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Rosha (subcaste)

This caste is found in both Hindus and Sikhs of Northern India. Roshas are haihai vanashi Kashtriyas. .The term kshatriya comes from kshatra and implies temporal authority and power which was based less on being a successful leader in battle and more on the tangible power of laying claim to sovereignty over a territory, and symbolizing ownership over clan lands. Roshas came in close proximity to Nawab Jassa Singh during middle of 18th century and thereafter proudly started to be associated with Nawab Jassa Singh & Ahluwalia community . Nawab Jassa Singh participated in many battles as well where he proved himself to be a natural leader. Many like minded clans and communities consisting of kshatriya,Khatris, kalals, jatts etc. joined Nawab Jassa Singh and gave a befitting reply to Afghan Empire .Rosha is now a sub-caste or Gotra under Ahluwalia misl, which was founded in mid eighteenth century by Nawab Jassa Singh Misldar ( Leader of the Misl). The Rosha clan fought shoulder to shoulder with Nawab Jassa Singh during his campaign against the tyranny of Afghan Empire. Only a few families belonging to this Sub caste are known but they are among some of the most progressive and proud communities of Punjab. Rosha’s are renowned for energy, enterprise and obstinacy. They continue to maintain a strong influence & bonding among themselves in spite of very few in numbers .It’s an old proverb “Death may budge but they won’t”. This surname could be found among both Sikh as well as Hindu families. This community has royalty in its blood being the influential descendents of the conglomerate Ahluwalia Dynasty of Punjab. Their prosperity and influence in flourishing with many of them migrating to different corners of world. The reason behind their prosperity could be dedicated to their high achievements in the field of education.

   Ahluwalias are followers of Nawab Jassa Singh who was born at a village called Ahlu. Hence, the name Ahluwalia stuck to him. Mata Sundari instructed him to study the art of sword and Sikh scriptures. He studied Sikh scriptures under Bhai Mani Singh. Later, Mata Sundari asked Nawab Kapur Singh to take charge of the promising youth. Nawab Kapur Singh was pleased with Jassa Singh's supreme devotion to the faith and a sense of duty and humility. He appointed him as a storekeeper with his forces. He along with other Sikh bands attacked Nadir shah forces, freed all slaves and send those slaves back to their families safely. Ahluwalia participated in many battles as well where he proved himself to be a natural leader.Many like minded clans and communities consisting of kshatriya,Khatris, kalals, jatts etc. joined Nawab Jassa Singh and gave a befitting reply to Afghan Empire.  Many  Sikh leaders notably Charhat Singh & Karora Singh fought along with Nawab Jassa Singh.   In a 1748 meeting of the Sarbat Khalsa Nawab Kapur Singh appointed him as his successor. His followers awarded him the title Sultan-ul-Qaum (King of the Nation). In November 1766 Abdali came to the Punjab for the eight time with the avowed object of "crushing the Sikhs". The Sikhs had recourse to their old game of Dhai-phut ('hit, run and turn back to hit again') tactics (later made famous at the Battle of Chillianwala against the British). They vacated Lahore, but faced squarely the Afghan general Jahan Khan at Amritsar. The Sikhs inflicted a humiliating defeat, and forced him to retreat, with five thousand Afghan soldiers killed. Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with an army of about twenty thousand Sikhs roamed in the neighbourhood of the Afghan camp, plundering it.After Abdali's ninth and last invasion in 1769, Jassa Singh wrested Kapurthala in 1774 from Rao Ibrahim Bhatti and made it his headquarters. Jassa Singh died in Amritsar in 1783 AD. Being issueless, he was succeeded by Bhag Singh, whose son, Fateh Singh became a close collaborator of Ranjit Singh.

The few known descendents of the Roshas were Bhagwan Singh Rosha Inspector General of Police and was one of the few most decorated officers of the Indian police. His son Lt Col Vijay Singh Rosha served in the Indian Army for over 20 years participating in the 1965 and 1971 war in which he was also injured. He has been awarded the President of India `s mention in dispatches.

Other notable Roshas of the lineage are Padam Jeet Singh Rosha, former Inspector General of the Indian Police. His Son, Lt Col (Dr) Deepak Rosha served in the Armed Forces (Medical Corps.) for 20 years and is a medial specialist (MD) in Respiratory Medicine & Internal Medicine. He currently resides in New Delhi and practices at the Indraprastha Apollo Hospital. Dr Chandra Rosha (w/o Lt Col (Dr) Deepak Rosha also served 5 years (short service commission) in the Armed Forces (Medical Corps.). She holds a specialisation(MD) in Hospital Administration and currently owns a consultation firm,known as Astramed, in addition to holding the position of Head of dept at Amity University. Their children, Anjum Rosha is a Lawyer practicing in Washington Dc and their son, Arjun Rosha is an Architect, practicing in Singapore


Rosha may refer to:

  • Robert S. Harris, video game programmer
  • Rosha grass (Cymbopogon martinii), a species of grass
  • Rosha (subcaste)

Usage examples of "rosha".

Though only the six of them sat down to eat, Rosha, the cleaner, had stayed on to serve and Grannis, the cooker, insisted on carrying some of the dishes in himself, thrilled to be so close to the visitors.

The splints were to hold the arm in place so Rosha movements would not disturb the fresh break.