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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a capitalist/socialist economy (=based on a capitalist or socialist political system)
▪ the large capitalist economies of western Europe
a communist/socialist state
▪ The former communist states began opening up their markets to foreign investment.
a democratic/socialist/communist experiment (=one in which a country tries a new political system)
▪ He went to Havana to judge for himself the success or failure of the socialist experiment.
socialist principles
▪ Would he stick to his socialist principles after being elected Prime Minister?
socialist/democratic/liberal ideals
▪ He is committed to democratic ideals such as majority rule.
the Conservative/Liberal Democrat/Socialist etc leader (=leader of a political party)
▪ the Conservative leader, David Cameron
▪ Political report: The socialist countries faced a profound crisis, both theoretically and practically.
▪ In the 1980s Amnesty International reports listed several Arab socialist countries as sites of torture and killing.
▪ It would be quite wrong in thinking about the economics of socialist countries to focus exclusively on inefficiency.
▪ A different conception of collective bargaining in terms both of its character and role is applicable in socialist countries with centrally-planned economies.
▪ In this hostile ideological jungle, little clearings of socialist culture had to be created painfully.
▪ A wide variety of cultural trends would coexist, and a socialist culture and personality would develop.
▪ It focuses on non-price causes of shortage reproduction in the socialist economy.
▪ An inefficient socialist economy and thirty years of increasingly corrupt one-party rule have made their contributions.
▪ The government is only cautiously expanding the limited free-market alterations of its socialist economy begun four years ago.
▪ But is it a socialist government?
▪ But what socialist governments, in which countries, had ever worked?
▪ The socialist government feared a loss of government to the C.N.T. unless they held out a revolutionary future to the social masses.
▪ President Alan Garcia's socialist government that took office in July 1985 has taken a tolerant view of the informal sector.
▪ Catering for more than 100,000 students a year, the Millars had a major influence on the dissemination of socialist ideas.
▪ Is it realising the socialist ideals that we stood for?
▪ And it was those of liberal and moderate socialist leaders, men like Miliukov and Kerensky, which exerted greatest influence.
▪ And it was from their number that the most prominent socialist leaders of 1917 were drawn.
▪ It took the rise of the socialist movement to turn the tide.
▪ After the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 her commitment to the international socialist movement intensified.
▪ Such incidents were symptomatic of tensions within the socialist movement that were to have long-term consequences.
▪ His proposal that a new socialist party should rise from the ashes of the present one was hardly disputed.
▪ Hashimoto finally settled on Wataru Kubo of the steadily disintegrating socialist party.
▪ Such behaviour is not suited to a democratic socialist party of the 1990s.
▪ Even if workers could solve their collective action problems and unite behind a socialist party, their electoral muscle would be insufficient.
▪ A socialist party supports government provision; a big business party opposes taxation.
▪ The socialist parties played a peripheral role in the revolution of 1905.
▪ The longer that socialist parties held on to the old orthodoxies, the worse they have suffered.
▪ De Rossa said that his breakaway group would form a new democratic socialist party.
▪ If you want to campaign for socialist policies against this government, join the Labour party.
▪ The Left-wing of the party continued to fight for the adoption of socialist policies.
▪ The chairman's tact prevented the nearly explicit discussion of socialist principle from becoming more so.
▪ Increasingly, the socialists declared that they saw the republic as a Bourgeois stepping stone in a transition to a socialist regime.
▪ The Second International also insisted that the first socialist revolution in a major country would quickly find imitators elsewhere.
▪ Thus democracy is not a regime that remains self-sufficient for decades but is only a direct prelude to the socialist revolution.
▪ The construction of the party was an essential condition for the victory of the socialist revolution.
▪ They believe that if socialist revolution has not arrived today, it will come tomorrow.
▪ Britain in the throes of a socialist revolution?
▪ More radical sections of the educated élite looked beyond liberal and constitutional reform to socialist revolution.
▪ In any socialist society, competition is absent and, because it is absent, services are usually non-existent.
▪ The three largest unions are refusing to vote for his compromise which would let whites belong to a black socialist society.
▪ In a socialist society, it was asked, were such gross disparities and inequalities permissible?
▪ Unlike affiliated unions or socialist societies they had no collective voice but were regarded as subsidiary units.
▪ The socialist state nationalised film and gave film-makers much better potential opportunities.
▪ While the policies in a socialist state attempt to reduce inequalities significantly, they do not aim for total economic equality.
▪ They intend to build a socialist state, and the revolution which they have begun is irreversible.
▪ The only form of constitutional arrangements which socialist states took seriously after 1917 were formulas for national federation and autonomy.
▪ A socialist state was proclaimed one year later.
▪ We provided a socialist system of education.
▪ The socialist system was my hope.
▪ Many students had strayed from the socialist path and needed to be reminded of the superiority of the socialist system.
▪ It is at the heart such a socialist system.
▪ They would disembark merrily with renewed faith in the Soviet socialist system, although having no real knowledge of it.
▪ A wide variety of cultural trends would coexist, and a socialist culture and personality would develop.
▪ His proposal that a new socialist party should rise from the ashes of the present one was hardly disputed.
▪ Increasingly, the socialists declared that they saw the republic as a Bourgeois stepping stone in a transition to a socialist regime.
▪ It seemed a strange place for a red-bearded revolutionary socialist to live.
▪ It would be quite wrong in thinking about the economics of socialist countries to focus exclusively on inefficiency.
▪ On the other is a toppled colossus painfully constructing a market economy out of the wreckage of a socialist one.
▪ The Second International also insisted that the first socialist revolution in a major country would quickly find imitators elsewhere.
▪ Whether a capitalist or socialist approach to development is adopted, it must be development with a human face.
▪ Even the devout socialists of Alcove 1 believed in the free market of abilities.
▪ He lived in poverty and became a socialist.
▪ Increasingly, the socialists declared that they saw the republic as a Bourgeois stepping stone in a transition to a socialist regime.
▪ The plans are opposed by most political parties, with the exception of the ruling socialists.
▪ Throughout the country the progressive spirit had elected more than five hundred socialists to various public offices in 1910 and 1911.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Socialist \So"cial*ist\, n. [Cf. F. socialiste.] One who advocates or practices the doctrines of socialism.


