Tarare is a commune in the Rhône department in eastern France.
It lies on the Turdine river, 28 miles west-northwest of Lyon by rail.
Tarare is an opéra ( tragédie lyrique) composed by Antonio Salieri to a French libretto by Pierre Beaumarchais. It was first performed by the Paris Opera at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin on 8 June 1787. Salieri also reworked the material into an Italian version retitled Axur, re d'Ormus with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, which opened in Vienna in January 1788.