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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
to whom it may concern
▪ I spent two hours talking to Kaz, whom I'd met only once before.
▪ She had three lovers, none of whom knew about the others.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Who \Who\, pron. [Possess. whose; object. Whom.] [OE. who, wha, AS. hw[=a], interrogative pron., neut. hw[ae]t; akin to OFries. hwa, neut. hwet, OS. hw[=e], neut. hwat, D. wie, neut. wat, G. wer, neut. was, OHG. wer, hwer, neut. waz, hwaz, Icel. hvat, neut., Dan. hvo, neut. hvad, Sw. ho, hvem, neut. hvad, Goth. hwas, fem. hw[=o], neut. hwa, Lith. kas, Ir. & Gael. co, W. pwy, L. quod, neuter of qui, Gr. po`teros whether, Skr. kas. [root]182. Cf. How, Quantity, Quorum, Quote, Ubiquity, What, When, Where, Whether, Which, Whither, Whom, Why.]

  1. Originally, an interrogative pronoun, later, a relative pronoun also; -- used always substantively, and either as singular or plural. See the Note under What, pron., 1. As interrogative pronouns, who and whom ask the question: What or which person or persons? Who and whom, as relative pronouns (in the sense of that), are properly used of persons (corresponding to which, as applied to things), but are sometimes, less properly and now rarely, used of animals, plants, etc. Who and whom, as compound relatives, are also used especially of persons, meaning the person that; the persons that; the one that; whosoever. ``Let who will be President.''

    [He] should not tell whose children they were.

    There thou tell'st of kings, and who aspire; Who fall, who rise, who triumph, who do moan.

    Adders who with cloven tongues Do hiss into madness.

    Whom I could pity thus forlorn.

    How hard is our fate, who serve in the state.

    Who cheapens life, abates the fear of death.

    The brace of large greyhounds, who were the companions of his sports.
    --Sir W. Scott.

  2. One; any; one. [Obs., except in the archaic phrase, as who should say.]

    As who should say, it were a very dangerous matter if a man in any point should be found wiser than his forefathers were.
    --Robynson (More's Utopia).


Whom \Whom\, pron. [OE. wham, AS. dative hw[=a]m, hw?m. See Who.] The objective case of who. See Who.

Note: In Old English, whom was also commonly used as a dative. Cf. Him.

And every grass that groweth upon root She shall eke know, and whom it will do boot.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

objective case of who, Old English hwam (Proto-Germanic *hwam), dative form of hwa (see who). Ungrammatical use of who form whom is attested from c.1300.


pron. 1 What person or people; which person or people, as the object of a verb. 2 What person or people; which person or people, as the object of a preposition.


WHOM (94.9 FM, "94.9 WHOM") is an American radio station which airs an adult contemporary format. It transmits from atop Mount Washington in New Hampshire, the tallest peak in the Northeast. WHOM's signal can be heard in five states and part of Canada ( New Hampshire, Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, New York and Quebec). While the station can be heard all over Northern New England, WHOM broadcasts from and considers itself part of the Portland, Maine radio market. WHOM had for a long time claimed on its website that it has the largest coverage area of any FM station in the USA. The station also streams its programming over the internet from its official web page. It is owned by Townsquare Media.

WHOM promotes its programming as "safe for the whole family." In addition to local DJs, the station also airs the syndicated John Tesh radio show.

Usage examples of "whom".

After breakfast I sent for mine host and ordered an excellent supper for five persons, feeling certain that Don Sancio, whom I expected in the evening, would not refuse to honour me by accepting my invitation, and with that idea I made up my mind to go without my dinner.

The principles of everything we are acquainted with must necessarily have been revealed to those from whom we have received them by the great, supreme principle, which contains them all.

I certainly did not act towards them with a true sense of honesty, but if the reader to whom I confess myself is acquainted with the world and with the spirit of society, I entreat him to think before judging me, and perhaps I may meet with some indulgence at his hands.

Tramontini, with whom I had become acquainted, presented him to his wife, who was called Madame Tasi.

Although he was ignorant and devoid of any merit save a handsome face, he thought that an ecclesiastical career would insure his happiness, and he depended a great deal upon his preaching, for which, according to the opinion of the women with whom he was acquainted, he had a decided talent.

I can assure you that the friend, to whom we will give a spectacle worthy of Paphos and Amathos, shall see or hear nothing likely to make him suppose that I am acquainted with his secret.

I was greeted very courteously by three officers whom I had become acquainted with at the coffee house, and I walked along the promenade with them.

I was still more pleased at the chance which had made me acquainted with Martinelli, whom I had known by repute for six years.

I saw, sitting before a table, a woman already somewhat advanced in age, with two young girls and two boys, but I looked in vain for the actress, whom Don Sancio Pico at last presented to me in the shape of one of the two boys, who was remarkably handsome and might have been seventeen.

An actress named Quinault, who had left the stage and lived close by, came to call, and soon after Madame Favart and the Abbe de Voisenon arrived, followed by Madame Amelin with a handsome lad named Calabre, whom she called her nephew.

Three months later Madame Costa, the actress whom he had gone to see at Gorice, told me that she would never have believed in the possibility of such a creature existing if she had not known Count Torriano.

But the inconveniences of childbirth and the cares required by a little girl whom I adore, made me defer this pleasure.

I then found myself: it was a sort of spite, because the angel whom I adored had displeased me by a caprice, which, had I not been unworthy of her, would only have caused me to be still more attached to her.

How was it possible to endure such a scene going on in the presence of an innocent girl whom I adored, when I had to fight hard myself with my own burning desires so as not to abuse her innocence!

I loved her tenderly, I adored her, but at that moment it was not her whom I wanted, because at first her presence had struck me as a mystification.