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Etymology 1 n. (plural of raja English) Etymology 2

n. One of the three gunas in Hindu philosophy, representing things that are active, excitable, or passionate.


Rajas ( Sanskrit: रजस्) is one of the three Guṇas (tendencies, qualities, attributes), a philosophical and psychological concept developed by the Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy. The other two qualities are Sattva (goodness, balance) and Tamas (destruction, chaos). Rajas is innate tendency or quality that drives motion, energy and activity.

Rajas is sometimes translated as passion, where it is used in the sense of activity qua activity, without any particular value and it can contextually be either good or bad. Rajas helps actualize the other aforementioned two gunas.

Usage examples of "rajas".

He particularly urged us north, even though the weather would still be cool, and suggested one or two of the hill rajas who might show us an entertaining time.

Moslem nawabs and Hindu rajas, squelched into their borders first by the Company and later the Crown, had spent their entire lives with nothing to do but squabble over rank and invent ways to spend their money.