Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Pass \Pass\, v. t.
In simple, transitive senses; as:
To go by, beyond, over, through, or the like; to proceed from one side to the other of; as, to pass a house, a stream, a boundary, etc.
Hence: To go from one limit to the other of; to spend; to live through; to have experience of; to undergo; to suffer. ``To pass commodiously this life.''
She loved me for the dangers I had passed.
To go by without noticing; to omit attention to; to take no note of; to disregard.
Please you that I may pass This doing.
I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array.
To transcend; to surpass; to excel; to exceed.
And strive to pass . . . Their native music by her skillful art.
Whose tender power Passes the strength of storms in their most desolate hour.
To go successfully through, as an examination, trail, test, etc.; to obtain the formal sanction of, as a legislative body; as, he passed his examination; the bill passed the senate.
In causative senses: as:
To cause to move or go; to send; to transfer from one person, place, or condition to another; to transmit; to deliver; to hand; to make over; as, the waiter passed bisquit and cheese; the torch was passed from hand to hand.
I had only time to pass my eye over the medals.
Waller passed over five thousand horse and foot by Newbridge.
To cause to pass the lips; to utter; to pronounce; hence, to promise; to pledge; as, to pass sentence.
Father, thy word is passed.
To cause to advance by stages of progress; to carry on with success through an ordeal, examination, or action; specifically, to give legal or official sanction to; to ratify; to enact; to approve as valid and just; as, he passed the bill through the committee; the senate passed the law. (e) To put in circulation; to give currency to; as, to pass counterfeit money. ``Pass the happy news.''
--Tennyson. (f) To cause to obtain entrance, admission, or conveyance; as, to pass a person into a theater, or over a railroad.
To emit from the bowels; to evacuate.
(Naut.) To take a turn with (a line, gasket, etc.), as around a sail in furling, and make secure.
(Fencing) To make, as a thrust, punto, etc. --Shak. Passed midshipman. See under Midshipman. To pass a dividend, to omit the declaration and payment of a dividend at the time when due. To pass away, to spend; to waste. ``Lest she pass away the flower of her age.'' --Ecclus. xlii. 9. To pass by.
To disregard; to neglect.
To excuse; to spare; to overlook.
To pass off, to impose fraudulently; to palm off. ``Passed himself off as a bishop.''
To pass (something) on (some one) or To pass (something) upon (some one), to put upon as a trick or cheat; to palm off. ``She passed the child on her husband for a boy.''
To pass over, to overlook; not to note or resent; as, to pass over an affront.
Pass \Pass\, n. [Cf. F. pas (for sense 1), and passe, fr. passer to pass. See Pass, v. i.]
An opening, road, or track, available for passing; especially, one through or over some dangerous or otherwise impracticable barrier; a passageway; a defile; a ford; as, a mountain pass.
``Try not the pass!'' the old man said.
(Fencing) A thrust or push; an attempt to stab or strike an adversary.
A movement of the hand over or along anything; the manipulation of a mesmerist.
(Rolling Metals) A single passage of a bar, rail, sheet, etc., between the rolls.
State of things; condition; predicament.
Have his daughters brought him to this pass.
Matters have been brought to this pass.
Permission or license to pass, or to go and come; a psssport; a ticket permitting free transit or admission; as, a railroad or theater pass; a military pass.
A ship sailing under the flag and pass of an enemy.
Fig.: a thrust; a sally of wit.
Estimation; character. [Obs.]
Common speech gives him a worthy pass.
[Cf. Passus.] A part; a division. [Obs.]
(Sports) In football, hockey, and other team sports, a transfer of the ball, puck, etc., to another player of one's own team, usually at some distance. In American football, the pass is through the air by an act of throwing the ball. Pass boat (Naut.), a punt, or similar boat. Pass book.
A book in which a trader enters articles bought on credit, and then passes or sends it to the purchaser.
See Bank book.
Pass box (Mil.), a wooden or metallic box, used to carry cartridges from the service magazine to the piece.
Pass check, a ticket of admission to a place of entertainment, or of readmission for one who goes away in expectation of returning.
Pass \Pass\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Passed; p. pr. & vb. n. Passing.] [F. passer, LL. passare, fr. L. passus step, or from pandere, passum, to spread out, lay open. See Pace.]
To go; to move; to proceed; to be moved or transferred from one point to another; to make a transit; -- usually with a following adverb or adverbal phrase defining the kind or manner of motion; as, to pass on, by, out, in, etc.; to pass swiftly, directly, smoothly, etc.; to pass to the rear, under the yoke, over the bridge, across the field, beyond the border, etc. ``But now pass over [i. e., pass on].''
On high behests his angels to and fro Passed frequent.
