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Crossword clues for mufti

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ And mufti means a dark suit with a tie.
▪ Besides muderrises and kadis, one other group within the learned profession deserves brief mention, namely the muftis.
▪ Clothes: mufti, plus carnation for groom; small bouquet for bride.
▪ Customs of the Service say that an officer wears mufti only when he's outside the camp.
▪ It consisted of small units which patrolled in mufti in civilian cars.
▪ Only the occasional sales rep, in his weekend mufti, went past me in his company Cavalier.
▪ Will uniform or mufti be required?
The Collaborative International Dictionary

mufti \muf"ti\, n. Ordinary civilian dress when worn by persons who serve in a uniformed service, such as the military or police. It originally was used in reference to British naval or military officers, and originated with the British service in India.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1580s, muphtie "official head of the state religion in Turkey," from Arabic mufti "judge," active participle of afta "to give," conjugated form of fata "he gave a (legal) decision" (compare fatwa). Sense of "ordinary clothes (not in uniform)" is from 1816, of unknown origin, perhaps from mufti's costume of robes and slippers in stage plays, which was felt to resemble plain clothes.


n. (cx countable Islam English) A Sunni Muslim scholar and interpreter of shari'a law, who can deliver a fatwa

  1. n. a jurist who interprets Muslim religious law

  2. civilian dress worn by a person who is entitled to wear a military uniform


A mufti (; ; ) is an Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law ( Sharia and fiqh). A muftiate or diyanet is a council of muftis.

According to University of Pennsylvania professor George Makdisi's paper "Scholasticism and Humanism in Classical Islam and the Christian West",, the term mufti is a direct equivalent of the later western term professor, meaning one who is qualified to profess independent opinion on a subject (same as fatwa). According to him, this was the highest level of academic credentials in classical Islamic academic tradition, above mudarris (doctor meaning teacher), and faqih (meaning Master)--a hierarchy later adopted in Western academic tradition.

William Cleveland wrote in his A History of the Modern Middle East that muftis were "experts in Islamic law qualified to give authoritative legal opinions known as fatwas; muftis were members of the ulama establishment and ranked above qadis".

Within Islamic legal schools, a mufti is considered the pinnacle in the hierarchy of scholars because of the advanced training required for the individual aspiring to be a mufti. Originally, muftis were private individuals who gave fatwas informally, regulated their own activities, and determined their own standards of the fatwa institution. A mufti could also be defined as an individual well-grounded in Islamic law.

Mufti (dress)

Mufti, or civies/civvies (slang for "civilian attire"), refers to plain or ordinary clothes, especially when worn by one who normally wears, or has long worn, a military or other uniform.

Usage examples of "mufti".

The sergeant was in mufti, a sack suit in windowpane check of a color that brought out the spider angioma on the side of his nose.

They were designated by the appellation of the Seven Jurisconsults, because the right of giving decisions on points of law had passed to them from the companions of Muhammad, and they became publicly known as Muftis.

Churchill was not in mufti of any kindblack jacket, stripy trousers, waistcoat-with-watchchain, spotty bow tie.

He could not himself go to the general in attendance as he was in mufti and had come to Tilsit without permission to do so, and Boris, even had he wished to, could not have done so on the following day.

It was called simply the Daiwan, from its profusion of daiwan pillows on which sat the Shah Zaman and the Wazir Jamshid and various elderly muftis of Muslim law, and sometimes some visiting Mongol emissaries of the Ilkhan Abagha.

A rout of Mullahs and Muftis and Musseins and Caids and Glaouis and Sheiks and Sultans and Holy Men and representatives of every conceivable Arab party make up the rank and file and attend the actual meetings from which the higher ups prudently abstain.

These decrees, fatwas, were issued according to interpretations of Muslim Law which the Caliph, Mufti or Qazi 0udge) was empowered to give.

Another used members of his court for target practiceand appointed a chicken as Grand Mufti.

I noticed a strange tall gaunt man half in khaki half in mufti with a large wide-awake hat, bright eyes and a hooked nose sitting in the comer.