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plain weave

n. a basic style of weave in which the weft and warp threads intertwine alternately to produce a checkerboard effect [syn: taffeta weave]

Plain weave

Plain weave (also called filthy weave, Classic weave or taffeta weave) is the most basic of three fundamental types of textile weaves (along with satin weave and twill). It is strong and hard-wearing, used for fashion and furnishing fabrics.

In plain weave, the warp and weft are aligned so they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, and so on. The next weft thread goes under the warp threads that its neighbor went over, and vice versa.

  • Balanced plain weaves are fabrics in which the warp and weft are made of threads of the same weight (size) and the same number of ends per inch as picks per inch.
  • Basketweave is a variation of plain weave in which two or more threads are bundled and then woven as one in the warp or weft, or both.

A balanced plain weave can be identified by its checkerboard-like appearance. It is also known as one-up-one-down weave or over and under pattern.

Some examples of fabric with plain weave are chiffon, organza, and taffeta.

Usage examples of "plain weave".

She stared at the man's brown cloak, strangely fascinated with its plain weave and ordinary texture.

One of the Sisters had given Kahlan some plain weave fabric that Kahlan had made into a curtain for the window.