Sweet sounds rose slowly through their mouths, And from their bodies passed.
To move or be transferred from one state or condition to another; to change possession, condition, or circumstances; to undergo transition; as, the business has passed into other hands.
Others, dissatisfied with what they have, . . . pass from just to unjust.
--Sir W. Temple.
To move beyond the range of the senses or of knowledge; to pass away; hence, to disappear; to vanish; to depart; specifically, to depart from life; to die.
Disturb him not, let him pass paceably.
Beauty is a charm, but soon the charm will pass.
The passing of the sweetest soul That ever looked with human eyes.
To move or to come into being or under notice; to come and go in consciousness; hence, to take place; to occur; to happen; to come; to occur progressively or in succession; to be present transitorily.
So death passed upon all men.
--Rom. v. 12.
Our own consciousness of what passes within our own mind.
To go by or glide by, as time; to elapse; to be spent; as, their vacation passed pleasantly.
Now the time is far passed.
--Mark vi. 35
To go from one person to another; hence, to be given and taken freely; as, clipped coin will not pass; to obtain general acceptance; to be held or regarded; to circulate; to be current; -- followed by for before a word denoting value or estimation. ``Let him pass for a man.''
False eloquence passeth only where true is not understood.
This will not pass for a fault in him.
To advance through all the steps or stages necessary to validity or effectiveness; to be carried through a body that has power to sanction or reject; to receive legislative sanction; to be enacted; as, the resolution passed; the bill passed both houses of Congress.
To go through any inspection or test successfully; to be approved or accepted; as, he attempted the examination, but did not expect to pass.
To be suffered to go on; to be tolerated; hence, to continue; to live along. ``The play may pass.''
To go unheeded or neglected; to proceed without hindrance or opposition; as, we let this act pass.
To go beyond bounds; to surpass; to be in excess. [Obs.] ``This passes, Master Ford.''
To take heed; to care. [Obs.]
As for these silken-coated slaves, I pass not.
To go through the intestines.
(Law) To be conveyed or transferred by will, deed, or other instrument of conveyance; as, an estate passes by a certain clause in a deed.
--Mozley & W.
(Fencing) To make a lunge or pass; to thrust.
(Card Playing) To decline to play in one's turn; in euchre, to decline to make the trump. She would not play, yet must not pass. --Prior. To bring to pass, To come to pass. See under Bring, and Come. To pass away, to disappear; to die; to vanish. ``The heavens shall pass away.'' --2 Pet. iii. 10. ``I thought to pass away before, but yet alive I am.'' --Tennyson. To pass by, to go near and beyond a certain person or place; as, he passed by as we stood there. To pass into, to change by a gradual transmission; to blend or unite with. To pass on, to proceed. To pass on or To pass upon.
To happen to; to come upon; to affect. ``So death passed upon all men.''
--Rom. v. 12. ``Provided no indirect act pass upon our prayers to define them.''
To determine concerning; to give judgment or sentence upon. ``We may not pass upon his life.''
To pass off, to go away; to cease; to disappear; as, an agitation passes off.
To pass over, to go from one side or end to the other; to cross, as a river, road, or bridge.
adj. of advancing the ball by throwing it; "a team with a good passing attack"; "a pass play" [syn: passing(a), pass(a)] [ant: running(a)]
(military) a written leave of absence; "he had a pass for three days"
any authorization to pass or go somewhere; "the pass to visit had a strict time limit" [syn: passport]
a document indicating permission to do something without restrictions; "the media representatives had special passes" [syn: laissez passer]
a flight or run by an aircraft over a target; "the plane turned to make a second pass"
one complete cycle of operations (as by a computer); "it was not possible to complete the computation in a single pass"
you advance to the next round in a tournament without playing an opponent; "he had a bye in the first round" [syn: bye]
a permit to enter or leave a military installation; "he had to show his pass in order to get out" [syn: liberty chit]
a complementary (free) ticket; "the start got passes for his family"
pass by; "A black limousine passed by when she looked out the window"; "He passed his professor in the hall"; "One line of soldiers surpassed the other" [syn: travel by, pass by, surpass, go past, go by]
make laws, bills, etc. or bring into effect by legislation; "They passed the amendment"; "We cannot legislate how people's spend their free time" [syn: legislate]
stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets" [syn: run, go, lead, extend]
come to pass; "What is happening?"; "The meeting took place off without an incidence"; "Nothing occurred that seemed important" [syn: happen, hap, go on, pass off, occur, fall out, come about, take place]
go unchallenged; be approved; "The bill cleared the House" [syn: clear]
pass (time) in a specific way; "How are you spending your summer vacation?" [syn: spend]
accept or judge as acceptable; "The teacher passed the student although he was weak" [ant: fail]
allow to go without comment or censure; "the insult passed as if unnoticed"
transfer to another; of rights or property; "Our house passed under his official control"
be identified, regarded, accepted, or mistaken for someone or something else; as by denying one's own ancestry or background; "He could pass as his twin brother"; "She passed as a White woman even though her grandfather was Black"
throw (a ball) to another player; "Smith passed"
cause to pass; "She passed around the plates" [syn: make pass]
pass from physical life and lose all all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; "She died from cancer"; "They children perished in the fire"; "The patient went peacefully" [syn: die, decease, perish, go, exit, pass away, expire] [ant: be born]
Pass, PASS, The Pass or Passed may refer to:
A pass is permission to be away from one's Military for a limited period of time. Time away on a pass is not counted against leave, the annual allotment of days off from duty.
