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Mu‘āwīyya or Muawiyah or Muaawiya () is a male Arabic given name of disputed meaning. It was the name of the first Umayyad caliph.

Notable bearers of this name include:

  • Muawiyah I (602–680), first Umayyad Caliph (r. 661–680)
  • Muawiya II (661–684), third Umayyad Caliph (r. 683–684)
  • Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj, Umayyad general and governor
  • Mu'awiya ibn Hisham (died 737), Umayyad prince and general ( fl. 725–737)
  • Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya (born 1941), Prime-Minister, then President of Mauritania
  • Mu'awiyah Rayyan Nieshaem ibn Mohd Elfie Nieshaem, son of Malaysian Islamist activist who was exposed for his pornography hosting business.