##### Wiktionary

**sc**

n. (abbreviation of softcover English)

##### Wikipedia

**SC**

**SC**, **Sc** or **sc** may refer to:

**SC (complexity)**

In computational complexity theory, **SC** (Steve's Class, named after Stephen Cook) is the complexity class of problems solvable by a deterministic Turing machine in polynomial time (class ** P**) and polylogarithmic space (class ** PolyL**) (that is, O((log *n*)) space for some constant *k*). It may also be called **DTISP(poly, polylog)**, where **DTISP** stands for *deterministic time and space*. Note that the definition of **SC** differs from **P** ∩ **PolyL**, since for the former, it is required that the algorithm runs in both polynomial time and polylogarithmic space; while for the latter, two separate algorithms will suffice: one that runs in polynomial time, and another which runs in polylogarithmic space. (It is unknown whether **SC** and **P** ∩ **PolyL** are equivalent).

** DCFL**, the strict subset of context-free languages recognized by deterministic pushdown automata, is contained in **SC**, as shown by Cook in 1979.

It is open if directed st-connectivity is in **SC**, although it is known to be in **P** ∩ **PolyL** (because of a DFS algorithm and Savitch's theorem). This question is equivalent to ** NL** ⊆ **SC**.

** RL** and ** BPL** are classes of problems acceptable by probabilistic Turing machines in logarithmic space and polynomial time. Noam Nisan showed in 1992 the weak derandomization result that both are contained in **SC**. In other words, given *polylogarithmic* space, a deterministic machine can simulate *logarithmic* space probabilistic algorithms.

#### Usage examples of "sc".

__SCS__ is headquartered in a heavily protected compound of modern buildings on Springfield Road in Beltsville, Maryland, a few miles south of NSA.

His instincts told him that, repeatedly, and they were proven correct when a flashing __scim__ itar intercepted the dart.