Paliy or Palii is a Ukrainian surname.
- Efimie Palii was a Bessarabian politician, served as Member of the Moldovan Parliament (1917–1918).
- Ihor Paliy (born 1963) is a contemporary Ukrainian painter, specialized in abstractionism.
- Semen Paliy (c. 1645 – 1710) was a Ukrainian Cossack polkovnyk (colonel).
- Paliy Uprising, a Cossack uprising, led by Semen Paliy against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1702-1704.