow both vertically and horizontally.
▪ Not only did the gods have family trees, they also had family squabbles.
▪ Her family tree included a former prime minister and the governor of Tokyo.
▪ Cairns itself is a spacious city with large areas of grass under low spreading forest trees and tall Alexander palms.
▪ Maybe I should draw those of other forest trees and bushes to go with these.
▪ There are oleander bushes and flame of the forest trees.
▪ And does the demise of the dogwood have some sort of larger meaning for the forest trees with which it associates?
▪ No forest trees could regrow naturally in these areas.
▪ A maple seed is heavy in comparison to the seeds of some forest trees.
▪ Drought resulted in decreased root growth and slower breakdown of soil litter, an important source of magnesium for forest trees.
▪ They are compelled to do this because most of the forest trees protect themselves against molesters with a poisonous sap.
▪ Also left are useful fruit trees, which are thus under selective pressures.
▪ I mention this to Yacouba and suggest his committee should consider planting acacia and fruit trees instead of eucalyptus.
▪ The fruit tree man grabbed us and hauled us through a jungle of fruit trees.
▪ Now, fruit trees are sprayed to cure their diseases, and salmon farmers use drugs by the sack.
▪ The fruit tree man grabbed us and hauled us through a jungle of fruit trees.
▪ Julie ambled happily down the long immaculate front lawn, bordered on each side by miniature fruit trees.
▪ The fruit tree man is an old hippie.
▪ Leaving Okawi and Beruna, Miles turned away from the village and padded silently across the beach to the tree line.
▪ It was so dark he could barely make out the tree line on the distant shore.
▪ Orange trees line the avenues and palm trees flank its promenade.
▪ I could see the muzzle flashes in the tree line fifty yards away, which blocked our take-off path.
▪ I went back along with him to check the path was the tree line route to the falls.
▪ After a thirty-second pause to let us load up, Shaker took off over the forward tree line.
▪ Adam landed in the clearing between the tree line and the wall.
▪ We broke through the tree line from the north.
▪ Golden eyes looked at him from among the leaves of the yellow maple tree where Peach sat cleverly camouflaged.
▪ Ash and sugar maple trees were shooting up among the apple trees in the remorseless struggle for light.
▪ The practical problem, Marvin told me, was that he is no longer able to improve his maple tree stands.
▪ I increased my speed toward him, but only to hastily reach a small maple tree next to the road between us.
▪ They grooved the bark of the maple trees, nearly ringing the trees to get the sap out.
▪ But splashes of red are starting to show here and there on a few scattered red maple trees.
▪ Porcupines live there now, the ones who gnaw scars on to the maple trees.
▪ The maple tree beside me is 99 percent dead.
▪ And tied around the oak tree was the largest yellow ribbon I'd yet seen.
▪ A willow oak tree grows at the edge of this patio.
▪ The branching pattern of an oak tree or an apple tree looks complex, but it really isn't.
▪ Several hundred acres of rustling, wind-blown grass swept over our feet and under scattered oak trees.
▪ Earlier that morning I had awoken lying on the grass underneath an oak tree in Regent's Park.
▪ Women and children were lined up in a half-circle facing an old, perfectly formed oak tree.
▪ We lose a sense of an owl being an owl, a duck being duck, an oak being an oak tree.
▪ There was the old familiar smell of the oak tree shade.
▪ See the magnificent church of St. Mary, surrounded by small white houses set amongst palm trees and stunted eucalyptus.
▪ Ultimately, the cornfields of Lawrence won out over the palm trees of Westwood.
▪ AWI2.tif I've copied the small group of palm trees, and pasted the image in further along the beach.
