Tulum (, Yucatec: Tulu'um) is the site of a Pre-Columbian Maya walled city serving as a major port for Cobá.
"Maya sites in Quintana Roo: Tulúm" (history),
Athena Review Vol.2, no.1, 2003, webpage:
The ruins are situated on tall cliffs, along the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula on the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Tulum was one of the last cities built and inhabited by the Maya; it was at its height between the 13th and 15th centuries and managed to survive about 70 years after the Spanish began occupying Mexico. Old World diseases brought by the Spanish settlers appear to have resulted in very high fatalities, disrupting the society and eventually causing the city to be abandoned. One of the best-preserved coastal Maya sites, Tulum is today a popular site for tourists.
The tulum'' (guda'' (გუდა) in Laz) is a musical instrument, a form of bagpipe from Turkey. It is droneless with two parallel chanters, and is usually played by the Laz and Hamsheni peoples and by Pontic Greeks (particularly Chaldians). It is a prominent instrument in the music of Pazar, Hemşin, Çamlıhemşin, Ardeşen, Fındıklı, Arhavi, Hopa, some other districts of Artvin and in the villages of the Tatos range (the watershed between the provinces of Rize and Trabzon) of İspir. It is the characteristic instrument of the transhumant population of the north-eastern provinces of Anatolia and, like the kemençe in its area, the tulum imposes its style on all the dance and entertainment music of those for whom it is "our music".
Tulum may refer to:
- Tulum — an archaeological site of the Maya civilization on the Yucatán peninsula
- Tulum, Quintana Roo— a modern township in the Tulum Municipality, Quintana Roo, Mexico, near the archaeological site
- Tulum Municipality — a subdivision of the Mexican state Quintana Roo
- Tulum (bagpipe) — a traditional musical instrument from Eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus regions
- Tulum Valley — an Argentine wine making region located within the San Juan province.
- Tulum cheese — a goat's milk cheese from Turkey
Tulum is one of the ten municipalities that make up the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It became one of the newest municipalities in the country when it was formed on March 13, 2008, when it was separated from Solidaridad Municipality.
Tulum is home to the Maya archaeological sites of Tulum and Cobá.