Turau (femnine-language: Turava) is a Belarusian-language surname. It may also be transliterated from Belarusian as Turaŭ or Turaw.
The surname may refer to:
- Turov (surname), Russian-language form; may be used interchangeably with the Belausian form for Belarusian persons
- Ryta Turava, Belarusian athlete, competing in race walking
- Alesia Turava, Belarusian athlete, middle distance runner