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Pungudutivu is a small island composed of number villages that is just west of the Jaffna Peninsula in Sri Lankan Tamil dominated Northern Province. It is divided into 12 wards internally, each corresponding a major settlement. The island was named as Middleburg by the Dutch colonial rulers during their occupation of then Ceylon. Most of the residents of the Island are Tamils with majority are being Hindus and a minority Christians. There are lot of Hindu temples in this region along with some Christian churches. Nearly 15 Tamil schools exist there for the benefits of the place. Government hospital and some private clinics are available. Pungudutivu is connected by road with the main town Jaffna. SLTB and private buses are traveling through this place as the main route is Jaffna - Kurikattuvan. Kurikattuvan is the place to get your boat service to reach Nainativu an island popular for the religious place. Nainativu is called as Nagadeepa by the Sinhalese people in Sinhala.

It has come to prominence due to number of cases of rapes and murders such as Sarathambal and Ilayathambi Tharsini during the Sri Lankan civil war. The civil war has also led a large number of people to migrate out of the Island throughout the world.