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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

type of fish (pike-perch), 1876, American English, said to be so-called from the positioning of the eyes (see wall-eyed).


n. 1 One or a pair of sideways-looking misaligned eyes. 2 An unusually pale eye. 3 A species of gamefish, (taxlink Sander vitreus species noshow=1), native to the Northern U.S. and Canada with pale, reflective eyes.

  1. n. strabismus in which one or both eyes are directed outward [syn: divergent strabismus, exotropia]

  2. pike-like freshwater perches [syn: walleyed pike, jack salmon, Stizostedion vitreum]


Walleye (Sander vitreus, formerly Stizostedion vitreum) is a freshwater perciform fish native to most of Canada and to the Northern United States. It is a North American close relative of the European Zander, also known as the pikeperch. The walleye is sometimes called the yellow walleye to distinguish it from the blue walleye, which is a subspecies that was once found in the southern Ontario and Quebec regions, but are now presumed extinct. However, recent genetic analysis of a preserved (frozen) 'blue walleye' sample suggests that the blue and yellow walleye were simply phenotypes within the same species and do not merit separate taxonomic classification.

In some parts of its range, the walleye is known as the walleyed pike, colored pike, yellow pike or pickerel (esp. in English-speaking Canada), although the fish is not related to other species of pikes which are members of the family Esocidae.

Walleyes show a fair amount of variation across watersheds. In general, fish within a watershed are quite similar and are genetically distinct from those of nearby watersheds. The species has been artificially propagated for over a century and has been planted on top of existing populations or introduced into waters naturally devoid of the species, sometimes reducing the overall genetic distinctiveness of populations.

Walleye (disambiguation)

Walleye may refer to:

  • Walleye, a freshwater fish native to most of Canada and the northern United States
  • Blue walleye, a subspecies of walleye that became extinct in the 1970s
  • AGM-62 Walleye, a television-guided glide bomb used during the 1960s
  • Wisconsin Walleye War, a 1987–91 episode of civil unrest over the hunting and fishing rights of Chippewas outside of their reservation
  • Toledo Walleye, a professional ice hockey team based in Toledo, Ohio.
  • Conditions relating to eyes
    • Strabismus, in which the two eyes do not point in the same direction
    • a variety of heterochromia, in which one eye has a white or blue-ish white iris
    • eyeshine, as of the walleye fish
  • Wall eye, one name for a horse's blue eye.

Usage examples of "walleye".

We need Strike, Bullpup, Walleye, Falcon, Sparrow, and Sidewinder missiles.

He was just glad for the time to bone u p on his knowledge of bait and lures for walleye.

For the first time he noticed all of Leo's certificates and commendations still tacked up on his ego wall, and Wally the Walleye preserved for all eternity on a walnut plaque above the file cabinets, cigar butt sticking out of his ugly fish mouth.

He wasn't merely observing or noting characters, as was his habit, but looking through them, past them, for one particular character, a Queer Duck dressed in black, with a walleye and an umbrella, a strange-gaited, long-haired, absent-minded professor sort of guy with funny shoes and a secret.

Then he picked up the day's catch of bass and walleyes and swayed on toward the icehouse.

He selected several choice walleyes, and turned the rest of the catch loose.

He'd been trying to get interested in the wedgehead jigs in the Bass Pro Shops catalog, since according to the fine print below the picture they were supposed to be dynamite for walleyes and both largemouth and smallmouth bass, none of which he'd ever had any luck with.