A pass, in spaceflight and satellite communications, is the period in which a satellite or other spacecraft is visible above the local horizon, and therefore available for radio communication with a particular ground station, satellite receiver, or relay satellite (or, in some cases, for visual observation). The beginning of a pass is termed acquisition of signal; the end of a pass is termed loss of signal. The point at which a spacecraft comes closest to a ground observer is the time of closest approach.
pass is a password manager inspired by the Unix philosophy. It has a command-line interface, and uses GnuPG for encryption and decryption of stored passwords.
Pass (ice hockey)
In ice hockey, a pass is the movement of the puck from one player to another, usually by a motion of the stick. A pass differs from a shot, in that a pass is typically weaker than a shot and is not directed at the opponent's net with the intention of scoring a goal. The function of passing in ice hockey during gameplay strongly resembles the role of passing in other goal sports such as soccer and lacrosse. Passing (along with skating, shooting, and stick handling) is one of the most fundamental skills in hockey. An effective pass is described as being "stick to stick" or "tape to tape", referring to the tape on the blade of a hockey stick. Effective passing requires good vision, anticipation, and timing. A player that is an effective passer will normally record many assists, which are awarded to the second and third to last player to touch the puck before a goal. The National Hockey League record for most career assists is 1,963 by Wayne Gretzky, who is considered one of the best passers of all time. Different types of passes are employed in different situations or using different techniques:Backhand pass : using the back side of the blade of the stick.
Centering pass : to the put the puck into the centre of the ice (the "slot"). This is the most dangerous pass in hockey both because it provides the best opportunity to score and because if the intended receiver misses it, there is a strong likelihood that the puck will come to an opponent with few obstacles to the net.
Clear-out or clearing pass: a pass out of a team's defensive zone. Its primary purpose is defensive, to prevent the opposition from getting the puck for the opportunity to score.
Cross-ice pass : a pass that traverses the width of the ice surface (e.g. from the left winger to the right winger).
Drop pass : when a player passes the puck directly behind him to a teammate. If executed properly, the puck stops moving and the pass's receiver catches up to it.
Hand pass : a pass made with the hand. It is legal when both passer and recipient are inside the defending zone, otherwise illegal. An illegal hand pass results in a stoppage of play and a faceoff at the position where the puck was passed from.
Headmaning the puck : (a.k.a. a stretch pass, an outlet pass, or a long bomb) a long pass that allows one's team to move out of their defensive zone and start a rush. An especially long and well executed one that results in a breakaway is then called a breakaway pass.
No-look pass : made while not looking at the receiver.
Offside pass : a pass to a player who is offside. This can mean a two-line pass(no longer current in the NHL since 2005), a pass that crosses two lines marked on the ice for such purposes. Depending on the era and league, the centre red line may or may not count as such a line. Or, it can refer to a pass to a player who has entered the offensive zone before the puck. This type of pass is always offside no matter how many lines it crosses.
Saucer pass : an airborne pass from one player to another. It is called a saucer pass because the puck resembles a flying saucer in mid-air.
Slap pass : a hard shot aimed at a teammate's stick. It is a shot that is intentionally aimed away from the net to an open teammate's stick.
Suicide pass : a pass that forces the receiver to look down or away from the play in order to find the puck, leaving him vulnerable to a powerful body check.
Tic-tac-toe : a play that involves two quick passes and a shot and results in a goal.
