Roana is a commune in the province of Vicenza, Veneto, Italy. It is west of SP249. As of 2007 Roana had an estimated population of 4,184.
The commune consists of six villages or frazioni, spread over a total area of 7,838 hectares: Camporovere, Canove, Cesuna, Mezzaselva, Roana and Tresché Conca. It is one of the ''Sette Comuni Vicentini '' where the Cimbrian language was traditionally spoken. In Roana is the Istituto di Cultura Cimbra, with a museum.