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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ In 1206 he helped to victual the fleet in preparation for John's campaign in Gascony.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Victual \Vict"ual\, n.

  1. Food; -- now used chiefly in the plural. See Victuals.
    --2 Chron. xi. 23. Shak.

    He was not able to keep that place three days for lack of victual.

    There came a fair-hair'd youth, that in his hand Bare victual for the movers.

    Short allowance of victual.

  2. Grain of any kind. [Scot.]


Victual \Vict"ual\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Victualedor Victualled; p. pr. & vb. n. Victualing or Victualling.] To supply with provisions for subsistence; to provide with food; to store with sustenance; as, to victual an army; to victual a ship.

I must go victual Orleans forthwith.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

c.1300; see victuals.


mid-14c., "to stock or supply (a ship, garrison, etc.) with provisions to last for some time," from Anglo-French or Old French vitaillier (12c.), from vitaille (see victuals). Related: Victualed; victualing; Victualer; victualler.\n


n. 1 food fit for human consumption. 2 (context Scotland English) grain of any kind vb. 1 (context transitive English) To provide with food; to provision. 2 (context intransitive English) To lay in food supplies. 3 (context intransitive English) To eat.

  1. v. supply with food; "The population was victualed during the war"

  2. lay in provisions; "The vessel victualled before the long voyage"

  3. take in nourishment

  4. [also: victualling, victualled]

  1. n. any substance that can be used as food [syn: comestible, edible, eatable, pabulum, victuals]

  2. [also: victualling, victualled]

Usage examples of "victual".

In consequence, the governor ordered all those whose time of being victualled had expired, to be struck off the list, and left to provide for themselves, a punishment which they richly deserved--some of them had been permitted to receive their rations for more than a year after their EIGHTEEN MONTHS had expired--the term specified by government.

In order still more to reduce the high price of corn, and to prevent any supply of provisions from being sent to our enemies in America, a third bill was brought in, prohibiting, for a time therein limited, the exportation of corn, grain, meal, malt, flour, bread, biscuit, starch, beef, pork, bacon, or other victual, from any of the British plantations, unless to Great Britain or Ireland, or from one colony to another.

If I decide against the Principessa, then I can rejoin you both aboard the next ship that comes into victual.

To dine upon the taste and goodness of victuals, without eating the unnourishing substance?

In March the mayor, Henry Barton, was made a commissioner for victualling the navy which was to rendezvous at Southampton.

Afterwards for provisions and victualling they draw out of the same common stock about 200 pieces of eight.

In the meanwhile he gave orders for so much rice and maize to be collected thereabouts as was necessary for the victualling all his ships.

Captain Aubrey suggested to the Supreme Director that the right and natural place for all these things was Valparaiso, to be conveyed in the Surprise as far as the chests were concerned, while the huge accumulation of marine stores lying outside the magazines, lofts and victualling buildings should travel in the two large smacks lying just beyond the frigate outside the mole.

Admiralty down on him like a hundred of bricks, but also the Navy Office, the Transport Board, the Victualling Office, the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, the Home Office, and no doubt half a dozen other bodies, each better than the last at calling for accounts, dockets and vouchers, at handing down reprimands, at holding officers liable for extraordinary sums, and at involving them in endless official correspondence.

No, my chief concern is victualling, victualling for what may be quite a long voyage, since I have no instruments.

There was not only the lengthening but the re-rigging, the caulking, the victualling and a thousand other things.

We had learned through long experience that apples, like most victuals of life, sold better with a side dressing of hokum and nostalgia.

I ordered a reasonable amount of nosh, mainly butties, soup, bakewells, a battenburg for her because she likes, liked, sweet victuals.

Yet she buys from posh London shops, has panniers of pricey victuals delivered by yak drovers each rustic dawn.

The merchants of Gambia were supposed to victual this garrison, but the rations supplied were considered by Massey to be quite insufficient.