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mockumentary

n. A television programme/program or movie presented as if it were a documentary but that is not factual and often a parody or satire.

Wikipedia
Mockumentary

A mockumentary (a portmanteau of mock and documentary) or docucomedy is a type of film or television show in which fictional events are presented in documentary style to create a parody. These productions are often used to analyze or comment on current events and issues by using a fictional setting, or to parody the documentary form itself. They may be either comedic or dramatic in form, although comedic mockumentaries are more common. A dramatic mockumentary (sometimes referred to as docufiction) should not be confused with docudrama, a fictional genre in which dramatic techniques are combined with documentary elements to depict real events.

Mockumentaries are often presented as historical documentaries, with B roll and talking heads discussing past events, or as cinéma vérité pieces following people as they go through various events. Examples emerged during the 1950s when archival film footage became relatively easy to locate. A very early example was a short piece on the " Swiss Spaghetti Harvest" that appeared as an April fools' joke on the British television program Panorama in 1957.

The term "mockumentary", which originated in the 1960s, was popularized in the mid-1980s when This Is Spinal Tap director Rob Reiner used it in interviews to describe that film.

Mockumentaries are often partly or wholly improvised, as an unscripted style of acting helps to maintain the pretense of reality. Comedic mockumentaries rarely have laugh tracks, also to sustain the atmosphere, although there are exceptions.

Usage examples of "mockumentary".

And with the help of multiple websites, good publicity from its distributor, Artisan (who also handled last year's low-budget si sensation Pi), and a mockumentary on the mockumentary, "The Curse of the Blair Witch," which ran -- repeatedly -- on the Sci-Fi Channel, the buzz kept building.