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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
dog
I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a dog wags its tail/its tail wags
▪ Domino rushed to meet her, tail wagging with excitement.
a pet dog/cat/rabbit etc
▪ I used to have a pet rabbit when I was young.
a police dog
▪ Police dogs were used to catch the thieves.
bad girl/dog etc
▪ Bad cat! Get off the table!
be dogged by controversy (=cause controversy in a way that is a problem)
▪ Even before it was introduced, the system was dogged by controversy.
be dogged by misfortune (=have a lot of bad luck over a period of time)
▪ The project seemed dogged by misfortune.
bird dog
dog collar
dog days
▪ Few opera houses survived the dog days of the 1980s.
dog paddle
dog tag
dog warden
dogged persistence
▪ ‘Why can’t I come?’ repeated Will with dogged persistence.
dogged/steely/grim determination (=very strong determination)
▪ As a politician she was known for her dogged determination.
guard dog
guide dog
gun dog
hot dog
hot dog
it is raining cats and dogs informal (= it is raining very hard – this phrase sounds rather old-fashioned)
lap dog
police dog
prairie dog
sausage dog
sea dog
Seeing Eye dog
shaggy dog story
sicced...dog
▪ He sicced his dog on me.
sniffer dog
take sb/a dog for a walk
▪ Could you take the dog for a walk?
top dog
▪ He always wanted to be the one in control, the top dog.
tracker dog
walking...dog
▪ Grandma’s out walking the dog.
wild horse/dog/pig etc
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
dogs'/cats' home
fight like cat and dog
good girl/boy/dog etc
Good boys, good boys, good boys.
▪ He's a good boy, and he's very strong.
▪ He coughed, told Oliver to dry his eyes and be a good boy, and walked on with him in silence.
▪ He had been a very good boy indeed.
▪ I am Pa's best boy.
▪ I tried to be a good girl and stay out of the way.
▪ Randolph worked his hardest, pulling away, while Santa delivered all the presents to the good boys and girls.
▪ This was where good boys came after they got killed by Rupert.
hot dog roast/oyster roast etc
it's (a case of) the tail wagging the dog
let sleeping dogs lie
▪ The best plan is just to let sleeping dogs lie.
that's a good girl/that's a clever dog etc
the hair of the dog (that bit you)
there's a good boy/clever dog etc
there's life in the old dog yet
you can't teach an old dog new tricks
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ It was a dog of a movie.
▪ Most of the women he goes out with are dogs.
▪ the family dog
II.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
problem
▪ Gladstone was dogged by the problems of Ireland to which his sense of duty drew him.
▪ But Rambus has been dogged by problems-not least buggy chipsets, high prices and questionable performance.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
dogs'/cats' home
good girl/boy/dog etc
Good boys, good boys, good boys.
▪ He's a good boy, and he's very strong.
▪ He coughed, told Oliver to dry his eyes and be a good boy, and walked on with him in silence.
▪ He had been a very good boy indeed.
▪ I am Pa's best boy.
▪ I tried to be a good girl and stay out of the way.
▪ Randolph worked his hardest, pulling away, while Santa delivered all the presents to the good boys and girls.
▪ This was where good boys came after they got killed by Rupert.
hot dog roast/oyster roast etc
it's (a case of) the tail wagging the dog
that's a good girl/that's a clever dog etc
the hair of the dog (that bit you)
there's a good boy/clever dog etc
there's life in the old dog yet
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ Plans for the new campus have been dogged by controversy from the start.
▪ The press dogged him relentlessly.
▪ The team has been dogged by injury all season.
▪ Zambia had none of the heritage of war and violence that dogged, say, Kenya or Zimbabwe.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ All these advances have been real, even when dogged by the ills of which I told you.
▪ But the distrust their action engendered has dogged the investigation since.
▪ Clinton also remains dogged by his avoidance of the draft three decades ago.
▪ Persistent colds, coughs and a temperature have dogged her for the last year.
▪ The fifty nine year old singer who'd been dogged by ill health died at his home in Arbroath on Monday.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
dog

Sundog \Sun"dog`\, n. (Meteorol.)