▪ He found half a dozen fishermen seated under the palm trees at the foot of the Co-operative quay.
▪ Bayfront Park, lined with gently swaying Palm trees, was a marked contrast to the gravity of the day.
▪ The pool is enclosed by the bungalows, palm trees and bushes and is a real suntrap.
▪ Curious palm trees dot the scene, and the background is immense and desolate, as in Martin's paintings.
▪ Through the cool and shady pine trees, there is a private beach with bar.
▪ In the distance he saw a rabbit shivering under a pine tree.
▪ To their right the moon, smoky and yellow in thin night cloud, stood over a clump of distant pine trees.
▪ The scientists injected the fungus into young pine trees, which were then placed in pots.
▪ In fact, both were deposited many millions of years before the first pine tree grew on earth.
▪ He found a few others: a sphagnum moss peat bog can repel the invasion of pine trees for thousands of years.
▪ The hill feels peaceful in spite of tourists: it's surrounded by fragrant pine trees and deafeningly noisy with cicadas.
▪ The heat has melted the sap in the pine trees, and the dampness carries that bright smell.
▪ It was a beautiful cloudless morning and the canopies of the plane trees were lush and transparently golden with sunlight.
▪ It faces out toward Dodge Hall, across gracious grounds of hedged walks and great plane trees.
▪ She walked along to the little café, where at least the umbrellas and the plane trees gave some shade.
▪ The harbour quay, shaded by plane trees and filled with tables, is the village social centre.
▪ There, in the secret shade of the plane tree.
▪ Sun shone, warm breezes blew, and the plane trees behind the Cages grew greener and more leafy with each hour.
▪ Or the nannies and the nursemaids who lately pushed their prams up and down, and gossiped under the plane trees?
▪ The elder female sank down on a tree stump to rest, fanning herself with her hand.
▪ Clearing two acres of tree stumps so a garden could be planted in the spring.
▪ Alligator saw; a tree stump chipper; and even a bouncy castle!
▪ They said they brought the tree stump to Riggs' office as a symbol of protest.
▪ His left leg was almost severed when it was caught in the whirling blade of a tree stump cutter.
▪ We were going to the thick grove of woods with the carved tree stumps in its center.
▪ He was lounging back against the tree trunk a few yards away, consulting his compass and studying the map intently.
▪ Hiding in the swamp, Sammler lay under a tree trunk, in the mud, under scum.
▪ Unfortunately, the Brownsea red squirrels are also nervous; generally they get behind a tree trunk when they hear people approach.
▪ A mourning cloak butterfly flew up from a tree trunk in the sunshine where it was basking.
▪ I thought the great central arch of two tree trunks looked like our Blessed Lord's arms holding up the whole Church.
▪ In addition, the tree trunks are ringed with bright green growths at their bases.
▪ Tail square, but may appear forked when pressed against tree trunk.
▪ Gao Yang screamed, too, and banged his head against the tree trunk.
▪ But once we had to walk all day and climb great trees for just one honey comb.
▪ Last evening I climbed my observation tree to survey the fall panorama one last time.
▪ They make me grub for lily-roots and climb trees for honey.
▪ Large-muscle coordination comes from riding bikes and climbing trees, not from watching junk food commercials where other kids play and run.
▪ Marian insisted on climbing the tree herself and was up there some time.
▪ I climbed a chestnut tree and got a good shot of them together.
▪ Protestors had climbed lime trees in a desperate bid to stop them being destroyed.
▪ That seemed reasonable to the princess, so she climbed a tree and set about spinning to pass the time.
▪ But every time I wanted a piece of wood, I had to cut down a tree.
▪ It could cut a tree in half if it was two or three football fields away.
