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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Nim \Nim\ (n[i^]m), v. t. [imp. Nam (n[aum]m) or Nimmed (n[i^]md); p. p. Nomen (n[=o]"men) or Nome (n[=o]m).] To take; to steal; to filch. [Obs.]

This canon it in his hand nam.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"to take, to steal" (archaic), Old English niman "to take, accept, receive, grasp, catch" (cognates: Old Frisian nima, Middle Dutch nemen, German nehmen, Gothic niman; see nimble). The native word, replaced by Scandinavian-derived take (v.) and out of use from c.1500 except in slang sense of "to steal," which endured into 19c.


n. A game in which players take turns removing objects from heaps. vb. 1 (context obsolete transitive English) To take (in all senses); to seize. 2 (context obsolete intransitive English) To take one's way; to go. 3 (context archaic slang transitive English) To filch, steal. 4 (context intransitive UK dialectal English) To walk with short, quick strides; trip along.


n. game in which matchsticks are arranged in rows and players alternately remove one or more of them; in some versions the object is to take the last remaining matchstick on the table and in other versions the object is to avoid taking the last remaining matchstick on the table


Nim is a mathematical game of strategy in which two players take turns removing objects from distinct heaps. On each turn, a player must remove at least one object, and may remove any number of objects provided they all come from the same heap. The goal of the game is to be the player to remove the last object.

Variants of Nim have been played since ancient times. The game is said to have originated in China—it closely resembles the Chinese game of "Tsyan-shizi", or "picking stones"—but the origin is uncertain; the earliest European references to Nim are from the beginning of the 16th century. Its current name was coined by Charles L. Bouton of Harvard University, who also developed the complete theory of the game in 1901, but the origins of the name were never fully explained. The name is probably derived from Germannimm meaning "take [imperative]", or the obsolete English verb nim of the same meaning.

Nim can be played as a misère game, in which the player to take the last object loses. Nim can also be played as a normal play game, which means that the person who makes the last move (i.e., who takes the last object) wins. This is called normal play because most games follow this convention, even though Nim usually does not.

Normal play Nim (or more precisely the system of nimbers) is fundamental to the Sprague–Grundy theorem, which essentially says that in normal play every impartial game is equivalent to a Nim heap that yields the same outcome when played in parallel with other normal play impartial games (see disjunctive sum).

While all normal play impartial games can be assigned a Nim value, that is not the case under the misère convention. Only tame games can be played using the same strategy as misère nim.

A version of Nim is played—and has symbolic importance—in the French New Wave film Last Year at Marienbad (1961).

At the 1940 New York World's Fair Westinghouse displayed a machine, the Nimatron, that played Nim. It was also one of the first ever electronic computerized games. Ferranti built a Nim playing computer which was displayed at the Festival of Britain in 1951. In 1952 Herbert Koppel, Eugene Grant and Howard Bailer, engineers from the W. L. Maxon Corporation, developed a machine weighing 50 pounds which played Nim against a human opponent and regularly won. A Nim Playing Machine has been described made from TinkerToy.

Nim is a special case of a poset game where the poset consists of disjoint chains (the heaps).

Nim (disambiguation)

Nim is a mathematical two player game.

Nim or NIM may also refer to:

Nim (programming language)

Nim (formerly named Nimrod) is an imperative, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language designed and developed by Andreas Rumpf. It is designed to be "efficient, expressive, and elegant", supporting metaprogramming, functional, message passing, procedural, and object-oriented programming styles by providing several features such as compile time code generation, algebraic data types, an elegant foreign function interface (FFI) with C and compiling to JavaScript.

Usage examples of "nim".

If Nims was in the business of taking kickbacks for favors rendered, Joseph might want him dead.

Nim recognized several varieties of knishes, kishke cooked in cbolent, loksben kugel, stuffed cabbage and pitcha.

Phillips, Harry Fullett, John Coleman, Gene Francar, Aaron Graham, Joe Toft, Jim Nims, Richard Hahner, James Borden, Charles Gutensohn, Robert Nieves, Mike Fredericks, Jerry Strickler, Mike McManus, Richard Meyers, Mark Eissler and James McGiveney.

He was followed by Holyoak, the commission counsel, and Roderick Pritchett, neither of whom gave Nim a hard time and both were mercifully brief.

Nim Nvatched as, with one hand, the serviceman traced a pipe which emerged from a wall, then connected to the meter several feet away.

Nim guessed that Norris had preferred it when Paul Sherman Yale was in Washington and uninvolved in trust business.

There would be strong objections, Nim already knew, to transferring this scene to the unspoiled wilderness of Tunipah.

Nim, who had eaten sparingly, took a final sip of black, unsweetened coffee, then pushed his cup away.

According to a confidential file which Nim had read, Commissioner Reid was once an ardent believer in Keynesian economics, but had recanted, now accepting that the deficit spending doctrines of John Maynard Keynes had led to economic disaster worldwide.

From the corner of her eye Anna could see Leonard Nims planted just outside the tent flaps, the only agitation between two lines of patient firefighters.

Little enough I bet even old man Nims could carry them up the hill without breaking a sweat.

LeFleur, Crew Boss, Newton Hamlin, Leonard Nims, Howard Black Elk, Joseph Hayhurst, Jennifer Short, Lawrence Gonzales and Hugh Pepperdine.

Stephen Lindstrom, Leonard Nims and Hugh Pepperdine were still unaccounted for.

Unless Nims had been killed by a psychotic, something he had seen, done, said, been or tried for had gotten him killed.

Categories and cross references fell into place: LeFleur, Nims, Gonzales, Pepperdine, Short, Black Elk and Hayhurst were from the Four Corners area.