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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

congress of the Polish republic, 1690s, from Polish sejm "assembly," from *syn-imu, literally "a taking together," from *syn- "together" (see syn-) + PIE root *em- "to take" (see exempt).


The Sejm'' of the Republic of Poland (; ) is the lower house of the Polish parliament. It consists of 460 deputies ( posłowie'', literally "envoys", in Polish) elected by universal ballot and is presided over by a speaker called the "Marshal of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland" (Marszałek Sejmu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej). In the Kingdom of Poland, "Sejm" referred to the entire three- chamber parliament of Poland, comprising the lower house (the Chamber of Envoys; ), the upper house (the Senate; Polish: Senat) and the King. It was thus a three-estate parliament. Since the Second Polish Republic (1918–1939), "Sejm" has referred only to the lower house of the parliament; the upper house is called the Senat Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej ("Senate of the Republic of Poland").

Sejm (disambiguation)

Sejm is a generic Polish word meaning "a gathering or diet (assembly)". More specifically, it may refer to:

  • Sejm of the Republic of Poland (Sejm Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), the lower chamber of the parliament of Poland
  • Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland, the parliament of Kingdom of Poland
  • Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, common parliament of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • Confederated sejm (sejm skonfederowany)
  • Convocation sejm (sejm konwokacyjny)
  • Coronation sejm (sejm koronacyjny)
  • Election sejm (sejm elekcyjny)
  • Contract Sejm (sejm kontraktowy), 1989–1991
  • Convocation Sejm (1764) (sejm konwokacyjny 1764 r.)
  • Election Sejm of 1632 (sejm elekcyjny 1632 r.)
  • Great Sejm (Sejm Wielki), 1788–1792
  • Grodno Sejm (Sejm Grodzieński), 1793
  • Pacification Sejm (Sejm Pacyfikacyjny), 1736
  • Partition Sejm (Sejm Rozbiorowy), 1773–1776
  • Repnin Sejm (Sejm Repninowski), 1767–1768
  • Silent Sejm (Sejm Niemy), 1717
  • Galician Sejm (Sejm Galicyjski), legislature of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, 1861–1918
  • Saeima, the parliament of Latvia
  • Seimas, the parliament of Lithuania
    • For historical Lithuanian parliamentary assemblies, see: Template: Seimas of Lithuania
  • Sejm of Four Lands, or Council of Four Lands (Sejm Czterech Ziem, Va'ad Arba' Aratzot), central Jewish authority in Poland, 1580–1764
  • Sejm of the Republic of Central Lithuania (Sejm Litwy Środkowej), see: Republic of Central Lithuania general election, 1922
  • Sejmik (diminutive of sejm), a regional or local legislature in Poland
    • Voivodeship sejmik (sejmik województwa)
  • Silesian Sejm or Silesian Parliament (Sejm Śląski), legislature of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship, 1920–1939
  • Sojm, the parliament of the historical unrecognized state of Carpatho-Ukraine