Tūrān ( Persian ) literally means "the land of the Tur", and is a region in Central Asia. The term is of Persian origin and may refer to a certain prehistoric human settlement, a historic geographical region, or a culture. The original Turanians were an Iranian tribe of the Avestan age.
Turan is an ethnic and geographic term referring to certain areas and peoples of Central Asia.
Turan may also refer to:People
- Turan (name), a name of differing origins, including a list of people named Turan
- Turan, Azerbaijan, a village in Shaki Rayon
- Tur'an, Israeli-Arab local council in the North District of Israel
- Turan, Russia, several inhabited localities in Russia
- Turan Urban Settlement, a municipal formation which Turan Town Under District Jurisdiction in Piy-Khemsky District of the Tuva Republic, Russia is incorporated as
- Turan (Baluchistan), a medieval region in east-central Baluchistan
- Turan (İZBAN), a commuter rail station in İzmir, Turkey
- Turan Depression, a desert basin along the Caspian Sea stretching from southern Turkmenistan through Uzbekistan to Kazakhstan
- Turan, Iran (disambiguation), places in Iran
- Fort Turan, alternative name of Fort Terán, a former settlement in Texas, United States
- Turan (satrapy), a satrapy of the Sassanid Empire
- Turan, fictional empire of the Hyborian Age in the Conan the Barbarian mythos
- Turan Kingdom, a kingdom in Last Exile, a Japanese animated television series
- Turan Corporation, the first company to specialize in Turkish and emerging-market debt.
- Turan (mythology), Etruscan goddess, roughly equivalent of Greek Aphrodite and Roman Venus
- Turán (periodical), a Hungarian journal
- Turan Air, an Azerbaijani airline
- Turan ensemble, a Kazakh folk music band
- Turan Information Agency, a news agency based in Baku, Azerbaijan
- 40M Turán I, a Hungarian tank of World War II
Turan was the Etruscan goddess of love, fertility and vitality and patroness of the city of Velch. In art, she was usually depicted as a young winged girl. Turan appears in toilette scenes of Etruscan bronze mirrors. She is richly robed and jeweled in early and late depictions, but appears nude under the influence of Hellenistic art in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE. She is paired with her young lover Atunis ( Adonis) and figures in the episode of the Judgement of Paris.
She was commonly associated with birds such as the dove, goose and above all the swan, Tusna, "the swan of Turan". Her retinue were called Lasas. Turan may be quite ancient but does not appear on the Piacenza list nor in Martianus list of Etruscan deities. The Etruscan month of July was named after her, although we only know the Latin word for it, Traneus.
She was seen as the equivalent to the Roman Venus and the Greek Aphrodite. Her name is the pre-Hellenic root of "Turannos" (absolute ruler), so Turan can be viewed as “Mistress".
Turan had a sanctuary in the Greek-influenced Gravisca, the port for Tarquinia, where votive gifts inscribed with her name have been found. One inscription calls her Turan ati, "Mother Turan" which has been interpreted as connecting her to Venus Genetrix, Venus the mother of Aeneas and progenitor of the Julio-Claudian lineage.
The Gallo-Roman Museum (Tongeren, Belgium) Exhibition on Etruscans (April 2013), states that TURAN in Etruscan, actually means DOVE.
Turan is one of the few Etruscan Goddesses who has indeed, survived into Tuscan Folklore. Called "Turanna", she is said to be a spirit of love and happiness who helps lovers in love.
Turan is a personal name of differing origins, it may refer to:
Turan , the medieval Islamic name for the district around Khuzdar, south of modern Quetta, in the east-central part of what is now Baluchistan, the territory in British Indian times of the Khanate of Kalat.
Tabari, Istakhri and Ibn Hawqal mentioned Turan in their history books.
Turan (or Tooran ) is a small village in Phillaur tehsil of Jalandhar District of Punjab State, India. It is located 1 km away from Apra-Banga road and 11 km away from postal head office Dosanjh Kalan. The village is 3 km away from census town Apra, 16 km from Phillaur, 42 km from Jalandhar, and 120 km from state capital Chandigarh. The village is administrated by Sarpanch who is elected representative of village.
Turán is a Hungarian periodical. First it was issued during the years 1913, and 1917 through 1918. From 1998 it is being issued again bi-monthly by the Hungarian company "Magyar Őstörténeti Kutató és Kiadó Kht." ("Researcher and Publisher of Hungarian Prehistory Ltd."; editors in chief: Ferenc Lovass 1998-2000, Előd Esztergály 2000-).
Note: Some online databases use this ISSN to refer to the Factiva online database entry called "Turan ( Azerbaijan, Russian Language)". However, the original Factiva database entry does not contain any ISSN which suggests that the references are wrong. Since the ISSN Register is not public, do not delete this page for this reason unless you received direct evidence from the ISSN organisation (www.issn.org), or the regional ISSN issuing centre, the National Széchényi Library of Hungary.
Considering the similarities and the differences, the Factiva entry may also be an erroneous duplicate of "Turan Information Agency (Azerbaijan)" which is the only Azerbaijani periodical of this name to be online – both in Russian and in English.