▪ When we got to Donoghue's Cross the road was cut and trees knocked.
▪ At 500 feet I crossed a swath cut through the trees that formed the northern perimeter of the camp.
▪ Male speaker Neolithic man would have used an axe to cut the trees.
▪ Paul cut the trees and Babe hauled them.
▪ Take away all the stones. Cut down all the trees.
▪ Instead, here the loggers had come in and simply cut the biggest trees, leaving the rest.
▪ Outside, another blossom fell from a tree, to join the others on the pavement.
▪ Clearly, the life of the forest depends on its fallen trees.
▪ The leaves fell from the trees.
▪ Atop the charred ground, white ash marks the shadows of fallen trees that burned so hot they disintegrated.
▪ What saddens the local population are the fallen trees.
▪ He had been so charmed that he almost fell out of the tree like a drunken bird.
▪ As a youngster, you used to train by punching raindrops as they fell off a tree branch.
▪ All the old rotten stumps and decaying fallen trees are clothed in their green.
▪ And I sowed seeds and grew plants and trees so that that place would be still more beautiful.
▪ It grew into a magnificent tree with a massive trunk and spacious canopy.
▪ He said writing was like a growing tree.
▪ Using natural ingredients, which tend to grow on trees round here, they are both water resistant.
▪ Weedy thickets and tall grass grew under occasional trees.
▪ The lake grows fish as prolifically as its bed once grew the trees of a dense jungle.
▪ In many places, buds grow on trees.
▪ I mention this to Yacouba and suggest his committee should consider planting acacia and fruit trees instead of eucalyptus.
▪ And why do they plant a tree that is useless for everything except cooking fires?
▪ Another serious problem for environmentalists is the type of tree and forest planted.
▪ There are, however, genuine stories of idealists recreating a forest environment by planting trees in the thousands.
▪ When planting new trees in your garden, make sure that you know what the mature heights are likely to be.
▪ The area was cleaned up by student volunteers and local scouts planted trees in parts of the Sanctuary.
▪ The reforestation programme, targeting to plant 7.5 million trees over a seven year period, is on its way.
▪ Los Angeles announced it would plant five million trees, and 113 other cities followed suit with their own ReLeaf programs.
bark up the wrong tree
▪ You're barking up the wrong tree if you think Sam can help you.
▪ Can't help thinking that they are on the right track and it's we who are barking up the wrong tree.
▪ Could he once again be barking up the wrong tree?
▪ However, those who advocate a federal takeover of workers' compensation are barking up the wrong tree.
▪ In retrospect it now seems that both camps were barking up the wrong tree.
▪ People who feel sorry for my old bridesmaid and travelling companion are barking up the wrong tree.
▪ They have maybe barked up the wrong tree.
be up a gum tree
it/money doesn't grow on trees
not see the wood for the trees
not see the wood for the trees
petrified wood/trees etc
▪ Books and posters, shirts and sweatshirts and pounds of petrified wood spilled from the storage areas.
▪ It may be more similar to the way that petrified wood is created.
▪ It moved aside the earth and found the petrified wood that was the heart in the forest.
▪ Their L-shaped living rooms were graced by open fireplaces, with the latest shapes in petrified wood adorning the mantelpieces.
the apple doesn't fall far from the tree
▪ It's a beautiful park, with a pond and large trees.
▪ He was tall and thick as a tree.
▪ Lightning or high winds can knock branches or whole trees on to power lines, cutting the electricity to an entire neighborhood.
▪ The pressure on trees differs between regions.
▪ Their motel was off from the main thoroughfare, protected by trees and woodsy seclusion.

