Crossword clues for xin
XIN is an American comic book created by Kevin Lau, published by Anarchy Studio in 2003. The main character, Xin, also known as Monkey, was based on the character Sun Wukong, from the shenmo fantasy novel Journey to the West, a Chinese literary classic written in the Ming Dynasty. XIN took many facets of the ancient tale and twists them with a modern sensibility.
Xin may refer to:
- Xin Dynasty (新朝), which ruled China from 8–23 AD
- Xin (comics), a comic book by Kevin Lau, or its main character
- Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, abbreviated as Xin, the northwestern region of China
- Xin County, Xinyang, Henan, China
- The Xin River, a tributary to Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province.
- Xin, the Ember Spirit, a character in Defense of the Ancients and Dota 2
- Xin (surname), Chinese surname
- Empress Xin (辛皇后), wife of the Chinese state Former Liang's ruler Zhang Zuo
Xin is the romanization of several Chinese surnames including Xīn 辛, Xīn 新 and Xìn 信, etc. Xīn 辛 is the most common one among these names, it is 379th surname in Hundred Family Surnames.
In Chinese philosophy, xin can refer to one's "disposition" or "feelings" , or to one's confidence or trust in something or someone . Literally, xin refers to the physical heart, though it is sometimes translated as "mind" as the ancient Chinese believed the heart was the center of human cognition. For this reason, it is also sometimes translated as "heart-mind". It has a connotation of intention, yet can be used to refer to long-term goals. Xunzi, an important early Confucian thinker, considered xin to be cultivated during one's life, in contrast to innate qualities of xing , or human nature.
A Daoist view, specifically from the philosopher Zhuangzi, understands xin as being socialized, with environmental pressures influencing personal intentions, sometimes in such a way that can provoke disagreements and conflict. While a Confucian might take heart that xin may be cultivated in order to develop de, or moral virtue, Zhuangzi considered this socialization as detrimental to one's personal nature, somewhat along the lines of the later French philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. However, unlike Rousseau, René Descartes and many other Enlightenment-era European philosophers following the classical example of Plato, emotion and reason were not considered separate entities, but rather as coextensive; xin (-?-, but most likely 心) itself is a concept that is as much cognitive as emotional.