n. (context anatomy English) A section of the cerebral cortex that surrounds the hippocampus and which is the lower part of the fornicate gyrus.
The parahippocampal gyrus (Syn. hippocampal gyrus) is a grey matter cortical region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus and is part of the limbic system. This region plays an important role in memory encoding and retrieval.
It has been involved in some cases of hippocampal sclerosis.
Asymmetry has been observed in schizophrenia.
Usage examples of "parahippocampal gyrus".
Located in the parahippocampal gyrus, the perirhinal cortex, and the entorhinal cortex.