Tree (set theory)

In set theory, a tree is a partially ordered set (T, <) such that for each tT, the set {sT : s < t} is well-ordered by the relation <. Frequently trees are assumed to have only one root (i.e. minimal element), as the typical questions investigated in this field are easily reduced to questions about single-rooted trees.

Tree (descriptive set theory)

In descriptive set theory, a tree on a set X is a collection of finite sequences of elements of X such that every prefix of a sequence in the collection also belongs to the collection.

Tree (Gaelic Storm album)

Tree is a 2001 album by Gaelic Storm.

Tree (Unix)

In Unix and Unix-like systems, as well as MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows, tree is a recursive directory listing program that produces a depth-indented listing of files.

With no arguments, tree lists the files in the current directory. When directory arguments are given, tree lists all the files or directories found in the given directories each in turn. Upon completion of listing all files and directories found, tree returns the total number of files and directories listed.

Tree (disambiguation)

A tree is a perennial woody plant.

Tree or trees may also refer to:

Tree (novel)

Tree is a 1978 historical novel by Filipino National Artist F. Sionil José. A story of empathy and subjugation, it is the second in José’s series known as The Rosales Saga or the Rosales Novels. The tree in the novel is a representation of the expectations and dreams of Filipinos.

Tree (data structure)

In computer science, a tree is a widely used abstract data type (ADT)—or data structure implementing this ADT—that simulates a hierarchical tree structure, with a root value and subtrees of children with a parent node, represented as a set of linked nodes.

A tree data structure can be defined recursively (locally) as a collection of nodes (starting at a root node), where each node is a data structure consisting of a value, together with a list of references to nodes (the "children"), with the constraints that no reference is duplicated, and none points to the root.

Alternatively, a tree can be defined abstractly as a whole (globally) as an ordered tree, with a value assigned to each node. Both these perspectives are useful: while a tree can be analyzed mathematically as a whole, when actually represented as a data structure it is usually represented and worked with separately by node (rather than as a list of nodes and an adjacency list of edges between nodes, as one may represent a digraph, for instance). For example, looking at a tree as a whole, one can talk about "the parent node" of a given node, but in general as a data structure a given node only contains the list of its children, but does not contain a reference to its parent (if any).

Tree (graph theory)

In mathematics, and more specifically in graph theory, a tree is an undirected graph in which any two vertices are connected by exactly one path. In other words, any acyclic connected graph is a tree. A forest is a disjoint union of trees.

The various kinds of data structures referred to as trees in computer science have underlying graphs that are trees in graph theory, although such data structures are generally rooted trees. A rooted tree may be directed, called a directed rooted tree, either making all its edges point away from the root—in which case it is called an arborescence, branching, or out-tree—, or making all its edges point towards the root—in which case it is called an anti-arborescence or in-tree. A rooted tree itself has been defined by some authors as a directed graph.

The term "tree" was coined in 1857 by the British mathematician Arthur Cayley.


In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. In looser senses, the taller palms, the tree ferns, bananas and bamboos are also trees. Trees tend to be long-lived, some reaching several thousand years old. The tallest known tree, a coast redwood named Hyperion, stands high. Trees have been in existence for 370 million years. It is estimated that there are just over 3 trillion mature trees in the world.

A tree typically has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground by the trunk. This trunk typically contains woody tissue for strength, and vascular tissue to carry materials from one part of the tree to another. For most trees it is surrounded by a layer of bark which serves as a protective barrier. Below the ground, the roots branch and spread out widely; they serve to anchor the tree and extract moisture and nutrients from the soil. Above ground, the branches divide into smaller branches and shoots. The shoots typically bear leaves, which capture light energy and convert it into sugars by photosynthesis, providing the food for the tree's growth and development. Flowers and fruit may also be present, but some trees, such as conifers, instead have pollen cones and seed cones; others, such as tree ferns, produce spores instead.

Trees play a significant role in reducing erosion and moderating the climate. They remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store large quantities of carbon in their tissues. Trees and forests provide a habitat for many species of animals and plants. Tropical rainforests are one of the most biodiverse habitats in the world. Trees provide shade and shelter, timber for construction, fuel for cooking and heating, and fruit for food as well as having many other uses. In parts of the world, forests are shrinking as trees are cleared to increase the amount of land available for agriculture. Because of their longevity and usefulness, trees have always been revered, with sacred groves in various cultures, and they play a role in many of the world's mythologies.

Tree (Johnny Duhan album)

Tree is an album by Irish folk singer Johnny Duhan.

Tree (surname)

Tree is the surname of:

  • David Tree (1915–2009), English actor, grandson of Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree
  • Herbert Beerbohm Tree (1852–1917), British actor
  • Iris Tree (1897–1968), English poet and actress, daughter of Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree
  • Michael Tree (born 1934), American violist
  • Penelope Tree (born 1950), fashion model, daughter of Ronald Tree
  • Ronald Tree (1897–1976), journalist, investor, and Member of Parliament

Tree (Sekai no Owari album)

Tree is the second studio album by Japanese rock band Sekai no Owari. It was released on January 14, 2015. It debuted at number one on the weekly Oricon Albums Chart, with 247,964 copies sold.