Etymology 1 n. 1 An opening, road, or track, available for passing; especially, one through or over some dangerous or otherwise impracticable barrier such as a mountain range; a passageway; a defile; a ford. 2 A single movement, especially of a hand, at, over(,) or along anything. 3 A single passage of a tool over something, or of something over a tool. 4 An attempt. 5 (context fencing English) A thrust or push; an attempt to stab or strike an adversary. 6 (context figuratively English) A thrust; a sally of wit. 7 A sexual advance. 8 (context sports English) The act of moving the ball or puck from one player to another. 9 (context rail transport English) A passing of two trains in the same direction on a single track, when one is put into a siding to let the other overtake it. 10 Permission or license to pass, or to go and come. 11 A document granting permission to pass or to go and come; a passport; a ticket permitting free transit or admission; as, a railroad or theater pass; a military pass. 12 (context baseball English) An intentional walk. 13 The state of things; condition; predicament; impasse. 14 (context obsolete English) Estimation; character. 15 (context obsolete Chaucer compare 'passus' English) A part, a division. 16 The area in a restaurant kitchen where the finished dishes are passed from the chefs to the waiting staff. Etymology 2
vb. 1 (lb en heading) ''Physical movement.'' 2 # (lb en intransitive) To move or be moved from one place to another. 3 # (lb en transitive) To go past, by, over, or through; to proceed from one side to the other of; to move past. Etymology 3
n. (context computing slang English) A password (especially one for a restricted-access website).
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
"mountain defile," c.1300, from Old French pas "step, track, passage," from Latin passus "step, pace" (see pace (n.)).
"written permission to pass into, or through, a place," 1590s, from pass (v.). Sense of "ticket for a free ride or admission" is first found 1838. Colloquial make a pass "offer an amorous advance" first recorded 1928, perhaps from a sporting sense. Phrase come to pass (late 15c.) uses the word with a sense of "completion, accomplishment."
late 13c. (transitive) "to go by (something)," also "to cross over," from Old French passer (11c.), from Vulgar Latin *passare "to step, walk, pass" (source also of Spanish pasar, Italian passare), from Latin passus "step, pace" (see pace (n.)). Intransitive sense of "to go on, to move forward, make one's way" is attested from c.1300. Figurative sense of "to experience, undergo" (as in pass the time) is first recorded late 14c. Sense of "to go through an examination successfully" is from early 15c. Meaning "decline to do something" is attested from 1869, originally in cards (euchre). In football, hockey, soccer, etc., the meaning "to transfer the ball or puck to another player" is from c.1865. Related: Passed; passing.\n
\nThe meaning "to be thought to be something one is not" (especially in racial sense) is from 1935, from pass oneself off (as), first found 1809. The general verb sense of "to be accepted as equivalent" is from 1590s. Pass up "decline, refuse" is attested from 1896. Pass the buck is from 1865, said to be poker slang reference to the buck horn-handled knife that was passed around to signify whose turn it was to deal. Pass the hat "seek contributions" is from 1762. Pass-fail as a grading method is attested from 1955, American English.
Usage examples of "pass".
Church of England or of Rome as the medium of those superior ablutions described above, only that I think the Unitarian Church, like the Lyceum, as yet an open and uncommitted organ, free to admit the ministrations of any inspired man that shall pass by: whilst the other churches are committed and will exclude him.
A vial of that which is first passed in the morning, should be sent with the history of the case, as chronic rheumatism effects characteristic changes in this excretion, which clearly and unmistakably indicate the abnormal condition of the fluids of the body upon which the disease depends.
It is one of a small group of diseases characterized by the production of abnormally high quantities of urine, so that water seemed simply to pass through the body in a hurry.
He watched as the first shark made a pass at Abo, who moved out of its way like a bullfighter.
Not knowing exactly what excuse to make, but hoping for something to turn up, the mullah took a lantern and followed him out, taking the lead as they passed through the gap in the fence and drew abreast of the mosque portico.
He was sitting in a music hall one evening, sipping his absinth and admiring the art of a certain famous Russian dancer, when he caught a passing glimpse of a pair of evil black eyes upon him.
She seemed to have passed into a kind of dream world, absolved from the conditions of actuality.
As, however, the aggregation caused by this salt travels down the tentacles at a quicker rate than when insoluble particles are placed on the glands, it is probable that ammonia in some form is absorbed not only by the glands, but passes down the tentacles.
These fugitives, who fled before the Turkish arms, passed the Tanais and Borysthenes, and boldly advanced into the heart of Poland and Germany, violating the law of nations, and abusing the rights of victory.
I had a feeling that I had passed through this abusive cult for a reason.
The reason given for this change of form was that it more conveniently allowed the lower road to pass between the springings and ensured the transmission of the wind stresses to the abutments without interrupting the cross-bracing.
The entire county could be listening in, but too much time had passed and Banish needed to talk to Abies now.
The magnificent prospects which Academician Markov had hinted at in passing were hard to take in all at once.
You may pass it on to Privalov, or to the Moscow Academician to whom you sent the knife.
Sunday was a day for pleasure and not business he hoped I would honour them by passing the day at their pretty house on the Amstel, and they were delighted at my accepting their invitation.