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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Tun \Tun\, n. [AS. tunne. See Ton a weight.]

  1. A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.

  2. (Brewing) A fermenting vat.

  3. A certain measure for liquids, as for wine, equal to two pipes, four hogsheads, or 252 gallons. In different countries, the tun differs in quantity.

  4. (Com.) A weight of 2,240 pounds. See Ton. [R.]

  5. An indefinite large quantity.

    A tun of man in thy large bulk is writ.

  6. A drunkard; -- so called humorously, or in contempt.

  7. (Zo["o]l.) Any shell belonging to Dolium and allied genera; -- called also tun-shell.


Tun \Tun\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Tunned; p. pr. & vb. n. Tunning.] To put into tuns, or casks.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"large cask," especially one for wine, ale, or beer, Old English tunne "tun, cask, barrel," a general North Sea Germanic word (compare Old Frisian tunne, Middle Dutch tonne, Old High German tunna, German tonne), also found in Medieval Latin tunna (9c.) and Old French tonne (diminutive tonneau); perhaps from a Celtic source (compare Middle Irish, Gaelic tunna, Old Irish toun "hide, skin"). Tun-dish (late 14c.) was a funnel made to fit into the bung of a tun.\n\n-- That? said Stephen. -- Is that called a funnel? Is it not a tundish?
-- What is a tundish?

--That. The ... the funnel.

--Is that called a tundish in Ireland? -- asked the dean. -- I never heard the word in my life.
-- It is called a tundish in Lower Drumcondra -- said Stephen, laughing -- where they speak the best English.
-- A tundish -- said the dean reflectively. -- That is a most interesting word I must look that word up. Upon my word I must.
His courtesy of manner rang a little false, and Stephen looked at the English convert with the same eyes as the elder brother in the parable may have turned on the prodigal.

[Joyce, "Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man"]


n. 1 A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask. 2 (context brewing English) A fermenting vat. 3 An old English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 252 wine gallons; equal to two pipes. 4 A weight of 2,240 pounds. 5 An indefinite large quantity. vb. (context transitive English) To put into tuns, or casks.

  1. n. a large cask especially one holding a volume equivalent to 2 butts or 252 gals

  2. [also: tunning, tunned]


TUN or tun may refer to:

Tun (unit)

Tun is a unit used in US fluid measure. Its symbol is US tu. Tun was also a US unit of capacity for wine.

Other usages refer English wine cask units

Tun (Maya calendar)

A Tun is a part of the ancient Maya Long Count Calendar system which corresponds to 18 winal cycles or 360 days.

TUN (product standard)

TUN is a Danish product standard numbering system identifying building materials, managed by Danish Timber & Building Merchants' Trade Organization (Trælasthandlerunionen). Currently more than 30,000 products are identified. TUN numbers are assigned to suppliers identifying products and therefore a product with several suppliers can have more than one TUN number. TUN numbers are currently being mapped against UNSPSC.

Usage examples of "tun".

Can this thing, he wondered queasily, be substituting for the tun tubs of a normal brewery?

Dios uay ti peten uay tu lumil Sacuholpatal Sacmutix tun, Ah Mutule, tunal Pech culhi uay ti cah lae.

Then he saw Tunner himself, his back to him, standing in front of a large window that looked out over a green lawn, some bushes with bright red flowers and the curving trunk of a palm tree.

Tall, trim and still very muscular, Tunner could have been taken for a younger man, even though his black hair was flecked with gray.

Richard said, knowing that under the circumstances Tunner would interpret his request as an order from Admiral Hopper.

He knew he may have made an enemy of Tunner and a man like Tunner had many, many friends in and out of the service.

Thursday, November 16 1600 Richard did not approve of anger either in himself or in others, so he let his annoyance at Tunner go and turned his attention to the problem of the submarine: first, whose was it?

Richard asked him, realizing now that Tunner had probably notified Gray to protect himself should any questions ever arise about the incident.

Richard shook his head, then took the message Tunner had sent to Gray, put it in the packet with the photographs, and replaced all of the material in the wall safe.

Hopper had gone down to Roosevelt Roads for a firsthand briefing from Tunner himself.

We even had dummy messages sent to Captain Richard from Admiral Tunner through Captain Gray, so Richard would be lulled into thinking another officer knew about the unidentified submarine.

You contact Admiral Tunner and tell him I called and asked for the lieutenant.

Admiral Tunner gave me his name and his serial number and I had one of my men run a check on him .

I want you to place Captain Gray, Captain Morris and Admiral Tunner under immediate surveillance.

With Tunning and Dawsett, each delegated as a car commander, Lewsham made haste to reach the street.