Tree (TVXQ album)

Tree (stylized as TREE) is the seventh Japanese studio album (fourteenth overall) by South Korean pop duo Tohoshinki, released by Avex Trax on March 5, 2014. The record was released in four physical versions, each with a seasonal theme cover – Version A (Spring/Summer), a CD+DVD version with music videos; Version B (Autumn), another CD+DVD version with off-shot movies; Version C (Winter), a CD only version with two bonus tracks; and Version D, a fan club limited edition with a CD-Extra. Musically, Tree is a varied pop music album that is influenced by a broad range of musical genres, such as electronic dance music, hip hop, R&B, swing jazz, rock music, power ballads, and reggae. Recording for the album began well before the launch of their sixth Japanese studio album Time in early 2013.

Tree was Tohoshinki's fourth consecutive album to debut at number one on the Oricon Albums Chart and the Billboard Japan Top Albums, selling 225,000 copies on its first week of release. With Tree, Tohoshinki became the first foreign group in Japan to have three consecutive studio albums with first-week sales of over 200,000 copies, breaking Bon Jovi's thirteen-year record. Less than four weeks after release, the album earned a platinum certification by the Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ) for shipments of over 250,000 copies.

All four of the album's commercially successful singles – " Ocean", " Scream", " Very Merry Xmas", and " Hide & Seek / Something" – debuted at number two on the Oricon Singles Chart and achieved gold certifications by the RIAJ. To promote the album, Tohoshinki embarked on their seventh nationwide tour, Tree: Live Tour 2014 from April to June 2014.

Tree (installation)

"Tree" was a controversial high inflatable sculpture by the artist Paul McCarthy that was briefly installed in the Place Vendôme in Paris in October 2014 as part of a FIAC exhibition called "Hors les murs". Although officially described as a Christmas tree, it was widely criticised for its similarity in appearance to a huge green butt plug. McCarthy admitted that it was deliberately shaped as such as a joke.

The controversy over the sculpture led to McCarthy being assaulted and the sculpture being vandalised only two days after its installation; a vandal climbed the fencing around it and cut the power supply which kept it inflated, in addition to cutting the cords holding it up. McCarthy stated that he did not want the work repaired or replaced.

The attention given to the sculpture brought a boom in sales of real butt plugs in Paris: a sex shop owner reported that he usually sold 50 per month predominantly to gay men, but in November 2014 sold over 1,000 roughly divided equally between heterosexual men and women.

The Collaborative International Dictionary


Tree \Tree\ (tr[=e]), n. [OE. tree, tre, treo, AS. tre['o], tre['o]w, tree, wood; akin to OFries. tr[=e], OS. treo, trio, Icel. tr[=e], Dan. tr[ae], Sw. tr["a], tr["a]d, Goth. triu, Russ. drevo, W. derw an oak, Ir. darag, darog, Gr. dry^s a tree, oak, do`ry a beam, spear shaft, spear, Skr. dru tree, wood, d[=a]ru wood. [root]63, 24

  1. Cf. Dryad, Germander, Tar, n., Trough.] 1. (Bot.) Any perennial woody plant of considerable size (usually over twenty feet high) and growing with a single trunk.

    Note: The kind of tree referred to, in any particular case, is often indicated by a modifying word; as forest tree, fruit tree, palm tree, apple tree, pear tree, etc.

  2. Something constructed in the form of, or considered as resembling, a tree, consisting of a stem, or stock, and branches; as, a genealogical tree.

  3. A piece of timber, or something commonly made of timber; -- used in composition, as in axletree, boottree, chesstree, crosstree, whiffletree, and the like.

  4. A cross or gallows; as Tyburn tree.

    [Jesus] whom they slew and hanged on a tree.
    --Acts x. 39.

  5. Wood; timber. [Obs.]

    In a great house ben not only vessels of gold and of silver but also of tree and of earth.
    --Wyclif (2 Tim. ii. 20).

