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The Zeiformes are a small order of marine ray-finned fishes most notable for the dories, a group of common food fish. The order consists of about 33 species in seven families, mostly deep-sea types.

Zeiform bodies are usually thin and deep. Mouths are large, with distensible jaws, and there is no orbitosphenoid. Pelvic fins have 5-10 soft rays and possibly a spine, 5-10 dorsal fin spines and up to 4 anal fin spines. They range in size from the Dwarf Dory(Macrurocyttus acanthopodus), at in length, to the Cape Dory(Zeus capensis), which measures up to .

The boarfishes ( Caproidae) have been included in this order though they are currently included in the Perciformes.