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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Shah \Shah\ (sh[aum]), n. [Per. sh[=a]h a king, sovereign, prince. Cf. Checkmate, Chess, Pasha.] A former title of the supreme ruler in certain Eastern countries, especially Persia and Iran. [Written also schah.]

Shah Nameh. [Per., Book of Kings.] A celebrated historical poem written by Firdousi, being the most ancient in the modern Persian language.
--Brande & C.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

title of the king of Persia, 1560s, shaw, from Persian shah, shortened from Old Persian xšayathiya "king," from Indo-Iranian *ksayati "he has power over, rules" from PIE *tke- "to gain control of, gain power over" (cognates: Sanskrit ksatram "dominion;" Greek krasthai "to acquire, get," kektesthai "to possess"). His wife is a shahbanu (from banu "lady"); his son is a shahzadah (from zadah "son").


Etymology 1 alt. 1 A king of Persia or Iran. 2 A supreme ruler in some Middle Eastern or South Asian nations. n. 1 A king of Persia or Iran. 2 A supreme ruler in some Middle Eastern or South Asian nations. Etymology 2

n. (context historical English) An Ukrainian monetary unit.


Shah (Šâh or Şah) (; , , "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia). It was also adopted by the kings of Shirvan (a historical Iranian region in Transcaucasia) namely the Shirvanshahs, the rulers and offspring of the Ottoman Empire (termed there as Şeh), Mughal emperors of the Indian Subcontinent, the Bengal Sultanate, as well as in Georgia and Afghanistan. In Iran (Persia and Greater Persia) the title was continuously used; rather than King in the European sense, each Persian ruler regarded himself as the Šâhanšâh (King of Kings) or Emperor of the Persian Empire. The word descends from Old PersianXšâyathiya "king", which (for reasons of historical phonology) must be a borrowing from Median, and is derived from the same root as AvestanxšaΘra-, "power" and "command", corresponding to Sanskrit (Old Indic) kṣatra- (same meaning), from which kṣatriya-, "warrior", is derived. The full, Old Persian title of the Achaemenid rulers of the First Persian Empire was ''Xšâyathiya Xšâyathiyânâm ''or Šâhe Šâhân, "King of Kings" or "Emperor". This word is commonly confused with the unrelated and distinct Indian surname Shah, which is derived from the Sanskrit Sadhu/Sahu (meaning gentleman).

Shah (disambiguation)

Shah (Old Persian XšāyaΘiya) is the Persian word for "King", mainly used in Iran/Persia.

Shah may also refer to:

Shah (surname)

This Indo- Nepalese surname "Shah" is commonly mistaken with the Persian " Shah" meaning "King". It is derived from SanskritSadhu (meaning gentleman).

The surname like various other Indian surnames was also adopted by various other people. The Shah surname is adopted by the trade communities (The Banias/ Vanias) in Rajasthan and Gujarat states. Banias include the Jains and the Vaishnavas. It was widely used by the Jains even outside of Gujarat and Rajasthan, for example in Delhi/Haryana (see Nattal Sahu), Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh (see Sahu Jain) and Maharashtra.

The Hindi word 'Shahukara' meaning a banker, is derived from Sahu (Sanskrit "Sadhu") and kar (Sanskrit meaning doer). It means different and does not reflect the nature of the surname which means "King".

Shah, a different last name, derived from the Persian word " Shah", is a surname found among the Iranian peoples of Central Asia, Afghanistan and parts of Pakistan.

Shah (caste)

The Shah are a Hindu caste found in the states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh in India. .

The Shah are a small but important community of the Kumaon region. Each section of the Shah community has its own origin myth. For example, the Gangola Shah are said to have immigrated from Badaun in western Uttar Pradesh, while Thulgharia Shah are said to have originated in Jhansi. Their largest sub-division, the Chaudhary Shah are said to have immigrated from jhunsi Allahabad (Pawar Clan) in UP. According to their traditions, the Shah are by origin Rajputs from North India, some claiming to be Chauhans, while other to be Parmars.

The Shah are an urban community, and those found in Almora, Nainital, dwarahat,Ranikhet, Bageshwar, and Pithoragarh are primarily engaged in trade, army and government services.

The community is divided into a number of clans such as the Thulgharia, Gangola, Kumaoiya, Jagati, Tamkia, Chaudhary, Chukurait, Jakhwal, Kholibhiteria and Salimgarhia. Each of these groups derives its name from either the name of an ancestral village, office they held or title they received in the past. For example, the Gangola get their name from the territory of Patti Gangoli, while the Kumaoiya from Kumaon, while the word Thulgharia literally means owner of a large house. In terms of their varna status, they claim to be Kshatriya. The 2nd highest

Shah (film)

Shah is a 2015 Pakistani biographical sports film directed and written by Adnan Sarwar. The film, produced under the Logos Films & Media banner, is based on the life of boxer Hussain Shah, who won the bronze medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics and became the only boxer in Pakistan's history to secure an Olympic medal. Adnan Sarwar underwent one year of boxing training to portray Hussain Shah. Other roles are portrayed by Kiran Chaudhary, Sardar Baloch, Adeel Raees, and Gulab Chandio.

The film was released nationwide by Footprint Entertainment and ARY Films on August 13, 2015.

Usage examples of "shah".

Tercy thought the ambassador should be arrested and thrown into prison, and the Shah of Persia informed that his envoy had died in France of a quartan fever.

At the head, or in the rear, of a Carizmian army, Soliman Shah was drowned in the passage of the Euphrates: his son Orthogrul became the soldier and subject of Aladin, and established at Surgut, on the banks of the Sangar, a camp of four hundred families or tents, whom he governed fifty-two years both in peace and war.

In Persia that game is called the War of the Shahi, and the playing sets are works of art, priced beyond the reach of all but a real Shah or someone of equal wealth.

Like Yousef and his uncle Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, Shah was a man of multiple identities.

That night, Yousef partied with Shah, Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, and their Filipina dates at the XO Karaoke Bar.

The Shah, who had commissioned Colonel Sheil to engage an English gardener, was dead.

In the first half of the 18th century, when Bushire was an unimportant fishing village, it was selected by Nadir Shah as the southern port of Persia and dockyard of the navy which he aspired to create in the Persian Gulf, and the British commercial factory of the East India Company, established at Gombrun, the modern Bander Abbasi, was transferred to it in 1759.

Nadir Shah of Persia began in just such a cave of Adullam, and lived to plunder Delhi with a host of Persians and Afghans.

Yusef Shah, the Afridi chief, his three headmen and his American ally, and who had turned the friendly conference suddenly into a holocaust of murder.

All three were curved scimitars made by the annourers of Shah Jahan at Agra on the Indian continent.

Mahomed Akbar Khan, Mahomed Shah Khan, Ameen Oolla, and many other chiefs with their followers were present.

Juliet revealed herself as Guli Sarahi, the ambassador might intervene, for her fortress at Serevan had helped the shah maintain his eastern border.

And back went he with the force of the blast, and fell onto a Herez carpet, which had been a present to Rune from Shah Jahan for designing the Taj Mahal.

Aufors had not been long gone when a messenger arrived to invite the Prince, the Invigilator, and Colonel Leys, to go hunting with the Shah.

Shah to invite you and the Prince and the Invigilator to go hunting with His Effulgence.