  6. (Chem.) A mass of crystals, aggregated in arborescent forms, obtained by precipitation of a metal from solution. See Lead tree, under Lead. Tree bear (Zo["o]l.), the raccoon. [Local, U. S.] Tree beetle (Zo["o]l.) any one of numerous species of beetles which feed on the leaves of trees and shrubs, as the May beetles, the rose beetle, the rose chafer, and the goldsmith beetle. Tree bug (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of hemipterous insects which live upon, and suck the sap of, trees and shrubs. They belong to Arma, Pentatoma, Rhaphigaster, and allied genera. Tree cat (Zool.), the common paradoxure ( Paradoxurus musang). Tree clover (Bot.), a tall kind of melilot ( Melilotus alba). See Melilot. Tree crab (Zo["o]l.), the purse crab. See under Purse. Tree creeper (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of arboreal creepers belonging to Certhia, Climacteris, and allied genera. See Creeper, 3. Tree cricket (Zo["o]l.), a nearly white arboreal American cricket ( Ecanthus niv[oe]us) which is noted for its loud stridulation; -- called also white cricket. Tree crow (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of Old World crows belonging to Crypsirhina and allied genera, intermediate between the true crows and the jays. The tail is long, and the bill is curved and without a tooth. Tree dove (Zo["o]l.) any one of several species of East Indian and Asiatic doves belonging to Macropygia and allied genera. They have long and broad tails, are chiefly arboreal in their habits, and feed mainly on fruit. Tree duck (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of ducks belonging to Dendrocygna and allied genera. These ducks have a long and slender neck and a long hind toe. They are arboreal in their habits, and are found in the tropical parts of America, Africa, Asia, and Australia. Tree fern (Bot.), an arborescent fern having a straight trunk, sometimes twenty or twenty-five feet high, or even higher, and bearing a cluster of fronds at the top. Most of the existing species are tropical. Tree fish (Zo["o]l.), a California market fish ( Sebastichthys serriceps). Tree frog. (Zo["o]l.)

    1. Same as Tree toad.

    2. Any one of numerous species of Old World frogs belonging to Chiromantis, Rhacophorus, and allied genera of the family Ranid[ae]. Their toes are furnished with suckers for adhesion. The flying frog (see under Flying) is an example. Tree goose (Zo["o]l.), the bernicle goose. Tree hopper (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of small leaping hemipterous insects which live chiefly on the branches and twigs of trees, and injure them by sucking the sap. Many of them are very odd in shape, the prothorax being often prolonged upward or forward in the form of a spine or crest. Tree jobber (Zo["o]l.), a woodpecker. [Obs.] Tree kangaroo. (Zo["o]l.) See Kangaroo. Tree lark (Zo["o]l.), the tree pipit. [Prov. Eng.] Tree lizard (Zo["o]l.), any one of a group of Old World arboreal lizards ( Dendrosauria) comprising the chameleons. Tree lobster. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Tree crab, above. Tree louse (Zo["o]l.), any aphid; a plant louse. Tree moss. (Bot.)

      1. Any moss or lichen growing on trees.

      2. Any species of moss in the form of a miniature tree.

        Tree mouse (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of African mice of the subfamily Dendromyin[ae]. They have long claws and habitually live in trees.

        Tree nymph, a wood nymph. See Dryad.

        Tree of a saddle, a saddle frame.

        Tree of heaven (Bot.), an ornamental tree ( Ailantus glandulosus) having long, handsome pinnate leaves, and greenish flowers of a disagreeable odor.

        Tree of life (Bot.), a tree of the genus Thuja; arbor vit[ae].

        Tree onion (Bot.), a species of garlic ( Allium proliferum) which produces bulbs in place of flowers, or among its flowers.

        Tree oyster (Zo["o]l.), a small American oyster ( Ostrea folium) which adheres to the roots of the mangrove tree; -- called also raccoon oyster.

        Tree pie (Zo["o]l.), any species of Asiatic birds of the genus Dendrocitta. The tree pies are allied to the magpie.

        Tree pigeon (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of longwinged arboreal pigeons native of Asia, Africa, and Australia, and belonging to Megaloprepia, Carpophaga, and allied genera.

        Tree pipit. (Zo["o]l.) See under Pipit.

        Tree porcupine (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of Central and South American arboreal porcupines belonging to the genera Ch[ae]tomys and Sphingurus. They have an elongated and somewhat prehensile tail, only four toes on the hind feet, and a body covered with short spines mixed with bristles. One South American species ( Sphingurus villosus) is called also couiy; another ( Sphingurus prehensilis) is called also c[oe]ndou.

