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utu

n. (context New Zealand English) recompense, payback; revenge.

Wikipedia
Utu

Utu (Akkadian rendition of Sumerian UD ???????? " Sun", Assyro-Babylonian Shamash "Sun") is the Sun god in Sumerian mythology, the son of the moon god Nanna and the goddess Ningal. His brother and sisters are Ishkur, Ereshkigal, and his twin sister Inanna. His center cult was located in the city of Larsa.

Utu is the god of the sun, justice, application of law, and the lord of truth. He is usually depicted as wearing a horned helmet and carrying a saw-edged weapon not unlike a pruning saw. It is thought that every day, Utu emerges from a mountain in the east, symbolizing dawn, and travels either via chariot or boat across the Earth, returning to a hole in a mountain in the west, symbolizing sunset. Every night, Utu descends into the underworld to decide the fate of the dead. He is also depicted as carrying a mace, and standing with one foot on a mountain. Its symbol is "sun rays from the shoulders, and or sun disk or a saw".

The sun god is only modestly mentioned in Sumerian mythology with one of the notable exceptions being the Epic of Gilgamesh. In the myth, Gilgamesh seeks to establish his name with the assistance of Utu, because of his connection with the cedar mountain. Gilgamesh and his father, Lugalbanda were kings of the first dynasty of Uruk, a lineage that Jeffrey H. Tigay suggested could be traced back to Utu himself. He further suggested that Lugalbanda's association with the sun-god in the Old Babylonian version of the epic strengthened "the impression that at one point in the history of the tradition the sun-god was also invoked as an ancestor".

Marduk is spelled AMAR.UTU in Sumerian, literally, "the calf of Utu" or "the young bull of the Sun".

Utu (film)

Utu is a 1983 New Zealand movie directed and co-written by Geoff Murphy. Anzac Wallace, who had done little acting up until that point, takes the starring role of Te Wheke, a warrior who sets out to get vengeance after British forces kill his people. The cast also includes Bruno Lawrence and Kelly Johnson. Sometimes described as "a Maori Western", Utu was reputed to have one of the largest budgets for a New Zealand film up until that time.

The film'' ''screened out of competition at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival, and became the second most successful local movie released in New Zealand to that date. Positive reviews in America, including a rave review from Pauline Kael, helped win Murphy directing work in Hollywood.

Partly inspired by events from Te Kooti's War, the film tells of a Māori soldier setting out to get utu, or vengeance, on his former allies after the British army destroys his home village and kills his uncle. The film is set in the 1870s.

In 2013, partly thanks to the longtime existence of an alternative cut of the film aimed at international audiences, which Geoff Murphy had never been happy with, he completed work on a restored and recut version. Utu Redux, as it is known, premiered at the Wellington International Film Festival on 26 July 2013.

Utu (disambiguation)

Utu can refer to the following things:

  • Utu, a Sumerian deity
  • Utu (Māori concept), a Māori word referring to a ritualised revenge or payback to restore balance
    • Utu (film), a New Zealand film
  • Utu (gunboat), an Estonian gunboat during World War II
  • The Ulster Teachers' Union
  • The United Transportation Union
  • University of Turku
  • Untriunium, a hypothetical chemical element
  • Utu, Estonia, village in Käina Parish, Hiiu County, Estonia
  • Fibera KK-1e Utu, glider
Utu (Māori concept)

Utu is a Māori concept of reciprocation or balance.

To retain mana, both friendly and unfriendly actions require an appropriate response - hence utu covers both the reciprocation of kind deeds, and the seeking of revenge. In contemporary usage, the word is also used to mean 'cost', in the sense of monetary value.

Usage examples of "utu".

The title of the seven Sons of Muspell: Adad, An, Enki, Enlil, Marduk, Nannar, Utu.

Ziusudra was his name, and like the present-day Patesi Utu, he had worshipped the Igigi, the three hundred gods of Muspell, rather than dealing with demons from Kur.

Ziusudra was his name, and like the present day Patesi Utu, he had worshipped the Igigi, the three hundred gods of Muspell, rather than dealing with demons from Kur.

Ziusudra was his name, and like the present-day Patesi Utu, he had worshipped the Igigi, the three hundred gods of Muspell, rather than dealing with demons from Kur.

Many hacker groups further re-encrypt their names by the use of acronyms: United Technical Underground becomes UTU, Farmers of Doom become FoD, the United SoftWareZ Force becomes, at its own insistence, "TuSwF," and woe to the ignorant rodent who capitalizes the wrong letters.

Rare Utu loosed the wordOwen like a shriek, and started to pull at her captor, while Haheh’s body ran like butter in a furnace, the blebs bursting in wheels of colors and pouring off into the street.

  Rare Utu loosed the word Owen like a shriek, and started to pull at her captor, while Haheh's body ran like butter in a furnace, the blebs bursting in wheels of colors and pouring off into the street.