Wachtel is a surname of German origin, meaning quail. Notable people with this surname include:
- Arthur Wachtel (1904–1997), New York politician and judge
- Christine Wachtel (born 1965), German track and field athlete
- Eleanor Wachtel (born 1947), Canadian writer and broadcaster.
- Marion Wachtel (1875–1954), American painter
- Waddy Wachtel (born 1947), American musician