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Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

coastal nation in Arabia, supposedly named for its founder. Recorded from Roman times (Omana, in Pliny). Related: Omani.


Oman ( ; ), officially the Sultanate of Oman , is an Arab country in the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the nation is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the south and southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Oman on the northeast. The Madha and Musandam exclaves are surrounded by the UAE on their land borders, with the Strait of Hormuz (which it shares with Iran) and Gulf of Oman forming Musandam's coastal boundaries.

From the late 17th century, the Omani Sultanate was a powerful empire, vying with Portugal and Britain for influence in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. At its peak in the 19th century, Omani influence or control extended across the Strait of Hormuz to modern-day Iran and Pakistan, and as far south as Zanzibar (today part of Tanzania, also former capital). As its power declined in the 20th century, the sultanate came under the influence of the United Kingdom. Historically, Muscat was the principal trading port of the Persian Gulf region. Muscat was also among the most important trading ports of the Indian Ocean. Oman's official religion is Islam.

Oman is an absolute monarchy. The Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said has been the hereditary leader of the country since 1970. Sultan Qaboos is the longest-serving current ruler in the Middle East, and seventh- longest current-reigning monarch in the world.

Oman has modest oil reserves, ranking 25th globally. Nevertheless, in 2010 the UNDP ranked Oman as the most improved nation in the world in terms of development during the preceding 40 years. A significant portion of its economy is tourism and trade of fish, dates, and certain agricultural produce. This sets it apart from its neighbors' solely oil-dependent economy. Oman is categorized as a high-income economy and ranks as the 74th most peaceful country in the world according to the Global Peace Index.

Usage examples of "oman".

All thirty-eight members of the ISEG had been deployed to the British base area in Oman, and the MD-80 aircraft that Robertson had ordered had been repainted as an Aer Lingus cargo plane on charter to the UN.

The six GCC states are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman.

Pakistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, and the Persian Gulf.

In fact to handle that many aircraft, we would probably need bases in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, and Turkey.

Martyrdom and pledged to establish nineteen spiritual assemblies in the British Isles, double the number of assemblies in the Indian subcontinent, establish ninety-five new centers of the Faith in Persia, convert the groups in Bahrein, Mecca and Kabul into assemblies and plant the banner of the Faith in the Arabian territories of Yemen, Oman, Ahsa and Kuweit.

On some empty Iranian or Baluchi beach, they would rendezvous at dawn with the receivers, off-load their cargo of cheap cigarettes and take on board, surprisingly angora goats so valued in Oman.

The Betrayal of Richard 111 MacGibbon, David, Elizabeth Woodville Oman, Charles, Warwick the Kingmaker Ramsay, J.

The founder of the Omani Sultanate of Zanzibar was Ahmad ibn Majid the Sly, who came to the throne of Oman in 1811--do you remember?

To these may be added the provinces of Hadramant and Mahrah, and of Oman and Hasa, to the south and east respectively, with Nejd, or Central Arabia, as the central plateau, and some large deserts scattered in different parts of the peninsula.

Like the mariners of Oman and the merchants of Sirat, far to the east, these people of Saharan Tagedda were powerful intermediaries in trade between North Africa and continental Africa.

He pointed with a ruler at the cluster of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Oman and Saudi Arabia.

GCC states are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman.

Qatar, Oman, and the UAE were among the first Arab governments to publicly call for an easing of the sanctions, starting in March 1995.

Also, he discovers, his sample case is gone, all the bottles and rings and souvenir copper flashlights, all gone, along with his suitcase, his wallet, his passport, and his air tickets back to Oman.

I've seen that for myself-gets a touch of our Potomac virus and tells himself to go for it, use all the marbles he's got, including what he did in Oman.