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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ Although the media of political socialization have changed over time, the content has not.
▪ We can relate specific adult political attitudes and behavioral propensities to the manifest and latent political socialization experiences of childhood.
▪ Both are important in the context of political socialization.
▪ Thus media are often a major agent of political socialization that government uses to serve its own agenda.
▪ None the less, family remains the most important primary influence in the process of political socialization.
▪ Second, the agents of political socialization might exercise important formative or continuing influence over the beliefs and actions of political activists.
▪ The media for political socialization in Britain are not dissimilar to those in the United States and many other polities.
Political Socialization Research has also attempted to identify whether any agents of political socialization have a particularly strong effect on extremist-activists.
▪ Primary socialization, probably the most important aspect of the socialization process, takes place during infancy, usually within the family.
▪ Class is an abstraction and the concept acquires meaning only as a result of the socialization process just outlines.
▪ Furthermore, the results will be relevant to educational psychology, socialization process, child rearing and moral development.
▪ Schools are a tool in the socialization of American citizens.
▪ As said previously, the socialization of behavior is a continuous process that begins in early childhood with simple imitations.
▪ Barber argues that these traits can be traced back to three components of personal development and socialization.
▪ Some aspects of gender identity also take longer to acquire than socialization theory predicts.
▪ The aim of socialization is to bring children to a point at which they are no longer dependent on their senior relatives.
▪ The increase in socialization and working with people from other countries will change our society gradually.
▪ We should want to restore work and family as instruments of male socialization among the poor.
▪ Whether among blacks or whites, male socialization through love, family, and work is indispensable to social peace and prosperity.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1839, in reference to personal associations; 1884 in reference to socialism; noun of action from socialize.


n. 1 (context sociology psychology English) The process of learning how to live in a way acceptable to one's own society, said especially about children. 2 The act of interacting with others, of being social. 3 Taking under government control as implementing socialism.

  1. n. the action of establishing on a socialist basis; "the socialization of medical services" [syn: socialisation]

  2. the act of meeting for social purposes; "there was too much socialization with the enlisted men" [syn: socialisation, socializing, socialising]

  3. the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture; "the socialization of children to the norms of their culture" [syn: socialisation, acculturation, enculturation]


Socialization, also spelled socialisation, is a term used by sociologists, social psychologists, anthropologists, political scientists, and educationalists to refer to the lifelong process of inheriting and disseminating norms, customs, values and ideologies, providing an individual with the skills and habits necessary for participating within their own society. Socialization is thus "the means by which social and cultural continuity are attained".

Socialization describes a process which may lead to desirable outcomes—sometimes labeled " moral"—as regards the society where it occurs. Individual views on certain issues, for instance race or economics, are influenced by the society's consensus and usually tend toward what that society finds acceptable or "normal". Many socio-political theories postulate that socialization provides only a partial explanation for human beliefs and behaviors, maintaining that agents are not blank slates predetermined by their environment; scientific research provides evidence that people are shaped by both social influences and genes. Genetic studies have shown that a person's environment interacts with his or her genotype to influence behavioral outcomes.

Socialization (disambiguation)

Socialization (or socialisation) refers to the lifelong process of inheriting and disseminating norms, customs and ideologies of a society.

Socialization may also refer to:

  • Socialization (economics), the process of establishing social ownership of the means of production and/or a system of production for use
  • Socialization (Marxism), the process within capitalism of transforming a solitary economic activity into a collective endeavor
  • Socialization of animals, process of training animals to be kept by humans in close relationships
  • Political socialization, the study of the developmental processes by which children and adolescents acquire political cognition, attitudes, and behaviors
Socialization (Marxism)

In the theoretical work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, socialization is the process of transforming a solitary economic activity into a social relationship and collective endeavor. Socialization takes place during the development of capitalism where the act of production becomes centralized and undertaken by firms in a highly mechanized and collective manner, in contrast to the pre-capitalist modes of production which were largely solitary in comparison. Socialization occurs due to centralization of capital in industries where there are increasing returns to scale.

In Marxist theory, a contradiction develops between the socialized production and the private ownership and appropriation of the surplus value and profits. Classical Marxist theory posits that this contradiction will intensify to a point where socialization of the surplus value appropriation in the form of social ownership of the means of production will be necessitated, resulting in a transition from capitalism to socialism.

Usage examples of "socialization".

Bolshevist Constitution shows that the Lenine government has decreed the socialization of all the land, factories, mills, mines and other means of production, as well as the railways and the various means of transportation.

February 7, 1919, the Orthodox Greek Archbishop of Omsk and other clergy of the Russian Church sent a letter to Pope Benedict XV, mentioning, with other crimes and abuses of the Bolshevists, the socialization of women.

Belgian Socialist, Vandervelde, informs us that we may group into three categories the plans of socialization proposed by different schools, according to their aiming at the expropriation of the means of production without indemnity, with complete indemnity, or with limited indemnity.

Socialist if it is not based upon the program of complete socialization of the industries, and upon the principles of class struggle and uncompromising working class politics.

We should emphasize the central role that informational accumulation plays in the processes of postmodern primitive accumulation and the ever greater socialization of production.

The revolution of informational accumulation therefore requires an enormous leap forward in the greater socialization of production.

This increased socialization, along with the reduction of social space and temporality, is a process that no doubt benefits capital with increased productivity, but is one also that points beyond the era of capital toward a new social mode of production.

The increasing socialization of capital led also toward the social unification of the proletariat.

It pretends that the subject can be understood presocially and outside the community, and then imposes a kind of transcendental socialization on it.

Communism insisted indeed upon the necessity of economic socialization but--until it attained power in Russia--without a glance at its technical difficulties.

The physical subjugation and socialization of the human animal far outran his moral subjection.

The socialization and achievement crisis: Are cooperative learning experiences the solution?

Primarily movements of protest and revolt against the blazing injustices arising out of the selfishly individualistic exploitation of the new and more productive technical and financial methods of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, they have been apt to go beyond the limits of reasonable socialization in their demands and to minimize absurdly the difficulties and dangers of collective control.

Republic remains as a unifying cant, a test of orthodoxy of as little practical significance there as the communism of Jesus and communion with Christ in Christendom, while beneath this creed a small oligarchy which has attained power by its profession does its obstinate best, much hampered by the suspicion and hostility of the Western financiers and politicians, to carry on a series of interesting and varyingly successful experiments in the socialization of economic life.

Education as socialization tells people what to think and how to act and requires them to conform.