  1. A luminous spot occasionally seen a few degrees from the sun, supposed to be formed by the intersection of two or more halos, or in a manner similar to that of halos.

  2. A fragmentary rainbow; a small rainbow near the horizon; -- called also dog and weathergaw.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
dog

Old English docga, a late, rare word used of a powerful breed of canine. It forced out Old English hund (the general Germanic and Indo-European word; see canine) by 16c. and subsequently was picked up in many continental languages (French dogue (16c.), Danish dogge), but the origin remains one of the great mysteries of English etymology.\n

\nMany expressions -- a dog's life (c.1600), go to the dogs (1610s), etc. -- reflect earlier hard use of the animals as hunting accessories, not pampered pets. In ancient times, "the dog" was the worst throw in dice (attested in Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit, where the word for "the lucky player" was literally "the dog-killer"), which plausibly explains the Greek word for "danger," kindynas, which appears to be "play the dog."\n

\nSlang meaning "ugly woman" is from 1930s; that of "sexually aggressive man" is from 1950s. Adjectival phrase dog-eat-dog attested by 1850s. Dog tag is from 1918. To dog-ear a book is from 1650s; dog-eared in extended sense of "worn, unkempt" is from 1894. Notwithstanding, as a dog hath a day, so may I perchance have time to declare it in deeds.

[Princess Elizabeth, 1550]

Phrase put on the dog "get dressed up" (1934) may look back to the stiff stand-up shirt collars that in the 1890s were the height of male fashion (and were known as dog-collars at least from 1883), with reference to collars worn by dogs. The common Spanish word for "dog," perro, also is a mystery word of unknown origin, perhaps from Iberian. A group of Slavic "dog" words (Old Church Slavonic pisu, Polish pies, Serbo-Croatian pas) likewise are of unknown origin.
dog

"to track like a dog," 1510s, see dog (n.). Related: Dogged; dogging.

Wiktionary
dog

n. A mammal, ''Canis lupus familiaris'', that has been domesticated for thousands of years, of highly variable appearance due to human breeding. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To pursue with the intent to catch. 2 (context transitive English) To follow in an annoying way, to constantly be affected by.

WordNet
dog
  1. n. a member of the genus Canis (probably descended from the common wolf) that has been domesticated by man since prehistoric times; occurs in many breeds; "the dog barked all night" [syn: domestic dog, Canis familiaris]

  2. a dull unattractive unpleasant girl or woman; "she got a reputation as a frump"; "she's a real dog" [syn: frump]

  3. informal term for a man; "you lucky dog"

  4. someone who is morally reprehensible; "you dirty dog" [syn: cad, bounder, blackguard, hound, heel]

  5. a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll [syn: frank, frankfurter, hotdog, hot dog, wiener, wienerwurst, weenie]

  6. a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward [syn: pawl, detent, click]

  7. metal supports for logs in a fireplace; "the andirons were too hot to touch" [syn: andiron, firedog, dog-iron]

  8. [also: dogging, dogged]

dog
  1. v. go after with the intent to catch; "The policeman chased the mugger down the alley"; "the dog chased the rabbit" [syn: chase, chase after, trail, tail, tag, give chase, go after, track]

  2. [also: dogging, dogged]

Gazetteer
Wikipedia
Dog (zodiac)

The Dog () is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. The Year of the Dog is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol . The character 狗 refers to the actual animal while 戌 refers to the zodiac animal.

Dog (disambiguation)

A dog is a mammal.

Dog or dogs may also refer to:

Dog (film)

Dog is a BAFTA-winning stop motion animated short film written, directed and animated by Suzie Templeton. The film was made at the Royal College of Art in 2001.

Dog (album)

Dog is the third studio album by Sow released in 2010. At this time Sow comprises Anna Wildsmith with "Boys", where the Boys are Rob Henry, Raymond Watts and Mike Watts.

Dog

The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris or Canis familiaris) is a domesticated canid which has been selectively bred over millennia for various behaviours, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes.

Although initially thought to have originated as an artificial variant of an extant canid species (variously supposed as being the dhole, golden jackal, or gray wolf), extensive genetic studies undertaken during the 2010s indicate that dogs diverged from an extinct wolf-like canid in Eurasia 40,000 years ago. Their long association with humans has led to dogs being uniquely attuned to human behavior and able to thrive on a starch-rich diet which would be inadequate for other canid species. Dogs are also the oldest domesticated animal.

Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and military, companionship and, more recently, aiding handicapped individuals. This influence on human society has given them the sobriquet, " man's best friend".

Dog (engineering)

In engineering a dog is a tool that prevents movement or imparts movement by offering physical obstruction or engagement of some kind. It may hold another object in place by blocking it, clamping it, or otherwise obstructing its movement. Or it may couple various parts together so that they move in unison - the primary example of this being a flexible drive to mate two shafts in order to transmit torque. Some devices use dog clutches to lock together two spinning components. In a manual transmission, the dog clutches, or "dogs" lock the selected gear to the shaft it rotates on. Unless the dog is engaged, the gear will simply freewheel on the shaft.

This word usage is a metaphor derived from the idea of a dog (animal) biting and holding on, the "dog" name derived from the basic idea of how a dog jaw locks on, by the movement of the jaw, or by the presence of many teeth. In engineering the "dog" device has some special engineering work when making it – it is not a simple part to make as it is not a simple bar or pipe, and the metal used in its construction is likely to be special rather than regular steel.

There is potential for confusion as "dog tensioners" are levers which are named due to the shape of the lever appearing as a dog leg, as the lever is in a pantograph arrangement, or "dog trailers" which are named due to the use of multiple trailers for transporting animal cages.

Usage examples of "dog".

For when it is stated, for instance, that the German Spitz dog unites more easily than other dogs with foxes, or that certain South American indigenous domestic dogs do not readily cross with European dogs, the explanation which will occur to everyone, and probably the true one, is that these dogs have descended from several aboriginally distinct species.

Round the corner of the narrow street there came rushing a brace of whining dogs with tails tucked under their legs, and after them a white-faced burgher, with outstretched hands and wide-spread fingers, his hair all abristle and his eyes glinting back from one shoulder to the other, as though some great terror were at his very heels.

V With shudders chill as aconite, The couchant chewer of the cud Will start at times in pussy fright Before the dogs, when reads her sprite The streaks predicting streams of blood.

Someone like Aden would make a point of learning the names of the dogs, I felt sure of it.

This human cargo represents a weight of about twenty tons, which is equivalent to that of thirty persons, two boars, three sows, twelve piglets, thirty fowls, ten dogs, twenty rats, a hundred balled or potted breadfruit and banana plants, and twelve tons of watergourds, seeds, yams, tubers, coconuts, adzes and weapons.

The mind of the Humpty-Dumpty was what one would imagine the mind of a dog to be: a simple, affectless reflection of the passing scene.

This made Raymo a figure of respect among his fellow prisoners during the twenty months they would spend in the fortress of La Cabana listening to rifle reports from the moat, where the executions took place, each crisp volley followed by a precise echo, an afterclap, as the prisoners thought about the dog that lived in the moat, lapping up blood.

Unhitching her mare, Aganippe went out with the dog pack, running down several hares and a big ground-dwelling bustard.

Even though Ray, Ake, and the dogs would experience--would live the three minutes they would be in hyperspace--The Spirit of St.

As Ray and the other dogs rushed to join the melee, Ake slowly got out of the hovercraft, stretched his legs, and waved knowingly at a figure standing and watching all the commotion from a respectful distance.

Figuring that the greeting was going to go on for a little while longer, Ake skirted the roiling mass of dog fur and confusion and approached Skerchock.

Not surprisingly, Ake lost his balance and tumbled to the ground, disappearing under hundreds of kilos of insistent scout dogs.

After Ray, Ake, and Skerchock had gone to bed, the dogs gathered around the embers of the dying fire.

She had the broad features common to the Akka people and the broad shoulders of a woman who has tackled a lot of reindeer, and it was hard to tell whether she contemplated those dogs with such an avid gaze because they looked fit to serve her, or to be eaten for supper.

Ernest says that if the exercise was any better than usual it must have been by a fluke, for he is sure that he always liked dogs, especially St Bernard dogs, far too much to take any pleasure in writing Alcaics about them.