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Paraná (state)

Paraná is one of the 26 states of Brazil, located in the south of the country, bordered on the north by São Paulo state, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Santa Catarina state and the Misiones Province of Argentina, and on the west by Mato Grosso do Sul and the republic of Paraguay, with the Paraná River as its western boundary line.

Its area is , slightly smaller than Romania, a country with similar format. [9] It is subdivided into 399 municipalities. Its capital is the city of Curitiba. Other major cities are Londrina, Maringá, Ponta Grossa, Cascavel, São José dos Pinhais and Foz do Iguaçu.

Cut by the Tropic of Capricorn, Paraná has what is left of the araucaria forest, one of the most important subtropical forests in the world. At the border with Argentina is the National Park of Iguaçu, considered by UNESCO as a World Heritage site. At only from there, at the border with Paraguay, the largest dam in the world was built, the Hidroelétrica de Itaipu ( Itaipu Hydroelectric Dam).

Paraná relief is the highest of Brazil: 52% of the state has altitude of and only 3% of the territory has less than altitude. The most important rivers are: Paraná, Iguaçu, Ivaí, and others.


Paraná or Parana may refer to:

Paraná (footballer)

Adhemir de Barros best known as Paraná (born in Cambará, Paraná, Brazil, March 21, 1942) was an association footballer. He played at São Bento, São Paulo, Londrina, and Brazil national football team, which had participated at 1966 FIFA World Cup, playing one match.


Paranã (formerly known as São João da Palma) is a municipality in the state of Tocantins in the Northern region of Brazil.

Usage examples of "parana".

Roads ran to Corrientes, to Asuncion, others from Yapeyu to the Salto Grande, on the Parana.

The constant expulsions of the Jesuits from Asuncion, the turmoils in the State, and the fact that every now and then the Indians had to take arms to defend their territory, acted most mischievously on the reductions, both in Paraguay and in those between the Parana and Uruguay.

Mamelucos took place, and Father Alfaro, who had been left in charge of the missions on the Uruguay and Parana, was shot by a Mameluco with a crossbow, and fell dead from his horse.

The Guaranis collected from the woods with so much effort to the missionary, then guided down the Parana by the most noble and self-sacrificing of their priests, Ruiz Montoya, and after that redeemed with blood from the fierce Mameluco bands, had shrunk away before the baneful breath of unaccustomed contact with the civilizing whites.

Popular hatred, to the full as idiotic as is popular applause, fell chiefly upon Father Diaz Tano -- he who had saved ten thousand Indians for the King of Spain in his celebrated retreat before the Mamelucos down the Parana -- and he was frequently insulted in the streets.

Christian Commonwealth of the Jesuit Missions between the Parana and Uruguay, I now address myself.

Certain it is that but a few years after their final exit from the missions between the Uruguay and Parana all was confusion.

In the ruined missions on the Parana, two hundred miles away, I have heard the Indians talk of it with awe.

The Paranapane, on which most of the missions of Guayra were situated, flows from the east, and falls into the Parana, not much more than fifty miles above the cataract.

Parana and Paraguay, close to the celebrated missions of the Jesuits, the inhabitants, living in a country almost tropical, are half Indians in type.

Therefore, the charges against the Jesuits in Paraguay, which Cardenas first started, are with us still, and warp our judgment as to the doings of the Order in the missions of the Parana and Uruguay even until to-day.

Most of the country, with the exception of the missions of Jesus and Trinidad, upon the Parana, which to-day, at least, are only clearings in the primeval forest, is composed of open rolling plains, with wood upon the banks of all the streams.

But in the Chaco the Jesuits found conditions most different from those prevailing in their missions between the Uruguay and Parana.

Founded as they were far from the Spanish settlements, they were quite removed from the intrigues and interferences of the Spanish settlers, which were the curse of the other missions on the Parana.

Jesuit missions on the Uruguay and Parana, with all the riches of their fertile territory, and the enormous wealth which every Spaniard firmly believed the Jesuits had acquired.