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n. (context disease English) An infectious disease caused by the bacterium ''Francisella tularensis''.


n. a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals [syn: tularaemia, rabbit fever, deer fly fever, yatobyo]


Tularemia is a serious infectious disease caused by the intracellular bacterium Francisella tularensis. It causes fever, and sometimes ulceration at the site of entry and/or swelling of nearby lymph nodes. It can cause severe pneumonia.

Francisella tularensis is a Gram-negative, nonmotile, pleomorphic coccobacillus, the bacterium has several subspecies with varying degrees of virulence. The most important of those is F. tularensis tularensis (Type A), which is found in lagomorphs (rabbits, hares and pikas) in North America, and it is highly virulent in humans and domestic rabbits. F. tularensis palaearctica (Type B) occurs mainly in aquatic rodents ( beavers, muskrats) in North America and in hares and small rodents in northern Eurasia. It is less virulent for humans and rabbits. The primary vectors are ticks and deer flies, but the disease can also be spread through other arthropods. The disease is named after Tulare County, California.

Usage examples of "tularemia".

We know that the Soviets also manufactured plague for use in weapons and researched other biological agents, including all those discussed in the chapters in this book, such as anthrax, tularemia, and botulinum toxin.

Even then, it would take some detective work to identify tularemia, as opposed to inhalational plague or anthrax.

Our success with tularemia the previous year had turned Kalinin into an influential figure.

Finding cures for cancer, sleeping sickness, treatments for chagres fever, dengue disease, tularemia, and things like that.

Of course, nosocomial tularemia doesn’t make any more sense than nosocomial plague.

They tried typhoid, bubonic plague, pneumonic plague, meningitis, and tularemia.