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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Rud \Rud\, v. t. To make red. [Obs.]


Rud \Rud\, n. [AS. rudu, akin to re['a]d red. [root]113. See Red, and cf. Ruddy.]

  1. Redness; blush. [Obs.]

  2. Ruddle; red ocher.

  3. (Zo["o]l.) The rudd.


n. 1 redness; blush 2 ruddle; red ochre 3 A fish, the rudd. vb. 1 (label en intransitive) To become red; redden. 2 (label en obsolete transitive) To make red.


The rud is a Persian stringed musical instrument. In Persian, the word means "string". It has been mentioned in classical Persian literature by Rudaki, Hafez, Naser Khusraw, Sanai, Ferdowsi, Nizami and Qatran Tabrizi other poets. The Arabic 'Ud, whose etymology is not yet convincingly explained, may well have been derived from the Persian word rud.

The Persian poet Ferdowsi states about it:
همه شب ببودند با نای و رود

همی داد هرکس به خسرو درود.

All night they were listening to the sound of the reed and the rud
Everyone who came to the banquet, paid his respect to the Khusraw

In his treatise, Abd al-Qadir Maraghi mentions the rud: "Rud Khwani: Up to half of its surface is covered by skin, and frets are fastened to it; it has four strings. It is played like an ancient ud."

Researchers have found out that the first examples of the rud were made of gourds, and that the strings were made of silk and animal gut. It is remarkable that its appearance reminds one of a gourd.

Its structure differs from that of other string instruments. Fish skin is pulled over half of the body's surface, and the other part is made of pine. Primarily, the instrument was played with the fingers; later it was played with the help of a plectrum made of soft material. The rud's body is made of mulberry wood and apricot wood, the neck and head are made of nut wood, and the pegs are made of pear wood. A total of 12 frets are fastened to the instrument's fret-board. The timbre of its sound is low.

The total length of the instrument is 860 mm. The length of the body is 495 mm, the width is 335 mm and the height is 170 mm. The length of the neck is 285 mm. The scale of the rud ranges from the "mi" of the great octave to the "si" of the second octave.

Rud (disambiguation)

Rud is a Persian stringed musical instrument.

Rud or RUD may also refer to:

  • IATA code for Shahroud Airport
  • Khvaf, also called Rūd, a city in Iran
  • Rud, Nishapur, a village in Iran
  • Rapid unscheduled disassembly, a failure, in ignition of rocket engines or otherwise
  • Rutland station, Vermont by Amtrak rail code

Usage examples of "rud".

When Rud drew her close for the bridal kiss, she stiffened, her eyes growing wide, clearing with the sudden onrush of fear.

Instead, she found the memory returning of herself lying unclothed beneath the coverlet of her bunk while Rud made himself free in her cabin, rummaging in her trunk for a gown.

I have been studying the bruises which mar your lovely complexion for this past hour, and despite the fact that I know men are unpredictable creatures at best, I cannot believe that Rud inflicted them upon you.

The conversation was carried for the most part by Rud and his uncle and aunt as they tried to catch up on the events of the past three years.

As time passed, the turnings of her imagination presented images of Rud and herself between the linen sheets which left her appalled.

Through slitted eyes, she saw Rud enter, closing the door softly behind him.

It was Rud who stood with the can balanced on the edge of the tub and one hand resting on his hip.

Her gaze on Rud, she stepped back, making ready to leave the tub on the side opposite her husband, hoping to place its width between them.

Her cry of despair was cut off as Rud sprang forward, one hard, sinewy arm catching her about the rib cage.

In their reflective surface, she could see Rud, his long length folded into the tub, sluicing his arms and shoulders with the steaming hot water.

Then, as Rud glanced in her direction, his eyes on her rigid back, she dragged her eyes away to concentrate on the lily pattern of the spiked iron fence below.

By the time the heat had left her face and she had regained her composure, the high tea Rud had ordered had arrived.

The iron restraint Rud appeared to have imposed upon himself might also have had something to do with the revival of her appetite.

Julia would have followed close behind had Rud not detained her with a hand on her arm.

If Rud was wealthy, he could have loaned her an amount sufficient to have set herself up in a comfortable boardinghouse with a companion.