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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

city in northern Italy, Italian Torino, Roman Augusta Taurinorum, probably from the Taurini, a Ligurian people who had a capital there, the name perhaps from Celtic *tauro "mountain" or *tur "water," but long interpreted by folk etymology as from Latin taurus "bull."

Turin, NY -- U.S. village in New York
Population (2000): 263
Housing Units (2000): 134
Land area (2000): 1.022485 sq. miles (2.648224 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.022485 sq. miles (2.648224 sq. km)
FIPS code: 75682
Located within: New York (NY), FIPS 36
Location: 43.628921 N, 75.409355 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 13473
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Turin, NY
Turin, GA -- U.S. town in Georgia
Population (2000): 165
Housing Units (2000): 68
Land area (2000): 1.254953 sq. miles (3.250312 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 1.254953 sq. miles (3.250312 sq. km)
FIPS code: 77764
Located within: Georgia (GA), FIPS 13
Location: 33.326798 N, 84.634064 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Turin, GA
Turin, IA -- U.S. city in Iowa
Population (2000): 75
Housing Units (2000): 39
Land area (2000): 0.084044 sq. miles (0.217673 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.084044 sq. miles (0.217673 sq. km)
FIPS code: 79185
Located within: Iowa (IA), FIPS 19
Location: 42.020792 N, 95.967541 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 51059
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Turin, IA
Turin (disambiguation)

Turin is the capital city of Piedmont Region, in north-west Italy. Turin may also refer to the following:


Turín is a municipality in the Ahuachapán department of El Salvador.


Turin ( ; , pronounced ) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region. The city is located mainly on the western bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley and surrounded by the western Alpine arch and by the Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 892,649 (August 2015) while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million.

In 1997 a part of the historical center of Torino was inscribed in the World Heritage List under the name Residences of the Royal House of Savoy.

The city has a rich culture and history, and is known for its numerous art galleries, restaurants, churches, palaces, opera houses, piazzas, parks, gardens, theatres, libraries, museums and other venues. Turin is well known for its renaissance, baroque, rococo, neo-classical, and art nouveau architecture.

Much of the city's public squares, castles, gardens and elegant palazzi such as Palazzo Madama, were built in the 16th to 18th century, after the capital of the Duchy of Savoy (later Kingdom of Sardinia) was moved to Turin from Chambery (now in France) as part of the urban expansion.

The city used to be a major European political centre, being Italy's first capital city in 1861 and being home to the House of Savoy, Italy's royal family. It was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy from 1563, then of the Kingdom of Sardinia ruled by the Royal House of Savoy and finally the first capital of the unified Italy. Turin is sometimes called the cradle of Italian liberty, for having been the birthplace and home of notable politicians and people who contributed to the Risorgimento, such as Cavour.

The city currently hosts some of Italy's best universities, colleges, academies, lycea and gymnasia, such as the six-century-old University of Turin and the Turin Polytechnic. Prestigious and important museums, such as the Museo Egizio and the Mole Antonelliana are also found in the city. Turin's several monuments and sights make it one of the world's top 250 tourist destinations, and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008.

Even though much of its political significance and importance had been lost by World War II, it became a major European crossroad for industry, commerce and trade, and currently is one of Italy's main industrial centres, being part of the famous "industrial triangle", along with Milan and Genoa. Turin is ranked third in Italy, after Milan and Rome, for economic strength. With a GDP of $58 billion, Turin is the world's 78th richest city by purchasing power, and has been ranked by GaWC as a Gamma- world city. Turin is also home to much of the Italian automotive industry.

Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football teams Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., the headquarters of automobile manufacturers FIAT, Lancia and Alfa Romeo, and as host of the 2006 Winter Olympics.

Usage examples of "turin".

Then in 1820, when a chair of mathematical physics was created at the University of Turin, the position was given to Avogadro, but he was not to hold it for long.

Nice to Genoa, from Genoa to Turin, from Turin to Chambery, from Chambery to Pont-de-Beauvoisin, and from Pont-de-Beauvoisin to Paris.

In 1578, it was moved from Chambery to Turin on orders of the Duke of Savoy.

Travelers to Italy across the Alps usually went by way of the Mont Cenis pass from Chambery in the territory of Savoy to Turin.

The design of the chapel is by Morondi, and the figures by Carlantonio Tandarini, except that of Annas, which is by Giambattista Bernesi of Turin.

I sent his pates to my friends in Venice, Warsaw, and Turin, and everybody thanked me for the delicious dish.

I am Luigi Mansoni, formerly of Verona, Italy, but now I live here in Turin.

Chevalier Osorio tells me that you have business in Turin which will keep you for some days.

Horus during the Typhonian wars, are mentioned in a Turin fragment of the Canon of the Kings, in which the author summarizes the chronology of the divine period.

Giles, a great power in Turin, and a kind of protecting deity to all actresses, summoned me to her presence by a liveried footman.

Belloni and got a letter of credit on Turin, where I expected to find the Abbe Gama and to receive a commission to represent the Portuguese Court at the Congress of Augsburg, to which all Europe was looking forward, and then I went to inspect my little room, where I hoped to meet Mariuccia the next day.

I was told that I must wait on him, and he would give me leave to remain at Turin till my affairs were settled.

I continued thus till the middle of May, when I left Turin, after receiving letters from the Abbe Gama to Lord Stormont, who was to represent England at the approaching Congress.

I got a letter of credit on an Augsburg house, and three days after I left Turin I was at Chamberi.

In the evening I had one of the best suppers I ever had in my life, if I except those I enjoyed during my stay at Turin.