        Tree rat (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of large ratlike West Indian rodents belonging to the genera Capromys and Plagiodon. They are allied to the porcupines.

        Tree serpent (Zo["o]l.), a tree snake.

        Tree shrike (Zo["o]l.), a bush shrike.

        Tree snake (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of snakes of the genus Dendrophis. They live chiefly among the branches of trees, and are not venomous.

        Tree sorrel (Bot.), a kind of sorrel ( Rumex Lunaria) which attains the stature of a small tree, and bears greenish flowers. It is found in the Canary Islands and Tenerife.

        Tree sparrow (Zo["o]l.) any one of several species of small arboreal sparrows, especially the American tree sparrow ( Spizella monticola), and the common European species ( Passer montanus).

        Tree swallow (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of swallows of the genus Hylochelidon which lay their eggs in holes in dead trees. They inhabit Australia and adjacent regions. Called also martin in Australia.

        Tree swift (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of swifts of the genus Dendrochelidon which inhabit the East Indies and Southern Asia.

        Tree tiger (Zo["o]l.), a leopard.

        Tree toad (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of amphibians belonging to Hyla and allied genera of the family Hylid[ae]. They are related to the common frogs and toads, but have the tips of the toes expanded into suckers by means of which they cling to the bark and leaves of trees. Only one species ( Hyla arborea) is found in Europe, but numerous species occur in America and Australia. The common tree toad of the Northern United States ( Hyla versicolor) is noted for the facility with which it changes its colors. Called also tree frog. See also Piping frog, under Piping, and Cricket frog, under Cricket.

        Tree warbler (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of arboreal warblers belonging to Phylloscopus and allied genera.

        Tree wool (Bot.), a fine fiber obtained from the leaves of pine trees.


Tree \Tree\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Treed; p. pr. & vb. n. Treeing.]

  1. To drive to a tree; to cause to ascend a tree; as, a dog trees a squirrel.
    --J. Burroughs.

  2. To place upon a tree; to fit with a tree; to stretch upon a tree; as, to tree a boot. See Tree, n.,



  1. n. a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms

  2. a figure that branches from a single root; "genealogical tree" [syn: tree diagram]

  3. English actor and theatrical producer noted for his lavish productions of Shakespeare (1853-1917) [syn: Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree]


v. chase a bear up a tree with dogs and kill it



n. 1 A large plant, not exactly defined, but typically over four meters in height, a single trunk which grows in girth with age and branches (which also grow in circumference with age). 2 Any plant that is reminiscent of the above but not classified as a tree in the strict botanical sense: for example the banana "tree". 3 An object made from a tree trunk and having multiple hook or storage platform. 4 A device used to hold or stretch a shoe open. 5 The structural frame of a saddle. 6 (context graph theory English) A connected graph with no cycles or, equivalently, a connected graph with ''n'' vertices and ''n''-1 edges. 7 (context computing theory English) A recursive data structure in which each node has zero or more nodes as children. 8 (context graphical user interface English) A display or listing of entries or element such that there are primary and secondary entries shown, usually linked by drawn lines or by indenting to the right. 9 Any structure or construct having branches akin to (1). 10 The structure or wooden frame used in the construction of a saddle used in horse riding. 11 (context informal English) marijuan

  1. 12 (context obsolete English) A cross or gallows. 13 (context obsolete English) wood; timber 14 (context chemistry English) A mass of crystals, aggregated in arborescent forms, obtained by precipitation of a metal from solution. v

  2. 1 (context transitive English) To chase (an animal or person) up a tree. 2 (context transitive English) To place upon a tree; to fit with a tree; to stretch upon a tree.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary


