They are most easily identified from other subfamilies by a constricted gaster (abdomen). They are rare examples of stinging ants.
Ponerinae is a subtribe of the Orchidaceae tribe Epidendreae. The Ponerinae are characterized by sympodial stems that do not form pseudobulbs, bear two or more leaves, and a racemose or paniculate inflorescence carrying flowers with four or six pollinia. It comprises four genera:
- Ponera, the type genus