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The Collaborative International Dictionary
Setaria viridis

Bottle \Bot"tle\, n. [OE. bote, botelle, OF. botel, bouteille, F. bouteille, fr. LL. buticula, dim. of butis, buttis, butta, flask. Cf. Butt a cask.]

  1. A hollow vessel, usually of glass or earthenware (but formerly of leather), with a narrow neck or mouth, for holding liquids.

  2. The contents of a bottle; as much as a bottle contains; as, to drink a bottle of wine.

  3. Fig.: Intoxicating liquor; as, to drown one's reason in the bottle.

    Note: Bottle is much used adjectively, or as the first part of a compound.

    Bottle ale, bottled ale. [Obs.]

    Bottle brush, a cylindrical brush for cleansing the interior of bottles.

    Bottle fish (Zo["o]l.), a kind of deep-sea eel ( Saccopharynx ampullaceus), remarkable for its baglike gullet, which enables it to swallow fishes two or three times its won size.

    Bottle flower. (Bot.) Same as Bluebottle.

    Bottle glass, a coarse, green glass, used in the manufacture of bottles.

    Bottle gourd (Bot.), the common gourd or calabash ( Lagenaria Vulgaris), whose shell is used for bottles, dippers, etc.

    Bottle grass (Bot.), a nutritious fodder grass ( Setaria glauca and Setaria viridis); -- called also foxtail, and green foxtail.

    Bottle tit (Zo["o]l.), the European long-tailed titmouse; -- so called from the shape of its nest.

    Bottle tree (Bot.), an Australian tree ( Sterculia rupestris), with a bottle-shaped, or greatly swollen, trunk.

    Feeding bottle, Nursing bottle, a bottle with a rubber nipple (generally with an intervening tube), used in feeding infants.

Setaria viridis

Setaria viridis is a species of grass known by many common names, including green foxtail green bristlegrass, and wild foxtail millet. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of Setaria italica. It is native to Eurasia, but it is known on most continents as an introduced species and is closely related to Setaria faberi, a noxious weed. It is a hardy grass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat, including vacant lots, sidewalks, railroads, lawns, and at the margins of fields. It is the wild antecedent of the crop foxtail millet.

This is an annual grass with decumbent or erect stems growing up to a meter long, and known to reach two meters or more at times. The leaf blades are up to 40 centimeters long and 2.5 wide and glabrous. The inflorescence is a dense, compact, spikelike panicle up to 20 centimeters long, growing erect or sometimes nodding at the tip only. Spikelets are 1.8 - 2.2 mm long. Each is subtended by up to three stiff bristles. Its fertile lemmas are finely cross-wrinkled.

Setaria viridis is often confused with S. faberi, (Chinese or Giant Foxtail), which has sparse, soft hairs on the leaves and a nodding inflorescence. Setaria viridis is closely related to S. italica (Foxtail Millet), which has larger spikelets about 3 mm long and usually smooth, shiny upper lemmas. Foxtail Millet was cultivated in China by 2700 B.C. and during the Stone Age in Europe.

S. viridis has been proposed as a model to study C4 photosynthesis and related bioenergy grasses. It has a short life cycle (6–8 weeks), is transformable and is currently being sequenced. Genetic resources are currently being developed by a number of groups. A method to break the prolonged seed dormancy has been discovered recently and all these could contribute towards making S. viridis a choice monocot genetic model system.