Old English treo, treow "tree" (also "timber, wood, beam, log, stake"), from Proto-Germanic *treuwaz- (cognates: Old Frisian tre, Old Saxon trio, Old Norse tre, Gothic triu "tree"), from PIE *drew-o-, from *deru- "oak" (cognates: Sanskrit dru "tree, wood," daru "wood, log;" Greek drys "oak," drymos "copse, thicket," doru "beam, shaft of a spear;" Old Church Slavonic drievo "tree, wood;" Serbian drvo "tree," drva "wood;" Russian drevo "tree, wood;" Czech drva; Polish drwa "wood;" Lithuanian derva "pine, wood;" Old Irish daur, Welsh derwen "oak," Albanian drusk "oak"). This is from PIE *drew-o-, a suffixed form of the root *deru- "to be firm, solid, steadfast" (see true), with specialized sense "wood, tree" and derivatives referring to objects made of wood.\n\nThe line which divides trees from shrubs is largely arbitrary, and dependent upon habit rather than size, the tree having a single trunk usually unbranched for some distance above the ground, while a shrub has usually several stems from the same root and each without a proper trunk.

[Century Dictionary]

\nThe widespread use of words originally meaning "oak" in the sense "tree" probably reflects the importance of the oak to ancient Indo-Europeans. In Old English and Middle English also "thing made of wood," especially the cross of the Crucifixion and a gallows (such as Tyburn tree, famous gallows outside London). Middle English also had plural treen, adjective treen (Old English treowen "of a tree, wooden"). For Dutch boom, German Baum, the usual words for "tree," see beam (n.). Meaning "framework of a saddle" is from 1530s. Meaning "representation of familial relationships in the form of a tree" is from c.1300. Tree-hugger, contemptuous for "environmentalist" is attested by 1989.\n\nMinc'd Pyes do not grow upon every tree,\n
But search the Ovens for them, and there they be.\n

["Poor Robin," Almanack, 1669]


"to chase up a tree," 1700, from tree (n.). Meaning "take a tree-like form" is from 1884. Related: Treed; treeing.


Usage examples of "tree".

In their aberration they believed it was worth their while to break all the barriers of perception, even if they had to become trees to do that.

Moreover, thou sayest it that the champions of the Dry Tree, who would think but little of an earl for a leader, are eager to follow me: and if thou still doubt what this may mean, abide, till in two days or three thou see me before the foeman.

He was almost convinced that reducing a tree to lumber expunged whatever might be abiding within when he saw the long, hooked tongue emerge from the wall behind the bed.

The daylight trees of July are signs of common beauty, common freshness, and a mystery familiar and abiding as night and day.

Why, Abigail could best nearly any boy in the county at what were deemed masculine pursuits: hunting, riding and climbing trees.

Ottomans and center of the silk trade, its quiet, declining streets abloom with minarets and cypress trees.

As to them of the Dry Tree, though some few of them abode in the kingdom, and became great there, the more part of them went back to the wildwood and lived the old life of the Wood, as we had found them living it aforetime.

She knew she could not scale a blank seven-foot wall fast enough to save herself, especially not with one stingingly abraded hand, so she studied the trees as she ran.

Then he walked out through the pecan trees in front of the house where Antonio stood waiting with the horses and they stood for a moment in a wordless abrazo and then he mounted up into the saddle and turned the horse into the road.

A hogshead of ale was abroach under an oak, and a fire was blazing in an open space before the trees to roast the fat deer which the foresters brought.

Tim had always found himself especially attuned to the deserted charms of Candie Gardens in winter, enjoying the bare traceries of the trees and the widened harbour view, the few points of colour against the monochrome background - the red and pink of the camellias near the top gate, the hanging yellow bells of the winter-flowering abutilon with their red clappers, even the iridescence of the mallard drake circling the largest of the ponds with his speckled mate.

The rotor wash whipped at Abies as the helicopter turned above, then dipped sharply down behind the tree cover and disappeared.

Surprisingly, Ace found plenty of dry wood under the thick growth of trees.

There were his irrigation boots and a spade for cutting water out of the Acequia del Monte into his back field, or into his apple and plum trees, or into his garden.

The trees had the thickest of canopies, stunningly clothed in the reds and golds and russets of their autumn canopies: I spent many an hour while Achates slept in my arms watching their seductive dancing against the sky.