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n. 1 Any Chinese martial art. 2 A modern exhibition and full-contact sport based on traditional Chinese martial arts, created in the People's Republic of China. Also known as modern wushu or contemporary wushu.

Wushu (sport)

Wushu is both an exhibition and a full-contact sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts. It was developed in China after 1949, in an effort to standardize the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts, although attempts to structure the various decentralized martial arts traditions date back earlier, when the Central Guoshu Institute was established at Nanking in 1928. The term wushu is Chinese for "martial arts" (武 "Wu" = military or martial, 术 "Shu" = art). In contemporary times, wushu has become an international sport through the International Wushu Federation (IWUF), which holds the World Wushu Championships every two years; the first World Championships were held in 1991 in Beijing and won by Yuan Wen Qing.

Competitive wushu is composed of two disciplines: taolu (套路; forms) and sanda (散打; sparring).

Taolu involves martial art patterns and maneuvers for which competitors are judged and given points according to specific rules. The forms comprise basic movements (stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps and throws) based on aggregate categories of traditional Chinese martial art styles and can be changed for competitions to highlight one's strengths. Competitive forms have time limits that can range from 1 minute, 20 seconds for some external styles to over five minutes for internal styles. Modern wushu competitors are increasingly training in aerial techniques such as 540-, 720-, and even 900-degree jumps and kicks to add more difficulty and style to their forms.

Sanda (sometimes called sanshou) is a modern fighting method and sport influenced by traditional Chinese boxing, Chinese wrestling methods called Shuai jiao and other Chinese grappling techniques such as Chin Na. It has all the combat aspects of wushu. Sanda appears much like Kickboxing or Muay Thai, but includes many more grappling techniques. Sanda fighting competitions are often held alongside taolu or form competitions.


Wushu may refer to:

  • Chinese martial arts, the various martial arts of China
  • Wushu (sport), a modern exhibition of traditional Chinese martial arts, created in the People's Republic of China
  • Wushu (term), a Chinese term that literally means "martial arts" or "military arts"
  • Wu shu, the Mandarin Chinese title of the 1993 Hong Kong film Run and Kill
  • Wushu (film), a 2008 martial arts film

Usage examples of "wushu".

That their beloved Wushu masters, who they respected and trusted, nearly killed their empire?

You are rare, Francesca, rare to my people because of your differences, rare because you know Wushu when the art is said to be dead.

Chen Sun went into the mountains to live out his days, he was betrayed by those who feared the Wushu would once again rise up against the empire.

Word was sent down when Master Chen died and the art of Wushu died with him.

Master Chen was found and killed by those whose mission it became to avenge those killed by the Wushu masters.

The altered scrolls, the Wushu Uprising, the past hidden from them all, these were all reasons why he was standing where he was now.

Teaching a Zhang prince would ensure the legacy of the Wushu lived on.

She was hardly the Wushu thief come to plague him, the one he thought he knew how to predict.

Ming sent his regrets, Aragon said that he was participating in the wushu tournament in the Festival of Sport and was making an early night of it.

Francesca knew the truth behind the hold Wushu Uprisings, a war that had nearly ended their whole way of life a long time ago.