Socialist \So"cial*ist\, Socialistic \So`cial*is"tic\, a. Pertaining to, or of the nature of, socialism.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"one who advocates socialism," 1827, from French socialiste, or else a native formation based on it, in reference to the teachings of Comte de Saint-Simon, founder of French socialism. The word begins to be used in French in the modern sense c.1835. Socialista, with a different sense, was applied 18c. to followers and pupils of Dutch jurist Grotius (1583-1645), from his use of socialistus. Socialist realism attested from 1934.\n\nI find that socialism is often misunderstood by its least intelligent supporters and opponents to mean simply unrestrained indulgence of our natural propensity to heave bricks at respectable persons. [George Bernard Shaw, "An Unsocial Socialist," 1900]\n

\nPrison is a Socialist's Paradise, where equality prevails, everything is supplied and competition is eliminated.

[Elbert Hubbard, "The Note Book," 1927]


a. Of, promoting, practicing, or characteristic of socialism. n. One who practices or advocates socialism.

  1. adj. of or relating to or promoting or practicing socialism; "socialist theory"; "socialist realism"; "asocialist party" [syn: socialistic]

  2. advocating or following the socialist principles; "socialistic government" [syn: socialistic] [ant: capitalistic]


n. a political advocate of socialism


Usage examples of "socialist".

Such treatment by the authorities soon led some socialist leaders to despair of ever achieving their goals by parliamentary means and to embrace more radical ideologies, such as syndicalism and anarchism.

But it seems likely that such a plan of private ownership would not be tolerated under a Socialist government, for, first of all, a very large number of Socialists are opposed to such a plan, and, secondly, the political actionists who have favored it either have sacrificed thereby the principles of their party, or else by advocating the private ownership of small farms, have done so with the intention of deceiving farmers and small land owners in order to win their votes.

The direct actionists are a warning to the Socialist Party that its tactics and its program are not adequate to domesticating the deepest unrest of labor.

Young Conservative and Young Socialist and Libertarian literature, a group of Anachronists clustered on a lawn around two masked and gauntleted men with their wooden battle-swords, striking at one another while their referee or marshall or whatever they called him circled slowly around the fighters.

A Socialist movement which can swing the mass of the people behind it, drive the pro-Fascists out of positions of control, wipe out the grosser injustices and let the working class see that they have something to fight for, win over the middle classes instead of antagonizing them, produce a workable imperial policy instead of a mixture of humbug and Utopianism, bring patriotism and intelligence into partnership -- for the first time, a movement of such a kind becomes possible.

Justice, moreover, demands that we acknowledge the existence of a small minority of dues-paying members of the Socialist Party who neither attack religion nor tacitly approve of the atheistic propaganda carried on in the official Marxian press, as well as in the books, pamphlets and magazines on sale not only in the leading Socialist book-stores of America, but even at the National Office of the party in Chicago.

Europe, where the war against religion is much more open and widespread than in America, the Socialists are frank in confessing that their movement is atheistic and anti-religious.

Christian Socialists of the old Carr faction, who constitute a minority of far less than one per cent of the Socialist Party of the United States, have not only conceded the existence of an atheistic propaganda within the ranks, but have attacked it and utterly failed to suppress it.

Socialist movement in foreign lands is atheistic and anti-religious, but as sufficient has been given, let us dwell more on the anti-religious activities of the Revolutionists in our own country.

American Socialists should in no way be held responsible for the anti-religious and atheistic teachings of their comrades abroad, the attention of the reader is called to the fact that the Socialist movement is an international one, and that nearly all the Marxian leaders in Europe are considered by the American Socialists as first class authorities on Socialism.

American Socialists thus share the responsibility of their European comrades, the Revolutionists of our own country will now come forward with more than enough testimony to prove that they are just as guilty as their foreign comrades of propagating atheistic and anti-religious doctrines.

Socialist papers, nor would money be spent in this way by their publishers, unless the atheistic and anti-religious works found many purchasers among those who inserted a plank in their party platform stating that the Socialist movement was primarily an economic one and was not concerned with matters of religious belief.

The atheistical works of Robert Ingersoll were not purchased by the rank and file of the Republican Party for purposes of party propaganda, but the rank and file of the Revolutionary Party spend large sums of money on publications in which their avowed leaders teach atheism as part of the Socialist program.

Hitler followed avidly the activities of the three major political parties of old Austria: the Social Democrats, the Christian Socialists and the Pan-German Nationalists.

Jewry, directing with a really fantastic cleverness and organizational skill the struggle against everything German and National Socialist .