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Raumism is an ideology beginning in 1980 with the Manifesto of Rauma, which criticized the goals of the traditional Esperanto movement and defined all Esperantists as "a self-chosen diasporic linguistic minority". It is also used by the members of the Esperanta Civito to describe their ideology, although some who subscribe to the idea deem this contrary to the spirit of the Manifesto.

Essentially, the "Internal Idea" of the Esperanto movement (according to the Enciklopedio de Esperanto) has been that an easy-to-learn common language can be a significant influence for peace by promoting interpersonal understanding across cultural and national boundaries. The movement's main goal has been to promote Esperanto as that common language with a focus on the goal of world peace.