Zhao , Chao or Chiu (, , ) is a Chinese family name, ranking as the 7th most common surname in Mainland China and carried mainly by people of Mandarin-speaking regions. Zhao is the 1st surname in the famous Hundred Family Surnames – the traditional list of all Chinese surnames – because it was the emperor's surname of the Song Dynasty (960–1279) when the list was compiled.
The romanized spelling is shared with the much rarer family name Zhào (兆).
Zhao (; Old Chinese: *) was one of the seven major states during the Warring States period of ancient China. At the beginning of the Warring States Period, Zhao was one of the weakest states but gained strength during the reign of King Wuling of Zhao: by the end of the period, Zhao was the only state strong enough to oppose the mighty Qin.
Its territory included areas in modern Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces. The state of Zhao bordered the Xiongnu ( Huns), the states of Qin, Wei and Yan. Its capital was Handan (邯郸), suburb of modern-day Handan City in Hebei.
Zhao may refer to:
- Zhao (surname) (赵), a Chinese surname
- Zhao (state), a historical Chinese state in the Warring States Period
- Triệu dynasty, or Zhao dynasty
- Zhao (Five Dynasties), a historical Chinese state in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period
- Later Zhao, a Chinese state in the Sixteen Kingdoms period
- Zhao County, in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China
- Zhao Mausoleum (Qing Dynasty), mausoleum of the Qing emperor Huang Taji
- Zhao Mausoleum (Tang Dynasty), mausoleum of Chinese Emperor Taizong of Tang
- 兆 (zhào), a Chinese numeral which usually represents 10 or 10
- Admiral Zhao is a villain in the animated series Avatar: The Last Airbender
- David Dawei Zhao, Entrepreneur from china.
Zhao (趙, ~910–~921) was a state early in the Five Dynasties period of the history of China in what is now central Hebei. The ancestors of Zhao's only prince, Wang Rong, had long governed the region as military governors ( Jiedushi) of the Tang dynasty's Chengde Circuit (, headquartered in modern Shijiazhuang, Hebei), and after the collapse of the Tang in 907, the succeeding Later Liang's founding emperor ("Taizu"), Zhu Wen made Wang, then his vassal, the Prince of Zhao. In 910, when the Emperor tried to directly take over the territory of Zhao and its neighboring Yiwu Circuit (, headquartered in modern Baoding, Hebei), Wang Rong and Yiwu's military governor Wang Chuzhi turned against the Later Liang, aligning themselves with Later Liang's archenemy, Jin's prince, Li Cunxu, instead. In 921, Wang Rong's soldiers assassinated him, slaughtered the Wang clan, and supported his adoptive son Zhang Wenli (known as Wang Deming while under Wang Rong's adoption) to succeed him instead. Li Cunxu soon defeated Zhang Wenli's son and successor Zhang Chujin and incorporated Zhao into Jin territory.